ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Create Stunning Warped Ornate Text in Photoshop

Updated on January 15, 2016

I have always wondered why most designers avoid using Create Warped Text option of the Type Tool. Distorting the Text in different ways gives the opportunity of creating really amazing effects.

In this tutorial I am going to show you how to apply Squeeze Style of Warp on Text. We will also be using Pen Tool Paths, Brushes and the great potential of Polygon Tool to add really awesome decorations.

So if you have never created warped Text and still don't know how to turn an ordinary polygon into cool star or floral shape, this tutorial is right for you.

I created this Text Effect in Adobe Photoshop CS6 but all other versions are applicable too.

The tutorial is for intermediate level of Photoshop users. You should know how to use Pen tool in Paths Mode and also know how to Stroke the Paths with Brush tool. I have done my best to explain everything in detail, but from my own experience I know that it is difficult for a newbie to draw with Pen tool so either better don’t risk or ask an advanced user to help you. J

This is the outcome you should achieve:

STEP 1

Firstly create a new .psd file of 1000px Width, 600px Height and 96 Pixels/Inch Resolution. As you can see, I have named my document Warped Ornate Text. Choose RGB for Color Mode and Transparent for Background Contents. Rename Layer 1 to Background then press Ctrl+G or go to Layer, Group Layers to place your first layer in a Group. Rename Group 1 to Background.

Fill the Background with Green Color and Apply Graphic Pen Filter

In steps 2-7 you should firstly colorize your Background layer with Paint Bucket Tool, then you have to create another layer on top of Background group and fill it with yellow color.

While the yellow colored layer is selected, you should open the Filter Gallery and apply Graphic Pen Filter from the Sketch set. As a final touch you have to change the Blend Mode of Opacity of the Filter layer to achieve subtle Texture.

STEP 2

Set Foreground Color to #338c6e then take Paint Bucket Tool and colorize with it your Background. The same you can do by using Edit, Fill, Foreground Color.

STEP 3

Create a New Layer on top of Background Group. Later we are going to give it a new name. Change Foreground Color to nice yellow- #fffe92 and colorize with it your second layer.

STEP 4

Now firstly change the Background color to Black (keep the yellow Foreground) as the Filter we are going to apply depends on both colors set in the Tools bar, then navigate to the Menu bar and select Filter, Filter Gallery.

STEP 5

After the Filter Gallery window appears on your screen, select Sketch Filter then highlight Graphic Pen from the Filters menu. Set the Stroke Length to 4, Light/Dark Balance to 100 and leave Stroke Direction to Horizontal. Press OK button when you are ready with the Filter settings.

STEP 6

This is how your canvas will look after applying the Sketch type of Filter on your yellow colored layer. Rename the layer to Graphic Pen Filter.

STEP 7

Change the Blend Mode of Graphic Pen Filter layer to Multiply and reduce its Opacity to 20%.

Create Rough Vignette Effect to Complete Your Work on the Background

In the coming two steps you have to finish your work on the Background. You need to create another layer on top of Background group and use Rough Round Bristle Brush of dark purple color to paint the borders of the canvas. When you are ready, you have to change the Blend Mode and Fill Opacity of the Brush layer then apply Bevel and Emboss to give subtle embossed effect to the Rough Vignette you have painted with the Bristle Brush.

STEP 8

Set your Foreground Color to dark purple- #67037d then Create a New Layer on top of Background Group and call it Rough Round Bristle Brush after the Brush we are going to use right now.

Grab Brush tool and find Rough Round Bristle Brush from the Brush Preset picker. Leave its Size to 100px as by default then brush around the borders of the canvas. You should get something like this:

STEP 9

Change Blend Mode of Rough Round Bristle Brush layer to Multiply and lower the Fill Opacity to 20%. Please make a difference between Opacity and Fill Opacity value. If you reduce the value of Opacity, it will affect the layer styles you intend to apply and their visibility will be lowered. If you reduce Fill Opacity, it will make the object in the respective layer transparent, but it won’t affect the layer styles and they will be visible.

Double click on Rough Round Bristle Brush layer's thumbnail or go to Layer, Layer Style, Blending Options. Check Bevel and Emboss and change its settings like this:

Style: Inner Bevel

Technique: Smooth

Depth: 100%

Direction: Up

Size: 5px

Soften: 0px

Angle: 120 degrees

Use Global Light: checked

Altitude: 30 degrees

Gloss Contour: Ring-Triple

Anti-aliased: not checked

Highlight Mode: Hard Light

Color for Highlight: #691d68

Opacity: 40%

Shadow Mode: Multiply

Color of Shadow: #000000

Opacity: 0%.

