ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Book Review: Celtic Art Methods of Construction by George Bain

Updated on August 18, 2009

Cover of this classic

Cover of George Bain's "Celtic Art Methods of Construction." This is my fourth copy. I wear them out using it as a reference.
Cover of George Bain's "Celtic Art Methods of Construction." This is my fourth copy. I wear them out using it as a reference.

#20 of 30 in 30 Days

#20 for my challenge. I started on July 25th so I now need 10 more by the end of August 24th. I'm catching up for all those sick days!
#20 for my challenge. I started on July 25th so I now need 10 more by the end of August 24th. I'm catching up for all those sick days!

The Bain Book -- essential for Celtic design

Celtic Art, The Methods of Construction by George Bain, published by Dover, ISBN 0-486-22923-8 is so useful for doing knotwork, Celtic spirals, zoomorphs, maze patterns, beard pullers and any type of Celtic art that I've worn out four copies of it over the years. When it starts losing pages and its cover, that's when I tape it up and give it to a student while there's still a little life in it and replace it with a fresh copy.

One of these times I'll either find it in hardback or have it hardbound once I buy another new one. This copy is showing a bit of wear. That's because I use it all the time. I flip through it for ideas from the thousands of different ancient sources the author copied and credited or photographed. There are many more inked drawings than photos, they are easier to see and to work from when adapting the motifs to my own designs.

After a while, the methods became familiar and intuitive. His construction methods aren't the same as Aidan Meehan's or some of the other Celtic Art authors I've read. They are slow and a little cumbersome especially at first. What this book has in abundance is designs and sources for anything you could ever want to do in Celtic art.

If you want to do knotwork and only want to buy one book, this is the one to get. Much as I love my Aidan Meehan "Celtic Design" series for its beautiful hand calligraphed pages of very easy instructions, I haven't worn out any of them the way I've worn out the encyclopedic Bain book. Dover first got it in 1973, their edition is an unabridged copy of the original 1951 text and images. So this book is actually older than I am.

That's a little trippy, but fun especially when getting into ancient things like Celtic art. 

There's relatively little text. Most of the book is page after page of George Bain's meticulous examples and hand lettered captions. His calligraphy is flawless and easy to read. Oh yes. I forgot to mention it but there is an entire chapter on Lettering that includes not one but several traditional styles of Celtic calligraphy from the Book of Kells, Lindsifarne and other classical sources. Of course that includes the glorious illuminated capitals, so does the section on Zoomorphs where many of the really elaborate ones come up with birds, snakes, fish and dogs in them.

Using his methods of construction you can scale up and borrow any of these ancient designs or work out how to curve them to fit into any space. Where he uses dotted lines, those are penciled guidelines. The slowest part of the method is putting in the dots perfectly evenly to work around them.

I wound up adapting that to putting dots where I knew there were points of knots and I'd ink over the dots, just marking intervals and freehand sketching the center lines before inking and doing the crossings. I only evolved those personal short cuts after using his method numerous times though, you may create a few shortcuts of your own after copying some of his examples. While I'm not sure if his methods are those of the ancient scribes or not, they are precise and workable. You can create any of the designs or your own by carefully using those construction methods.

Some general tips on using it. 

Skim through it for the pleasure of it, then go back and pick out a simple design to try first. Don't start with anything insane like a circular spiral design with knotwork and spirals within it and animals, try each of the elements separately.

Don't try to do these things original size like they were in the Book of Kells without a magnifying glass and a very fine point pen.

Always, no matter how skilled you get, pencil first and don't ink until after you finish the crossings. This one has caused problems for many good artists because if you lose track of what you're doing and make one bad crossing, it will pop up again later in the design. You don't know where but it will come back -- so you have to check all of them until you find the other one too after fixing it. So do the crossings in pencil.

Use waterproof ink if you're going to watercolor your knotwork and Celtic art after it's done. Rapidograph technical pens with Universal ink are good, so are Pigma Micron disposable technical pens, Prismacolor Archival Markers, fine or extra fine point and Pitt Artist Pens. India ink with dip pens is very good for inking, gives a nice medieval feel to it even if you have to keep dipping and recreates some of the experience of the ancient scribes.

For lettering with a chisel point pen, dip or felt tip or fountain pen, always hold the pen at exactly a 45 degree angle for best results. It will look bad if you change the angle while lettering -- though you can vary the angle to get different effects if you want to modernize it.

This book is a classic for good reason. It has more information in fewer pages in clear form than anything else I have ever found on the subject. I enjoy Celtic Art books the same way I do colored pencils realism books and do have a dozen of them -- out of all of them, this one is the one I'd replace first if I lost all my books. Or just when it wears out again.

It's under $10 cover price, for something this useful you're getting a real bargain. If you are a member of the Society for Creative Anachronism, it's also very handy for checking sources on various Celtic art designs so that you can write them up for A&S competitions. Likewise if you're a college student looking for art history topics -- all the details are included from all his sources so the Bain book is darn handy as a nonartist reference too.

Definitely try copying the designs though, there's nothing like doing something that cool yourself and holding it in your hand. Enjoy!


Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • robertsloan2 profile image
      Author

      robertsloan2 8 years ago from San Francisco, CA

      Wayne, that rocks! I'm looking forward to your Celtic Cross demo and the tribal/celtic tattoo designs one. I hope you write both, that sounds so interesting. Thanks for your plug on the book. Readers who get to the comments thread will know that's not just me -- this is THE reference for finding any type of historic celtic design you want for anything.

      Of course if you try to do them Kells scale, you go nuts and spend half a year on a 4" x 6" page...

    • waynet profile image

      Wayne Tully 8 years ago from Hull City United Kingdom

      I own this book myself and it is a really great book for drawing the celtic knotwork, in fact I was going to either review it or use it as a reference to draw a celtic cross tattoo and so with you writing a great review, I don't have to, so I have planned the latter, once I get my new scanner I can get on with drawing a celtic cross step by step and a couple of celtic tattoo hubs out of the way.

      I also have a few books on old celtic weapons and art pottery which have proved useful for some designs I used to draw for my tattoos, with which you can fuse tribal and celtic designs together to make something unique.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)