ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Organizing Graphic Design Files and Image Types | A Brief Overview from Graphic Design Schools

Updated on March 5, 2012

When it comes to organizing graphic design files and graphic design in general knowing your file types is just as important as being creative. One of the first things you will be taught in Graphic Design Schools are the following types for graphic images and where to use them. The type image format you use will impact where they can be applied. There are two different types of file formats - vector and bitmap drawing. Bitmaps are the most standard of the formats with each image comprising of individual pixels. Bitmap format are most commonly used with photographs and pictures that require subtle shading.

However the disadvantage with bitmap images occurs when you need to scale up the image, for instance like a billboard. When you scale up the individual pixels become more pronounced, leading to a jagged appearance. Hence the term Pixilated. There is a method to improve this using a technique called “anti-alias” which smoothes out the pixilation slightly; however your result will still be jagged appearance. You can further improve this through increasing the image resolution, the trade off is this is you will be making the file larger and therefore slower to load.

Graphic Design Images


Programs that create and edit these files are most commonly are Adobe Photoshop, Paint Shop Pro and Corel Photo Paint, with file formats consisting of BMP, GIF , JPEG, JPG, PNG, PICT (Macintosh), PCX, TIFF and PSD. The most commonly used of these formats for websites are GIF and JPEG, the former because of the capability to compress files and speed up loading time, the JPEG is useful as it allows a full range of colours.

Vector images are different because they are made up of paths. This makes the images much smoother and clearer. You can scales the image up and it will not lose its quality. True-type fonts are vector to ensure that they lose no quality with changes in size or resolution. It is for this reason that vector drawings are used for page layout and most if not all illustration. Vector is more mathematical and that is why there is no lose of image quality. Abode Illustrator is the most commonly used program and the file formats include .AI, .CNV .CDR

Another vector file benefits is that they're not limited to a rectangular object like bitmaps. Vector objects can be put over other objects, and the object below will show through. If the graphics software you are using can’t read native vector files the best solution would be to save them as an Encapsulated PostScript files or EPS. These are self-contained files which have the same mathematical descriptions as the vector files they came from. EPS files are supported by most all graphics software programs. It is the most portable format for this reason.

Hopefully this brief article makes the some what intimidating world of graphic file formats a bit clearer and if your graphic designer is of any quality then as soon as you mention a format you would like they will now know exactly what you are ask for and will be very impressed.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Anjo Bacarisas II profile image

      Anjo Bacarisas II 

      6 years ago from Cagayan de Oro, Philippines

      superb hub.. you did a very useful hub, keep hubbing!

    • AustinAmerica profile image


      8 years ago from North Bay, Cali

      Thank you for the basic and well written information.

    • MPG Narratives profile image

      Marie Giunta 

      8 years ago from Sydney, Australia

      Thanks MG, memories of design school come flooding back, cheers from MPG.

    • Merlin Fraser profile image

      Merlin Fraser 

      8 years ago from Cotswold Hills

      This is one of the reasons I love HubPages, an old Headmaster of mine said if you learn something new every day your time has not been wasted. Every day here on Hubs I do learn something new.

      All those file formats simply and clearly explained,

      ever thought of re writing all those annoying 'How To use/assemble' leaflets that fall out of all boxes ?

      Great Hub, enjoyable and informative.

    • nifty@50 profile image


      8 years ago

      Good information, thanks for sharing!


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)