Press OK button to close Layer Style dialog box. With this we completed our work in Background Group.

You should get this Background if you have followed all my previous steps in detail.

Type the Text then Distort it Using Squeeze Warp

In Steps 10-13 you have to type the Text using the ordinary Microsoft New Tai Lue default Font. Then you need to apply Squeeze Warp to distort the Text. For the purpose you have to highlight your Text and navigate to the Options bar in order to select the Warp Text icon and apply Squeeze type of Warp with changed Bend value.

After the Text has been typed and warped, you have to rasterize it in order to turn it from vector to pixels.

STEP 10

Let us start to create our Text Effect. Take Horizontal Type Tool. Navigate to the Options bar and find Microsoft New Tai Lue default Font from Font Family drop down menu. You can choose another thick font if you like. Set the Font Style to Bold and Font Size to 300pt. Change also the Text Color to #5dffc8 then click on Toggle the Character and Paragraph Panels icon and set the Tracking to 100. We need this bigger Tracking as later we are going to apply Warp and Stroke which will get the letters closer to one another and they may overlap.

Type Text in Capital Letters. Don't worry that the Text is a bit bigger than your canvas. Later all will be fixed.

Place Text layer on top of Layers panel and press Ctrl+G to group it. Rename the new Group to Text too.

STEP 11

With Horizontal Type tool and Text layer selected (don’t forget to highlight the Text with the mouse!), click on Create Warped Text symbol in the Options bar. When Warp Text dialog box appears on your screen, select Squeeze from Style drop down menu, check Horizontal and increase Bend to +65%. Press OK when you are ready with the settings and you'll get this warped Text:

STEP 12

Right click on the Text layer and select Rasterize Type to turn our text into raster image.

STEP 13

This is how your Rasterized Text layer will look in Layers panel.

Rename the Text layer to Text 1. Later we are going to duplicate it.

Apply Blending Options on the First Text layer

In the coming two steps you have to apply Drop Shadow and Golden Gradient Stroke to the original Text layer. You should prepare Gradient consisting of five Color Stops of Golden Shades to create the thick 13px Stroke Effect.

STEP 14

Right click on Text 1 layer and select Blending Options (Layer, Layer Style, Blending Options) or just double click on its layer's thumbnail to activate Layer Style dialog box. Check Drop Shadow. Change only its Distance to 7px, Spread to 35% and Size to 20px. Leave all other settings as given by default.

Keep Layer Style box active as we are going to add another effect in the coming step.

STEP 15

Now we have to apply awesome golden shaded Gradient Type of Stroke so for the purpose tick Stroke Layer Style and insert the following settings:

Size: 13px

Position: Center

Blend Mode: Normal

Opacity: 100%

Fill Type: Gradient

First Color Stop (Location 0%): #757359

Second Color Stop (Location 25%): #d7ce86

Third Color Stop (Location 50%): #8a8259

Fourth Color Stop (Location 75%): #feffbf

Fifth Color Stop (Location 100%): #a0a177

Reverse: unchecked

Style: Linear type of gradient

Align with Layer: checked

Angle: 90 degrees

Dither: not checked

Scale: 82%.

This is how your Text will look after adding Drop Shadow and Stroke:

Duplicate the Original Text Layer, Rasterize its Layer Style then Add 3D Effect and Texture

In Steps 16-19 you firstly have to make a duplicate of the Text layer and leave intact the Stroke Layer Style on the copied layer. After that you have to Rasterize the Stroke in order to be able to apply new Blending Options. If you start to add layer styles without rasterizing the Stroke, they won’t be able to affect it and it can‘t be texturized.

After the Stroke have been rasterized you have to add two Blending Options- Bevel and Emboss and Hard Charcoal Light Texture which is default for Photoshop.

Don’t delete the original Text layer. We need it because of the Drop Shadow layer Style applied on it. We also have to duplicate it once more and add new Blending Options.

STEP 16

While Text 1 layer is selected, press Ctrl+J (Layer, Duplicate Layer) to make a copy of it. Now rename the duplicated layer to Text 2. Select its Drop Shadow Layer Style and drag it to the Recycle Bin icon at the bottom of Layers panel to remove it. We need the Stroke only.

STEP 17

Only right click on Text 2 layer and select Rasterize Layer Style.

STEP 18

Text 2 layer needs Blending Options too. The first Layer Style to be applied on it is Bevel and Emboss. Only check it in Layer Style box and leave all the settings as given by default.

