ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Beginners Guide to Photography No.4

Updated on October 23, 2017
Dave Proctor profile image

Dave is a experienced professional photographer, now semi-retired and living the high life in sunny Spain

Before I carry on with the course, a little bit of advice for you.

If your camera has an viewfinder and a rear display, turn off the rear display and only use the viewfinder (or eyepiece as some call it).

There are two main reasons for this. firstly you get a far better idea if your subject is in focus by looking through the viewfinder and secondly the rear display eats battery life.


We have so far looked at Aperture priority and Time Priority. I just want to briefly expand on what else will be on this menu and their possible uses, though at this stage I would suggest just using the modes we have already looked at.

Auto - This is the fully automated mode where the camera does all the work and will even pop up the flash (if one is fitted on-board), if the camera feels it requires it.

P - In this mode the camera is fully automated, except it will not adjust the ISO nor will it pop up the flash.

A (or Av) - As we looked at Aperture priority

T (or Tv)- Time Priority

M - This denotes manual mode. In other words you set everything.

If you have consistent lighting, to avoid the camera being affected by things like white shirts, black cars etc. in the foreground, take a look at your previous settings in Av and set the dial to manual and programme in the speed you previously took a photo at.

B - Stands for bulb. In this setting the camera shutter will stay open as long as you hold the shutter down. Only really use this when taking night photography, you are using a tripod and an automatic (E.g. wireless shutter release)

Other - Your ever helpful camera salesman will tell you that your camera has one or more Sports, landscape and portrait modes. Brilliant you think. Poppycock says I.

Let's start with 'Sports' mode.

How many sports can you name?

Now what is the fastest sport?

And the slowest?

So are they saying that they have developed a pre-set mode to cover every sport irrespective of lighting, speed and every other consideration. I really feel knowing your camera and how to set it yourself is far better.

The same goes for landscapes and every other pre-set mode. There are too many variables and it is only by understanding them will you take the best possible photographs.

Rant over. But please ignore these gizmos they do not help.

Exposure Compensation & Guide

When you look through your cameras viewfinder or at the back screen you will often see a scale with an arrow beneath it that looks something like:



This has two particular functions.

If you want to take a picture in manual mode the arrow will indicate when you have achieved the right exposure. If it is under exposed the arrow will move to the left (the minus side) conversely if the settings are over-exposed the arrow will go the right (the positive side).

The second function is exposure compensation.

Somewhere on your camera (normally on the back) you will see a small button with a plus and minus sign (+/-).

In A or T mode You can then scroll to the left or right. This will then add a degree of under-exposure moving the arrow to the left and over exposure, to the right.

You can also adjust this in the 'info' window.

Here Is an example of the affect this button:

Overexposed by moving the arrow to the plus 1
Overexposed by moving the arrow to the plus 1
Arrow central
Arrow central
Underexposed by moving the arrow to the minus 1
Underexposed by moving the arrow to the minus 1

Whilst there is not a great deal of difference,I personally like the shot that is slightly under-exposed, as it gives greater definition to the clouds.

What do you think?

White Balance

Unlike a human being, a camera does not have a brain!

Without going into a physics lesson. Different types of light have different temperatures, now our brains automatically adjust for these changes in temperature, so when we go indoors under say fluorescent light, we do not see things scrolling yellowy, brown.

A camera cannot make such adjustment, so we have to tell it what is white (or 18% grey, which is the ideal).

Now there are preformatted white balance corrections and these can be reasonably effective, however, entering a custom white balance will produce a more accurate result.

This is reasonably easy.

Set your camera, then take a picture of either an 18% grey card (from your photography shop) or a piece of plain white paper, under the light that you have to adjust for.

Now go the menu of your camera and select custom WB. Select this

and you will get a message saying something like ' Use WB data from this image for Custom WB' Press OK.

Next go to the WB menu and scroll across until it says 'Custom' or shows a symbol of 2 triangles facing each other with a square in the middle >•< or similar.

Select this. take your photo and it should show correct colour.

© 2017 Dave Proctor


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)