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Chinese Watercolour for Painting Orchids

Updated on March 11, 2013
BlossomSB profile image

Since school, Bronwen has been interested in art, has joined Artists' groups where she has lived, and occasionally has even won prizes.

The Orchid: Spring Gentleman

The Chinese have a flower for each of the four seasons. I have already written about bamboo, which is for summer. These flowers are known as gentlemen and the one for Spring is the orchid. For Westerners orchids are usually considered elegant and exotic, a symbol for luxury.

The Orchid and Chinese Symbolism

Chinese people love orchids and would agree with Western thought about them, although different areas of China seem to attach different meanings to these beautiful flowers. They can be a symbol of elegance, refinement, perfection, high virtues and innocence. They are also seen as an emblem of abundance and may be kept in a house to encourage fertility. They are also given to people when they are ill or in hospital and are considered useful in curing coughs and lung disease.

The Orchid and Industry

The orchid belongs to the family Orchidaceae, the largest flowering plant family in the world. There are over 25,000 different species that grow naturally and more are still being discovered.

  1. Retail Trade: Although we think of them as being tropical, orchids will grow naturally in many climates and are sold by nurseries and garden centres around the world.
  2. Food and Cosmetics Industries: Around 110 species of orchids are used in industry. They are the flat-leafed and mostly sweet-scented Vanilla orchids. The word 'vanilla' means 'little pod,' and it is the pod that is used for flavouring and perfumery. After flowering, over about nine months the pod gradually turns black as it matures and both the expensive pod and the seeds are used.

Set up the Materials You will Need
Set up the Materials You will Need | Source

Prepare the Materials

Before you begin, set out the materials that you may need, so that everything is ready.

  • The painting can be done on watercolour paper, but it's more fun and quite inexpensive to use Chinese rice-paper that can be purchased in a roll. Using a ruler, gently tear off a sheet or two of the size that you want for your painting. An extra sheet is useful for practice.
  • A small box of Chinese watercolour tubes.
  • Two or three different sized Chinese brushes.
  • A small palette.
  • An absorbent rug to rest the paper on when painting.
  • A container of clean water.
  • An old cloth is useful, too.

Begin With the Leaves
Begin With the Leaves | Source

How to Paint the Orchid

1. Begin with the leaves.

  • Wet your brush in the water. In your palette, mix together black and yellow (Cadmium is one you could choose) watercolour paints to obtain a dark green. Get rid of extra moisture on the brush. Anchor the paper. Remember that you do not touch the paper with your hands; the brush is held almost horizontally above the paper.
  • Keeping the brush fairly dry, decide where you want the leaves and 'air-paint' each stroke a couple of times to be sure of the position, then apply the stroke on the paper. Use the flat side of the brush to begin at the bottom and turn it to obtain a point for the end of the leaf. The drier brush strokes help to suggest older, tattered leaves.
  • Remember that the rice-paper is fairly fragile and if you paint over the strokes more than once you may end up with a hole.

Add the Stems, Orchid Petals and Buds
Add the Stems, Orchid Petals and Buds | Source

2. Next, the flower stems, petals and buds.

  • The Stems. Mix a brownish colour, such as Burnt Sienna, with a little white. Again, holding the brush vertically, practise where you want the stems to be, then draw them down the paper.
  • The Petals. Add a red, such as Rouge (Lake) and a white to the palette. Mix some of the white to the red to achieve a delicate pink for the orchid petals. Charge the brush with the white or a pale pink near the base, a slightly darker pink further along and a tiny amount of black at the tip. To make each petal, pull the brush from the petal tip towards the centre of the flower, pressing a little more in the centre to make it a little wider there and curving the petal as you go. It's a good idea to practise on the spare paper first. Remember that these orchids are delicate, so do not make them look too heavy.
  • The Buds. For the buds, use a flat side of the brush and charge it in a similar way, making the colour a little darker than for the petals. Make the base of the bud a little wider than the flower petals, too.

Add the Small Stems and Anthers
Add the Small Stems and Anthers | Source

3. Completing the Painting.

  • The Smaller Stems. Making the brownish paint on your palette a little darker, draw the small stems from the main stem to each flower. Attach at each end with a darker dot.
  • The Anthers. Using the darker brownish colour, add the anthers in the centre of the flowers.

Now your painting is complete and ready for mounting.

Please Answer this Poll

Have you done Chinese watercolour painting before?

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    • BlossomSB profile image

      Bronwen Scott-Branagan 2 years ago from Victoria, Australia

      Tolovaj: I used to think that orchids were too exotic for me, but on closer acquaintance I have found them so interesting, including the ones with perfume. Thank you for your comments.

    • Tolovaj profile image

      Tolovaj 2 years ago

      While I am much more familiar with roses, I am discovering orchids in last weeks and months. They are very special and fascinating, so their popularity in at (and in many other areas of life) is more than well deserved. Thanks for all the instructions!

    • BlossomSB profile image

      Bronwen Scott-Branagan 4 years ago from Victoria, Australia

      Mhatter99: It really is not too difficult. One of the good things is that the materials are inexpensive, so we can try it over and over again until it's the way we want it to look.

      faith reaper: Thank you for your lovely comments. I love researching the meaning and history behind things. Thank you for your vote, too. Blessings and have a great day.

      faythef: I do hope it changes and that you are successful. I know what you mean about growing them. I still have four that are all different species; I used to have lots more. I'd love to be able to produce my own vanilla pod, that would be such fun.

      bridalletter: I'm very happy to share. Do start to try again, it's fun and quite satisfying when it works.

      wabash annie: I'm so glad that you enjoyed it and once you master the technique it is not difficult.

    • wabash annie profile image

      wabash annie 4 years ago from Colorado Front Range

      I enjoyed this hub immensely ... the drawings/paintings are beautiful. Thanks much!

    • bridalletter profile image

      Brenda Kyle 4 years ago from Blue Springs, Missouri, USA

      It looks really good. I have not tried Chinese painting in a long time. Thank you for sharing the technique.

    • faythef profile image

      Faythe F. 4 years ago from USA

      I voted no..but that is going to change soon..thank you for this article....Orchids are beautiful..I hope to have better luck painting them , than, I do growing up and sharing...

    • Faith Reaper profile image

      Faith Reaper 4 years ago from southern USA

      Oh, I love the orchid. Thanks for such a beautiful hub of the history and meaning behind the orchid and its uses. Such a delicate and beautiful flower. I appreciate the step-by-step instructions here as to how to paint such a lovely Chinese Watercolour! Your painting is stunning!

      Voted up ++++ and sharing

      God bless, Faith Reaper

    • Mhatter99 profile image

      Martin Kloess 4 years ago from San Francisco

      Thank you for this instruction. You make it look easy enough.