STEP 19

Check Texture Layer Style to add nice relief to the Text and insert these settings:

Pattern: Hard Charcoal light (200 by 200 pixels, Grayscale mode)

Scale: 100%

Depth: +60%

Invert: not checked

Link with Layer: checked.

This is the outcome of the Bevel and Emboss and Texture overlay:

Create Another Duplicate of the Original Text and Apply Four Blending Options

In the next two steps you have to create another duplicate of the original Text layer, remove the Blending Options from the copied one and place it on the top of the Text group.

Secondly, you have to apply Bubbles Pattern which is default for all Photoshop versions, you should also add light blue Inner Glow, thin (only 2px) orange to brown Gradient Stroke and blueish Bevel and Emboss.

STEP 20

This time duplicate Text 1 layer and move the copied layer on top of Text Group. Rename it to Text 3 then right click on it and select Clear Layer Style to get rid of the previously added Blending Options. I have switched off both Text 1 and Text 2 layers for a better visibility.

This is the result you should get up to now in Text Group:

STEP 21

Now we should add four Blending Options to Text 3 layer. Firstly apply Pattern Overlay with these settings:

Blend Mode: Multiply

Opacity: 80%

Pattern: Bubbles (80 by 80 pixels, RGB mode)

Scale: 313%

Link with Layer: checked.

The second Layer Style to be added to Text 3 layer is Inner Glow. Change its settings as follows:

Blend Mode: Screen

Opacity: 100%

Noise: 10%

Color of Glow: #a4ffef

Technique: Precise

Source: Center

Choke: 0%

Size: 35px

Contour: Linear

Anti-aliased: unchecked

Range: 29%.

Jitter: 0%.

Now apply this thin Gradient type of Stroke:

Size: 2px

Position: Inside

Blend Mode: Normal

Opacity: 100%

Fill Type: Gradient

First Color Stop (Location 0%): #977729

Second Color Stop (Location 70%): #febc49

Third Color Stop (Location 100%): #9e793e

Reverse: unchecked

Style: Reflected type of gradient

Align with Layer: checked

Angle: 90 degrees

Dither: not checked

Scale: 80%.

In this step we are going to add slight 3D effect to Text 3 layer so check Bevel and Emboss Layer Style and insert these settings:

Style: Inner Bevel

Technique: Smooth

Depth: 100%

Direction: Up

Size: 7px

Soften: 16px

Angle: 120 degrees

Use Global Light: checked

Altitude: 30 degrees

Gloss Contour: Linear

Anti-aliased: not checked

Highlight Mode: Hard Light

Color for Highlight: #165cdc

Opacity: 100%

Shadow Mode: Multiply

Color of Shadow: #372b01

Opacity: 99-100%.

With this fourth Layer Style we finished our work on the Text.

You should get this awesome warped Text after applying the layer styles on Text 3 layer:

Draw Curves with Pen Tool and Stroke them with Hard Round Brush

In Steps 22-28 you should start creating awesome decoration for your Warped Text. You have to use Pen tool in Paths Mode to draw curves which should be placed between the upper two Text layers. After you are ready with drawing the respective curve, you should Stroke its Pen tool Path with Hard Round Brush of 8px Size (Simulate Pressure Option checked!).

Please take into consideration that you need to draw every curve on a separate layer because we have to apply different Blending Options on each of them.

You have to apply Drop Shadow and Bevel and Emboss of different color shades to each curve to make them colorful and more prominent.

STEP 22

Create a New Layer, placed between Text 2 and Text 3 layer and call it Line 1. Firstly take Brush Tool, select Hard Round Brush from the Brush Preset Picker and set its Size to 8px. Grab Pen Tool in Path Mode and draw a path as you see on the screenshot below. It is not necessary your path to be absolutely identical to mine. You can create your own decoration and can use this and the following steps only as a guidelines.

STEP 23

Change the Foreground color to #fffda0, then right click on the Pen Tool Path (Pen Tool should be active), select Stroke Path, choose Brush for Tool and check Simulate Pressure.

This is how my first part of the decoration looks after applying the Stroke Path option. Press Delete key to get rid of the Path.

