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Group of Seven, a Canadian institution

Updated on September 20, 2010

The Group of Seven were a group of friends with similar tastes and ideas about art. The members are amongst the best-known of Canadian artists and there is no mistaking one of their paintings when you come across it. All the artists met while they were working for the design company Grip Ltd. in 1913. The group had their first exhibit at the Art Gallery of Ontario in Toronto in 1920.

The Group of Seven was more of an artistic movement than just a group of artists, at times they numbered nine artists. They took a stand against the established Canadian art promoted by the Royal Canadian Academy. They painted mostly landscapes and were all inspired by Georgian Bay and the Algonquin. The Group of Seven eventually disbanded in 1931.

The McMichael Canadian Art Collection in Kleinburg, Ontario has the largest number of Tom Thomson and Group of Seven paintings in Canada and 6 of the group are buried on the grounds.

Tom Thomson

Tom Thomson died before The Group of Seven was formed but was close to all the artists and also worked at Grip Inc. He was born on August 5th, 1877 and died on July 8th, 1917. The events surrounding his deaths were suspicious and his exact cause of death, other than a blow to the head which was believed to have been post-mortem, is unknown. Even though he was not an official member of the Group of Seven, he is the best-known of the group.

Jack Pine

J.E.H. McDonald

J.E.H. McDonald was born on May 12th, 1873 and died on November 26th, 1932.

Mist Fantasy

Arthur Lismer

Arthur Lismer was born on June 27, 1885 and died on March 23rd, 1969.

Bright Land

A. J. Casson

A.J. Casson was not an original member of the group, he replaced Frank Johnston in 1921. Casson was born on May 17th, 1898 and died on February 20th, 1992.

White Pine

Frank Johnston

Frank Johnston was born on June 19th, 1882 and died on July 19th, 1949.

Where Eagles Soar

Fred Varley

Fred Varley was born on Jan 2nd and died on September 8th, 1969.

Stormy Weather

Franklin Carmichael

Franklin Carmichael was born on May 4th, 1890 and died on October 24th, 1945.

Mirror Lake

A.Y. Jackson

A.Y. Jackson was born on October 3rd, 1882 and died on April 5th, 1974. Two schools in Ontario are named after him.

Road to Baie St. Paul.

Lawren Harris

Lawren Harris was born on October 23rd, 1885 and died on January 29th, 1970. Harris, who came from a wealthy family, funded many of the Group of Seven painting trips.

Lake and Mountains


Submit a Comment

  • nicomp profile image

    nicomp really 

    8 years ago from Ohio, USA

    Amazing paintings. Thanks for sharing.

  • Laura in Denver profile image

    Laura Deibel 

    8 years ago from Aurora

    Very interesting article and beautiful artwork.

  • RGraf profile image

    Rebecca Graf 

    9 years ago from Wisconsin

    These are wonderful. I've never heard of them but I'll keep an eye out now.

  • jiberish profile image


    9 years ago from florida

    Great Job! Happy New Year!

  • nadiaazhar profile image


    9 years ago from kuwait

    interesting hub and i really like the art pieces.specially i like the reflection effect in Mist Fantasy and Mirror Lake.

    best regards,nadia

  • profile image

    Nancy's Niche 

    9 years ago

    Very interesting story and beautiful art pieces; Fascinating group...

  • alekhouse profile image

    Nancy Hinchliff 

    9 years ago from Essex Junction, Vermont

    Interesting group. They are all rather similar in feeling and style...rather VanGoghish

  • profile image


    9 years ago

    These are lovely UW. I really like them. Never heard of them so thanks for sharing. I like the Stormy Weather best.

  • profile image

    Tammy Lochmann 

    9 years ago

    Hey I remember that from art Class way back in Highschool I will definitely be looking a little closer at those prints. Great Hub.


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