ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Crochet Basics: Tools, Definitions, and Shorthand Terms

Updated on May 4, 2014
Crochet uses one hooked needle to create the stitches.
Crochet uses one hooked needle to create the stitches. | Source

Crochet, the yarn work, comes from the French word 'crochet', meaning hook. Crochet work is formed by looping thread, yarn or thin strips of fabric with a hooked needle, forming a series of stitches.

Items that are made from crocheting can be very small and delicate, to large and durable. Lace can be created from crochet patterns. All sizes can be created from a single hook, just increasing the overall size of the hook itself, for example, very small and fine work can be done using a very small size number 14 hook, while the size N hook will result in very large loops. The size of the yarn will also dictate the finished project: the small the yarn the smaller and more delicate the work can be, no matter the size of the hook.

Just about anything can be crocheted: yarn made of acrylic, wool or cotton, specialty yarns, thin strips of fabric, cotton string, etc.

Examples of Crochet Work

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Crochet squares with flowers.Crochet blanket, different colors.Beginnings of a crochet project.White crocheted doily.Different yarn colors together for a multi-colored crochet piece.Monochromatic crochet shell look.Blue crochet project in progress.Black and white crochet scarf.Crochet blanket with striped border.Crochet in a pinnacle stitch creating a zig zag pattern for each row.
Crochet squares with flowers.
Crochet squares with flowers. | Source
Crochet blanket, different colors.
Crochet blanket, different colors. | Source
Beginnings of a crochet project.
Beginnings of a crochet project. | Source
White crocheted doily.
White crocheted doily. | Source
Different yarn colors together for a multi-colored crochet piece.
Different yarn colors together for a multi-colored crochet piece. | Source
Monochromatic crochet shell look.
Monochromatic crochet shell look. | Source
Blue crochet project in progress.
Blue crochet project in progress. | Source
Black and white crochet scarf.
Black and white crochet scarf. | Source
Crochet blanket with striped border.
Crochet blanket with striped border. | Source
Crochet in a pinnacle stitch creating a zig zag pattern for each row.
Crochet in a pinnacle stitch creating a zig zag pattern for each row. | Source

Crochet Shorthand Definitions

For those learning the art of crochet, reading a pattern may seem difficult since all instructions use crochet abbreviated shorthand. Here are some definitions to crochet shorthand you may encounter reading crochet patterns.

  • beg - This means 'beginning', either beginning a new row or new stitch.
  • ch - This means 'chain', as in a chain stitch. It could also mean single chain.
  • chs - This means 'chains' or multiple chain stitches. Read the pattern to know how many chains to make.
  • dc - Short for 'double crochet'.
  • hdc - Short for 'half double crochet'.
  • sc - Short for 'single crochet'.
  • tr - Short for 'triple crochet', or 'treble'.
  • dtr - Short for 'double treble'.
  • dec - When this comes up in a pattern, it generally means that the stitch is decreasing, so decrease the number of stitches specified in the pattern.
  • sp(s) - This means 'spaces'.
  • cont - Means 'to continue'. Follow the pattern for how many to continue with.
  • rep - Short for 'repeat', as in a repeating pattern or stitch.

Specialized Crochet Stitches and Patterns

Textured Stitches:
These crochet stitches will create a textured pattern on the finished work. It is generally made on a large area, like a blanket, sweater or pillow, giving it a look of a plain background with pronounced 3-D designs standing apart from it. Examples include raised dots, a pineapple stitch, different sized balls or fans, etc.

Openwork Stitches:
Crochet patterns are openwork if they have a series of skipped stitches, resulting in an open work pattern. Patterns with a net-like pattern are examples of openwork stitching.

Different Colors:
Crochet work can be done using different colors. These are finished pieces being joined together, or switching from different colors using different yarns in the middle of a project.

Medallion & Circular Stitching:
Crochet work is easily done in circular, square and hexagon shapes. These are either used by themselves, or joined to form a larger piece.

Crochet Tools

Besides the crochet hooks and yarn, these tools are also handy in crochet work:

  • Ruler or Sewing Tape Measure: This tool will help measure stitches and the row length.
  • Scissors: Used in cutting yarn.
  • Large Needlepoint Needles: For working different patterns on top of a finished piece.
  • Yarn Spooler or Swift: This will help to spool or roll skeins of yarn for you from pulled crocheted and recycled blankets, or from unrolled yarn.
  • Basket: For holding crochet yarn in one place.

How to Crochet Video

Comments

Submit a Comment

  • R Shelton profile imageAUTHOR

    Rosephanye Shelton 

    5 years ago from California, USA

    Thanks annajazz!

  • annajazz profile image

    Anna Marie 

    5 years ago from New Mexico

    Thanks! I leaned to crochet on my own, and never learned the correct terms. These are helpful def.

    Awesome work as well.

  • R Shelton profile imageAUTHOR

    Rosephanye Shelton 

    7 years ago from California, USA

    Thanks! Glad you enjoyed them :)

  • profile image

    CrochetBlogger 

    7 years ago

    Love your examples of crochet work in this Hub!

working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)