STEP 24

Now double click on Line 1 layer's thumbnail and firstly tick Drop Shadow Layer Style. Change only Distance and Size to 7px both and leave all other settings as given by default:

The second Layer Style to be added to Line 1 layer is this Bevel and Emboss:

Style: Inner Bevel

Technique: Smooth

Depth: 103%

Direction: Down

Size: 4px

Soften: 0px

Angle: 120 degrees

Use Global Light: checked

Altitude: 30 degrees

Gloss Contour: Cone-Inverted

Anti-aliased: not checked

Highlight Mode: Hard Light

Color for Highlight: #f83f06

Opacity: 100%

Shadow Mode: Multiply

Color of Shadow: #730886

Opacity: 70%.

This is how our first decoration will look after applying Drop Shadow and Bevel and Emboss.

STEP 25

Set Foreground Color to #20b503, then Create a New Layer above Line 1 layer and rename it to Line 2. Check if your Brush is Hard Round of 8px Size. Create another Path with Pen Tool and Stroke it with the green Brush.

Now we are going to add Blending Options to Line 2 layer. Firstly apply the same Drop Shadow you added to Line 1 layer- all settings by default except Distance and Size- both 7px.

The second Layer Style to be added to Line 2 layer is Bevel and Emboss. Insert these settings:

Style: Inner Bevel

Technique: Smooth

Depth: 1%

Direction: Up

Size: 4px

Soften: 0px

Angle: 120 degrees

Use Global Light: checked

Altitude: 30 degrees

Gloss Contour: Peaks

Anti-aliased: not checked

Highlight Mode: Hard Light

Color for Highlight: #f8ad0d

Opacity: 100%

Shadow Mode: Hard Light

Color of Shadow: #fa7821

Opacity: 100%.

Line 2 is ready with both layer styles added to it:

STEP 26

This time change the Foreground Color to dark purple- #71038a and Create a New Layer called Line 3. Place it above Line 2 layer as you see on the following screenshot, then draw a new Pen Tool Path and stroke it again with Hard Round Brush of 8px Size.

Now Copy the layer styles applied on Line 2 layer and Paste them on Line 3 layer. Open the copied Bevel and Emboss Layer Style and only change:

Depth: 11%

Contour: Ring

Color for Highlight: #f8d135

Color of Shadow: #57fae9.

On the screenshot below I have marked all these four changes with blue color.

STEP 27

Set your Foreground Color to vivid orange- #fd541d, Create a New Layer above Line 3 layer and call it Line 4. Draw a Path with Pen Tool then stroke it with the same brush used to stroke all previous paths and you'll get this result:

Now Copy the layer styles from Line 3 layer and Paste them on Line 4 layer. Change only these settings (marked with blue) in Bevel and Emboss box:

Depth: 1000%

Size: 3px

Gloss Contour: Valley-Low

Color for Highlight: #4bf8d1

Shadow Mode: Multiply

Color of Shadow: #7046fa.

STEP 28

Set Foreground Color to cyan- #4effea, Create a New Layer named Line 5- place it above Line 4 layer in Text Group. Draw a new Pen Tool Path then Stroke it with the same Hard Round Brush of 8px Size.

Now Copy and Paste on Line 5 layer both layer styles applied on Liner 4 layer.

Only change these settings in Bevel and Emboss box:

Depth: 205%

Size: 0px

Gloss Contour: Cone-Inverted

Highlight Mode: Screen

Color for Highlight: #ffffff

Shadow Mode: Hard Light

Color of Shadow: #000000.

This is how my lines decoration looks after drawing all paths and applying layer styles to them. If you have followed all my steps for Text and paths creation, you should get eight layers in Text Group: at the bottom of the Group is Text 1 layer, above it is Text 2 layer, then come five Line layers- from Line 1 to Line 5 and on the top of the Group is Text 3 layer.

Complete the Decoration of Your Warped Text Using Polygon Tool Shapes

You will finish the work on decorating your Text with adding two awesome floral ornaments which you are going to create with the help of Polygon tool.

You need to select Smooth Corners and Star options of the Polygon tool settings and also insert value for Indent Sides option. You can experiment with the values of these three options if you like in order to create really unique shapes.

Certainly drawing the floral ornaments only is not enough the magical final effect to be achieved. You have to add different Shadow, Colorful Radial Gradient, Glow, 3D Effect and Satin Layer Style to each of the flowers to colorise them and make them look embossed.

STEP 29

Create a New Layer placed between Background and Text Group. Call it Flower 1. Press Ctrl+G to Group it and rename the new Group to Decoration.

Now firstly Set Foreground Color to #55347d then grab Polygon Tool and in the Options Bar set its Mode to Pixels. Insert 7 for Sides then click on the gear icon, check Smooth Corners and Star options and Indent Sides By 70%.

Draw the first floral shape and move it so that part of it to be behind the second letter T.

