ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Understanding How to Get Sharp Photographs

Updated on February 10, 2013
Photographer is in sharp focus while Walker is out of focus. The Walker is out of the focal plane of the lens and therefore turns out to be blurred.
Photographer is in sharp focus while Walker is out of focus. The Walker is out of the focal plane of the lens and therefore turns out to be blurred. | Source

Anyone can recognize a blurry photograph, but there are some photographs that are still pleasing to the eye even with blur. However, there are other photographs that are blurry beyond pleasure. Interestingly, elements of a photograph can be blurry and sharp simultaneously. By understanding the basics of shutter speed and aperture; manipulating your camera, you can harness your creative photographic skills and produce sharp photographs even with blur.

Reasons for Blurred Photos

Out of Focus Subjects

Blur is not the same in every case. Blur can be simply because that particular element in a photograph is out of focus. If this is the case, then another element will appear sharp. It’s just as if you are seeking to take a photograph of your friend in the park, but the trees turn out sharp while your friend is out of focus and blurred. This is like a misfired gun where the target is missed. To make sure that you don’t ‘misfire’ you may need to half press the shutter release button to allow the camera to lock focus on the subject of your intended focus. Once the focus is locked, you can fully press the shutter release button. In the same scenario as stated before, your friend will now be in focus while the background with trees will be out of focus and blurred. This is the effect that many portraits have -- a classic look.

The blurred background, often known as ‘bokeh’, is a signal of the focusing plane (or region of focus) being overstepped. Aperture has a big part to play in this, because a large aperture, for e.g. f/2.8 will have a narrower area of focus, otherwise known as Depth of Field (DoF) than an aperture of e.g. f/8. Whatever is sharp in your photograph will be within the(DoF), and whatever is blurred is outside the DoF and therefore out of focus.

Slow Shutter Speed

“A good workman doesn't blame his tools” is a quote I mention in harmless humor of new photographers who complain that their camera is not focusing correctly. Most of us photographers have been at that stage where we may fail to fully appreciate the importance of shutter speed. Slower shutter speed means the shutter will stay open longer. Therefore, a shutter speed 1/30th of a second will cause the shutter to stay open for twice the amount of time as a shutter speed of 1/60th of a second would cause. It’s also easier to introduce slight shaking of the camera when you use slower shutter speeds which may cause blurriness in photos. Now this kind of blurriness is your enemy. Unlike the case where one element is out of focus and blurry, while another element is sharp, camera shake will cause the entire photo to be blurred. The amount of blur is directly related to the amount of shake that you introduced at the time of pressing the shutter release.

How to Avoid Camera Shake

To avoid this mistake, you may use a faster shutter speed. But there are low light situations in which you may need to use an ‘uncomfortable’ shutter speed, i.e. a relatively slow shutter speed. In this case you need to pay more attention to stabilizing your camera while you take shots. Correctly holding your camera and lens is the first step. You may practice bracing techniques, using Monopods tripods or even using the image stabilization or vibration reduction feature if the lens you’re using has it. Read more about how you can reduce or even eliminate camera shake.

The Intentional Use of Blur to Create the Sense of Action/Motion

Blur is used by photographers to intentionally create the sense of motion. You may see images of racing cars that are sharp while the background is streaked. Panning is the technique used for creating this great effect. Yet again, you may see photographs where the background is sharp while a blurred something or someone is moving across the background. These techniques are particularly based on shutter speed -- actually using slow shutter speeds.


Capturing sharp photographs should be your aim, and therefore you have to be meticulous about how you use your shutter speed and how you stabilize your camera while taking shots. Everything doesn't have to be sharp in a photograph to be a good photograph. Actually, some of the best photographs have blur, whether motion blur or bokeh blur. However, your final image must have an element that is sharp.


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)