ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Color Harmonies

Updated on August 3, 2009

                      Color Harmonies

Color pertains to the quality or kind of light reflected by the surface of an object. When looking at the objects' characteristics, color has the widest appeal.

Color System

1.  Prang system —is based on Brewster-Newton theory. It deals with primary, second­ary, and tertiary colors. There are 12 basic hues in the prang color system, namely: three primaries, three secondaries and six intermediates.

2.  Munsell system — disregards primary and secondary colors. According to Munsell, it gives an excess of orange and yellow in the chart. The system establishes five prin­cipal hues: red, yellow, green, blue, and purple. The five intermediate hues are yel­low-red, green-yellow, blue-green, blue-purple, and red-purple.

Orange and violet serve as mere shades of fruits and flowers, Munsell has 10 basic hues, compared to 12 in the Prang system. Of the two systems, the latter is easier to conceptualize.

Color Classification (Prang System)

1.   Primary colors - the root of all colors.

a.   yellow               b.   blue                  c.   red

2.   Secondary colors - produced by the mixture of any two primary colors.

a.    green (yellow and blue)

b.    orange (yellow and red)

c.    violet (red and blue)

3.   Intermediate colors - produced by the mixture of a neighboring secondary color in
the color chart.

a.    yellow-green                                         d.   red-violet

b.   yellow-orange                                       e.   blue-violet

c.    red-orange                                           f.   blue-green

4.   Tertiary colors - produced by the mixture of two secondary colors.

a.    russet or reddish brown (violet and green)

b.   olive or brownish yellow (orange and green)

c.    slate or bluish gray (violet and orange)

15.  Quarternary colors - produced by the mixture of two tertiary colors.

a.    buff (russet and olive)

b.   sage (olive and slate)

c.    plum (slate and russet)

Color Harmony

Color harmony means pleasing, effective, congruent and balanced combination of two or more colors or shades. It does not imply a random mixing of colors but a purpose­ful selection of a number of colors to get the desired effect. It is usually achieved by combining related or contrasting colors.


Related Color Harmony

1.   Monochromatic harmony — is oth­erwise referred to as one-mode or one hue harmony. It combines different intensities or values - lightness and darkness or brightness and dullness - of one color only. Examples are blue, light blue, dark blue.

2.   Analogous harmony — means a combination of two or more neigh­boring colors in the color chart. An example is a yellow dress, with a yellow-green collar, and ruffles with green buttons and laces.

Contrasting Color Harmony

1.   Complementary harmony — is achieved by a combination of any opposite colors in the color wheel. Blue and violet, for instance, are complementary colors.

2.   Double complementary harmony — is the combination of two directly adjacent colors and their complements in the color chart. For example, yellow and yellow-orange when combined with violet and blue-violet may achieve harmony.

3.   Split complementary harmony — is made by combining a primary or an intermedi­ate color in the chart with colors on each side of its complement. This is a scheme of colors placed in the chart as to describe the letter Y.

4.   Triad harmony — In this combination, the three colors are placed in the chart as to mark out the three points of an equilateral triangle.

NEUTRAL-AND-A-COLOR HARMONY This is a combination of a color and black, white or gray.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • profile image


      5 years ago

      Thank you for your inteligent answer and my project

    • profile image


      6 years ago

      thanks u

    • profile image

      ashley carreon 

      6 years ago

      YEHEY!!! nakasagot na me sa H.W YEHEY!!! YEHEY!!!

    • profile image

      honeybunch ^_^ 

      6 years ago

      thanks may saguut na akuh sa assignment ko....!!!


    • profile image

      angela lundang 

      6 years ago

      tnx poh sa help =))

    • profile image

      alecs cerda 

      6 years ago

      very interesting....:)

    • profile image


      7 years ago


    • profile image

      jhoven roldan 

      7 years ago

      haha thanks sa answer

    • profile image

      Mary Grace benico 

      7 years ago

      wow , thank you for ur great answers

    • profile image

      yham-yham 28 

      7 years ago

      WOW!!!!!!!!!it is so wonderful answers...............Thank you very much for these wonderful answers.It helps in my home works and my project in T.L.E .......

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      tnx!!it helps me a lot...

    • profile image

      hah a 

      7 years ago

      color is color

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      like it so much super wow!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Thank you very much for these information. It helps in homeworks of mine. :)

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      thank you it can help my project in tle

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      astig yang pinost nyo

    • profile image

      Paula Ubebe 

      7 years ago

      This really helps me a lot.

    • profile image


      8 years ago


    • profile image

      moral rochelle a. 

      9 years ago

      its beatiful but i want more option.

    • knell63 profile image


      9 years ago from Umbria, Italy

      I love colour theory, being totally colourblind I tend to naturally bump the rules. It was interesting to revisit my old art school colour rule book once again. Thanks.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)