Reduce Fill Opacity of Flower 1 layer to 60%.

In this step we'll start to add layer styles to Flower 1 layer. Firstly apply the same Drop Shadow which we added to the lines layers- change only Distance and Size to 7px both and leave all other default settings.

This time we are going to add Gradient Overlay to Flower 1 shape:

Blend Mode: Soft Light

Dither: unchecked

Opacity: 55%

Select Violet, Green, Orange Gradient

from the Gradient Picker.

Reverse: unchecked

Style: Radial type of gradient

Align with Layer: checked

Angle: 90 degrees

Scale: 100%.

Now tick Satin Layer Style and change its settings as follows:

Blend Mode: Color Burn

Color of Effect: #1fccdb

Opacity: 47%

Angle: 19 degrees

Distance: 11px

Size: 223px

Contour: Rounded Steps

Anti-aliased: unchecked

Invert: checked.

Apply also this Inner Glow Layer Style:

Blend Mode: Screen

Opacity: 33%

Noise: 0%

Color of Glow: #fff150

Technique: Softer

Source: Edge

Choke: 0%

Size: 21px

Contour: Rolling Slope-Descending

Anti-aliased: unchecked

Range: 50%.

Jitter: 0%.

Add also this Inner Shadow Layer Style:

Blend Mode: Color Dodge

Color of Shadow: #ffd4a5

Opacity: 75%

Angle: 120 degrees

Use Global Light: checked

Distance: 8px

Choke: 0%

Size: 169px

Contour: Linear

Anti-aliased: unchecked

Noise: 0%.

The last Layer Style to be added to Flower 1 layer is Bevel and Emboss. Insert the following settings:

Style: Inner Bevel

Technique: Smooth

Depth: 144%

Direction: Up

Size: 13px

Soften: 0px

Angle: 120 degrees

Use Global Light: checked

Altitude: 30 degrees

Gloss Contour: Cove-Deep

Anti-aliased: not checked

Highlight Mode: Soft Light

Color for Highlight: #ffb369

Opacity: 100%

Shadow Mode: Multiply

Color of Shadow: #f0ab33

Opacity: 66%.

You should get an awesome multicolored flower after applying all previously described Blending Options. Compare your result with my screenshot given for the next step.

STEP 30

Now Create a New Layer on top of Decoration Group and name it Flower 2. Change the Foreground Color to #4b598a. Take again Polygon Tool in Pixels Mode, but this time insert 8 for Size and Indent Size by 60%. Smooth Corners and Start options should be checked. Draw a floral shape part of which should be behind the first T letter. Lower Fill Opacity of its layer to 40%.

Copy the layer styles applied on Flower 1 layer and Paste them on Flower 2 layer. We are going to make only slight adjustments of some of the Blending Options.

At first don't change anything in the copied Drop Shadow:

In Gradient Overlay box only increase Opacity to 100% and choose Rust, Green, Gold Gradient from the Gradient Picker.

In Satin dialog box change these settings:

Opacity: 34%

Distance: 5px

Size: 50px

Contour: Ring-Triple.

Open Inner Glow Layer Style box, then increase Opacity to 100% and Size to 103px.

In Inner Shadow box change Size to 136px.

As for the last Layer Style- Bevel and Emboss- change its Size to 79px.

STEP 31

So long with the big Blending Options play. Our Warped Ornate Text is ready and to the right you can see the three groups of layers in Layers panel- Background, Decoration and Text.

STEP 32

This is my outcome shared in .jpg format. You can apply Filter, Sharpen, Unsharp Mask or Filter, Other, High Pass if you like to improve your final result.

Hope you learned something new from this tutorial. Thank you very much for reading and have a great day. :)

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • CorneliaMladenova profile imageAUTHOR

      Korneliya Yonkova 

      3 years ago from Cork, Ireland

      Thank you very much for the support, highly appreciated :)

    • dajine profile image

      Enijad 

      3 years ago from Kakanj, Bosnia and Herzegovina

      Another good guide about using Photoshop, I like

    • CorneliaMladenova profile imageAUTHOR

      Korneliya Yonkova 

      3 years ago from Cork, Ireland

      thank you very much for the nice comments, ladies :)

    • profile image

      twodawgs 

      3 years ago

      I have played with warped text, and love the possibilities. This is a great lesson on this subject, thanks for taking the time to write it up!

    • AudreyHowitt profile image

      Audrey Howitt 

      3 years ago from California

      I have photoshop and have no idea how to use it--I think I need to keep these tutorials handy somehow--

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)