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How to typeset i-Ching Trigram and Hexagram Symbols

Updated on December 28, 2010
I-CHING Trigrams and Hexagrams
I-CHING Trigrams and Hexagrams

% XeLaTeX can use any Mac OS X font. See the setromanfont command below.

% Input to XeLaTeX is full Unicode, so Unicode characters can be typed directly into the source.


% The next lines tell TeXShop to typeset with xelatex, and to open and save the source with Unicode encoding.


%!TEX TS-program = xelatex

%!TEX encoding = UTF-8 Unicode


\documentclass[12pt]{article}

\usepackage{geometry}                % See geometry.pdf to learn the layout options. There are lots.

\geometry{letterpaper}                   % ... or a4paper or a5paper or ... 

%\geometry{landscape}                % Activate for for rotated page geometry

%\usepackage[parfill]{parskip}    % Activate to begin paragraphs with an empty line rather than an indent

\usepackage{graphicx}

\usepackage{amssymb}


% Will Robertson's fontspec.sty can be used to simplify font choices.

% To experiment, open /Applications/Font Book to examine the fonts provided on Mac OS X,

% and change "Hoefler Text" to any of these choices.


\usepackage{fontspec,xltxtra,xunicode}

\defaultfontfeatures{Mapping=tex-text}

\setromanfont[Mapping=tex-text]{Hoefler Text}

\setsansfont[Scale=MatchLowercase,Mapping=tex-text]{Gill Sans}

\setmonofont[Scale=MatchLowercase]{Andale Mono}


\title{How to typeset i-Ching Trigram and Hexagram}

\author{Jim Sheng}

%\date{}                                           % Activate to display a given date or no date


\begin{document}

\maketitle


% For many users, the previous commands will be enough.

% If you want to directly input Unicode, add an Input Menu or Keyboard to the menu bar 

% using the International Panel in System Preferences.

% Unicode must be typeset using a font containing the appropriate characters.

% Remove the comment signs below for examples.


% \newfontfamily{\A}{Geeza Pro}

 \newfontfamily{\C}[Scale=0.85]{Arial Unicode MS} 

% \newfontfamily{\H}[Scale=0.9]{Lucida Grande}

% \newfontfamily{\J}[Scale=0.9]{Osaka}

 \newfontfamily{\iching}[Scale=1.15]{Apple Symbols}



% Here are some multilingual Unicode fonts: this is Arabic text: {\A السلام عليكم}, this is Hebrew: {\H שלום}, 

% and here's some Japanese: {\J 今日は}.

%and here's some Chinese: {\C 中文}


The I Ching, also known as the Book of Changes, Classic of Changes contains a divination system which includes 8 trigrams and 64 Hexagrams.



It might be obvious for TeXnician, not to mention TeXperts, but as for a newbie, its quite a struggle to figure out how to typeset these Chinese i-Ching (Yì Jīng {\C 易经}) divination symbols.


In this article, I assume you are using TeX Live on Mac OS X, because we need a special font Apple Symbols, 


{\iching ☰☱☲☳☴☵☶☷}


In TeXShop, Edit ->  Special Characters -> Divination Symbols. Double click the symbol to insert into your text.



\end{document}  

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