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How the World War One Poppy Sculpture - Wave - Affected the UK

Updated on December 27, 2016
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Andrew has been writing for decades, publishing articles online and in print. His many interests include literature, the arts and nature.

A little girl next to the poppy sculpture Wave.
A little girl next to the poppy sculpture Wave.

Poppies and Sculpture

The poppy sculpture Wave has attracted many thousands of visitors since it was first created and displayed in Great Britain. People find the scarlet flowers a highly emotional symbol especially given the personal family connections - many lost loved ones in what is known as the Great war.

In the UK and around the world, poppies are a powerful symbol for those soldiers and others who died in World War 1. Each poppy represents a life, red for the blood sacrificed, the flower itself a reminder of the transient nature of human existence.

Each year at the end of the Remembrance Service held at the Albert Hall, London, many thousands of poppies fall from the ceiling, like red snow, to land in the hair and on the helmets and shoulders of those attending.

It's a poignant piece of quiet drama which reinforces just how important those lost lives were and are.

The Wave

I went along to see the sculpture for myself. It was on special display at the nearby Yorkshire Sculpture Park, a world class venue where many of the top artists exhibit.

But this installation was somehow different. This sculpture meant so much to so many. I wrote:

'The red wave of poppies becomes apparent as you reach the lakeside path and look up towards the bridge of the historic Lower Lake. Poppies sweep down into the water and the reeds, like a spillage of blood. These flowers signify the sacrifice of so many, those who gave their lives in what was to become known as the Great war.

Many millions from across the globe were killed, the majority young men. They gave the ultimate, many fighting and dying in the trenches of France and Belgium, often enduring horrific conditions.'

The artists involved are Paul Cummins and designer Tom Piper, both British. The work aims to give the public a chance to think about the affects of World War 1 and to create a dialogue. It's notable just how many people have been to see this installation; without doubt it's caught the imagination of the British public.

The Simple Poppy Flower

When the war was over and the fighting ended, in 1918, the battlefield areas of northern France had lost virtually all natural life. The soil had become so churned up, so pitted and so terrorised, plant life struggled to germinate. Only the corn poppy (Papaver rhoeas), a pioneer species, seemed to thrive.

Corn poppies love disturbed earth and grew quickly in the warm spring season that followed the end of hostilities. Vast areas gradually turned scarlet red, the only dark patches were where the fallen had been recently buried.

Poppies falling on Remembrance Sunday
Poppies falling on Remembrance Sunday | Source
John McCrae
John McCrae | Source

The Poem

Canadian soldier and surgeon John McCrae was so moved by the sight of the poppies that he wrote a poem, In Flanders Fields, also titled We Shall Not Sleep.

The last line of that poem reads, We shall not sleep, though poppies grow in Flanders fields.

This poem inspired two women in particular - Moina Michael, from Georgia in the United States, and Anna Guerin from France. Both were keen to help those who had fought and returned home from the Great War but equally they developed the idea of the poppy as a lasting symbol for the dead.

The first artificial memorial poppies were sold on the 9th November 1918, a couple of days before Armistice day, the official end of the war.

This idea, of wearing a poppy on the lapel to show support for the war dead, soon grew. Anna Guerin started to produce poppies in France and took them all over the world.

In 1921 the Royal British Legion, a charity formed to help needy soldiers, began the first poppy appeal, producing artificial poppies for a few pennies so people could wear them in remembrance.

This tradition continues.

Poppy sculpture at the Tower of London
Poppy sculpture at the Tower of London | Source


The Wave installation was inspired by an earlier work created at the Tower of London in November 2014. This was called Blood Swept Lands and Seas of Red, built by the same artists.

Over 5 million people came to see this impressive sculpture, overwhelming the organisers.

Each ceramic poppy in this work was 'planted' by a volunteer in memory of a life lost in the first world war. At the end of the exhibition some of the poppies were sold.

Useful Links

The American Legion:

The American Legion Auxiliary Poppy Program:

New Zealand Returned and Services' Association (NZRSA):

Poppyscotland Poppy Appeal:

Returned Services League (Australia):

The Royal British Legion:

Royal Canadian Legion Poppy Campaign:

Veterans of Foreign Wars Buddy Poppy Program (USA)

© 2015 Andrew Spacey


Submit a Comment

  • chef-de-jour profile image

    Andrew Spacey 2 years ago from Near Huddersfield, West Yorkshire,UK

    Thank you Anne, appreciate the visit and comment. The poppy is such a powerful symbol, delicate yet blood red.

  • annejantz profile image

    Anne Crary Jantz 2 years ago from Dearborn Heights, Michigan, U.S.A.

    Thank you so much for your Hub, Andrew. So moving and so beautiful. I've always loved Poppies, now I see why.

  • chef-de-jour profile image

    Andrew Spacey 2 years ago from Near Huddersfield, West Yorkshire,UK

    Thank you Genna, I appreciate your visit. Yes, this little flower is so powerful at this time of year. When you delve a little into WW1 you realise just how many young soldiers lost their lives.

  • chef-de-jour profile image

    Andrew Spacey 2 years ago from Near Huddersfield, West Yorkshire,UK

    Jodah, many thanks for the comment, appreciated. I know that many soldiers from Down Under were involved in both world wars and it's fitting that Australia should also have the poppy as a symbol.

  • chef-de-jour profile image

    Andrew Spacey 2 years ago from Near Huddersfield, West Yorkshire,UK

    Thank you Ann. These poppies are so powerful at this time of year. Its good for us to remember those who gave their lives, even better if we could just somehow learn from the wars that have been and nip them ni the bud before they even start through diplomacy and empathy!

  • Genna East profile image

    Genna East 2 years ago from Massachusetts, USA

    Andrew, this sculpture is amazing -- and so beautiful! I've never seen anything like it. It's correlation to WW I, and its symbolism are brought to life though this artistry. Thank you for sharing this with us.

  • Jodah profile image

    John Hansen 2 years ago from Queensland Australia

    What an amazingly beautiful sculpture and hub commemorating it and it's significance, chef. The poppy has exactly the same significance here in Australia. I would love to see this in real life. It must be incredible. Shared.

  • annart profile image

    Ann Carr 2 years ago from SW England

    I think the Wave is actually the one that was at the Tower, as they said at the time that several elements were going to be on tour; I'm not 100% sure of that though.

    It is beautiful and anything to do with poppies is so beautiful whilst poignant, a fitting reminder of the devotion of our soldiers and the futility of war as we come up to Remembrance Day once more.

    I went to see the installation at the Tower but they'd already taken down the Weeping Window; the Wave was there and was absolutely amazing. It inspired a hub from me too.

    Great hub!


  • chef-de-jour profile image

    Andrew Spacey 2 years ago from Near Huddersfield, West Yorkshire,UK

    Donna, thank you for the supportive comment. Although a relatively small installation, Wave is pretty powerful set there on the bridge and spilling down to the water.

  • purl3agony profile image

    Donna Herron 2 years ago from USA

    Wow, this is a really beautiful and thought-provoking sculpture. I had heard about the planning for it, but hadn't seen any photos of the finished piece. Thanks for sharing so much information about this moving sculpture!