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Knitting Abbreviations.

Updated on March 7, 2013

A history of knitting in brief.

Knitting has been a popular hobby especially among women for many years and recently it has seen a rise in interest due to celebrities taking up the activity and a leaning towards home arts and crafts due to the recession.

Knitting as we know it today evolved from the time when ancient civilizations would create snares and fishnets, for the capture of animals for food. Knitting did not reach Europe until the 15th century, when it became an art.

Knitting in it's modern form was believed to have been invented in Scotland, where they introduced it to the people of France. Until 1598 all knitting was done by hand, before the time when clergyman William Lee invented a machine that knitted stockings, however he was not granted a patent by Queen Elizabeth I as she felt it would be of detriment to those who worked making hand made garments.

In 1758 Jedediah Strutt a British cotton spinner invented an attachment that fitted to the stocking frame that produced ribbed goods.

Isambard Kingdom Brunel's father Marc Isambard Brunel was the inventor of the tricoteur in 1858, this device was a circular knitting frame which was notable in it's time.

Matthew Townsend patented his latch needle that managed heavier yarn.

In 1864 William Cotton improved machines so that they were able to shape garments this was called the cotton system and in 1889 automatic knitting machines were introduced.

Knitting as a general hobby is done with two needles and involves wrapping yarn around them into stitches to create different garments. Depending on how you work the yarn or wool and what size needles you use will determine what styles you end up making.

Source
Abbreviation
Instruction
*
This is the indication of a repeat
approx
approximately
b
In the back of a stitch; Bobble
beg
Beginning
bh
Button Hole
bo
Bind off: Body gauge
col
Colour
con;cc
Contrasting colour
con
Cast on
cont
Continue
dtr
Double, treble, crochet
e
Every
ea
each
e(o)r
Every (other) row
est
Established
fol
Following
g-st
Garter stitch
kssb
Knit slip stitch through back
m
Make
mc
Main colour
mr
Mark row
ms
Mark stitch
odl
Or desired length
p
Purl
pat
Pattern
pfc
Present for Christmas
psso
Pass slipped stitches over
pu
Pick up
r(h)
Right hand
rem
Remaining
rep
Repeat
req
Required
rev
Reverse
rnd
Round
rs
Right side
selv
Selvedge
sk
Skein
skp
Slip, knit, psso
sl
Slip
ssk
Slip,slip,knit 2 tog
st(s)
Stitch or stitches
st st
Stockinette stitch
tbl
Through the back loop
tfl
Through the front loop
tog
Together
ws
Wrong side
x
Times
yb
Yarn back
yf
Yarn forward
yo
Yarn over

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    • wrenfrost56 profile imageAUTHOR

      wrenfrost56 

      6 years ago from U.K.

      Thank-you tirelesstraveler, good luck with your knitting in the future. :)

    • tirelesstraveler profile image

      Judy Specht 

      6 years ago from California

      Those abbreviation or the lack of understanding are the reason I don't knit. The yarn and the needles are stilling in the closet... Armed with your wonderful descriptions maybe I will make another attempt.

    • wrenfrost56 profile imageAUTHOR

      wrenfrost56 

      6 years ago from U.K.

      Thank-you Riverfish24 I very much enjoyed your hub on maths and economics. :)

    • wrenfrost56 profile imageAUTHOR

      wrenfrost56 

      6 years ago from U.K.

      Thank-you Mommiegee I have just done your 90's quiz, :)

    • Riverfish24 profile image

      Riverfish24 

      6 years ago from United States

      Interesting to read about the history of knitting. Its my new found hobby nowadays,so ..thank u!

    • Mommiegee profile image

      Mommiegee 

      6 years ago from Alabama

      I just started to knit so this was very helpful! Thank you.

    working

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