About Stanley Spencer - English Painter
Sir Stanley Spencer KCB CBE RA (1891 - 1959)
Find out about Sir Stanley Spencer - one of the most famous and most eccentric of English painters. He was a key figure in the development of Figurative Art in the UK in first half of the 20th century
For more information and about his life and work you can consult the various links below which:
- provide biographical information
- advise where you can see his paintings and drawings - in exhibitions, art galleries and museums and online
- read about Spencer and his paintings
- view videos about his paintings
Biography of Stanley Spencer
Timeline for Sir Stanley Spencer CBE RA 1891 - 1959
Stanley Spencer was an English Painter. His subject matter varied and ranged between war paintings; imaginative and religious subjects, landscapes and very occasional portraits.
30 June 1891: Born in Cookham, Berkshire
1907: Maidenhead Technical Institute
1908 - 1912: Slade School of Art, London (1910: awarded a scholarship; 1912: awarded the Summer Composition Prize). He was taught by Henry Tonks who recognised his talent from the very beginning. Fellow Students included Dora Carrington, Mark Gertler, Paul Nash, David Bomberg and CRW Nevinson. The latter took to calling him "Cookham" and he commuted to the School of Art from Cookham on a daily basis.
1912: Exhibited at the Second Post-Impressionist Exhibition
1915: worked as an Orderly with the Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) at Beaufort War Hospital (aka Glenside)
1916: volunteered for active service in Macedonia with RAMC; he was subsequently commissioned to be a war artist.
1919 - 1927: Member of the New English Art Club (NEAC)
1922 - Visited Yugoslavia with his future wife and her family
1925: Married Hilda Carline
1927: One man exhibition (his first) at the Goupil Gallery
1927 - 32: Lived at Burghclere, Hampshire (war paintings for Sandham memorial Chapel at Burghclere)
1932 - 38: Lived at Cookham
1932 - Became an Associate of the Royal Academy of Arts (A.R.A.)
1933: Visited Switzerland; Got an Honourable Mention, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh, 1933. ;
1935 - resigned from the Royal Academy after the rejection of two of his paintings
1940 - 1944 - Official War Artist - he painted a series of 8 paintings relating to the shipyards at Port Glasgow, the shipworkers and the local community
1945 - Returned to live in Cookham
1947 - Retrospective exhibition at Temple Newsam, Leeds
1950 - became CBE, A.R.A. and R.A.
1954 - visited China as a member of a cultural delegation
1954 - 1955 - Exhibition of drawings toured the UK - arranged by the Arts Council
1955 - Retrospective Exhibition at the Tate Gallery
1959 - Knighted - he became Sir Stanley Spencer
14 December 1959 - Died at Taplow
1962 - The Stanley Spencer Gallery was opened at Cookham in 1962
1963 - Memorial exhibition, Plymouth.
About Stanley Spencer - websites with biographical information
- Stanley Spencer - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sir Stanley Spencer KCB CBE RA (30 June 1891 – 14 December 1959) was an English painter. Well known for his work depicting Biblical scenes, from miracles to the Crucifixion and Resurrection, occurring as if in the small Thames-side village where he w
- Stanley Spencer : Biography
Biography of Stanley Spencer
- Sir Stanley Spencer | David Boyd Haycock - A Crisis of Brilliance
Some of his greatest works were painted whilst he was still a very young man, either just before or just after the start of the Great War. He would spend the rest of his life trying to recapture this blissful period.
Paperback: 406 pagesPublisher: Phaidon Press (March 10, 2000)Language: English
Stanley Spencer - by Keith Bell
This is the essential work of reference - it's a comprehensive catalogue raisonnee of the artwork of Stanley Spencer
Rated an average of:
- 4.6 out of 5 stars based on 5 customer reviews on Amazon.com
- 4.8 out of 5 stars based on 8 customer reviews on Amazon.co.uk
Hardcover: 192 pages
Publisher: Lund Humphries;
New edition edition (February 10, 2014)
'Stanley Spencer' by Andrew Causey
This book provides a comprehensive overview of Stanley Spencer's career. The author locates his art within the wider context of Spencer's set of values related to his spiritual, political and social world.
The author Andrew Causey was Emeritus Professor of the History of Modern Art at Manchester University. His expertise lies in 20th century art and he has contributed to catalogues for and organised exhibitions at a number of prestigious galleries in the UK. He's also the author of a number of books about modern British Artists - Henry Moore, Paul Nash, Edward Burra and Peter Lanyon. He died in 2014.
About Spencer's wives
- Hilda Carline - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hilda Anne Carline (1889–1950) was a British painter, daughter of the artist George Francis Carline, and first wife of the artist Stanley Spencer.
- Patricia Preece - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Patricia Preece (January 1894 – June 1966), English artist associated with the Bloomsbury Group and the second wife of painter Stanley Spencer, for whom she modelled.
- Lives Laid Bare / The second wife of the British painter Stanley Spencer wouldn't live with him - an
A celebration of sensuality that Spencer dreamed of hanging in a chapel venerating love and the life force, the paintings were made in the Berkshire village of Cookham in the mid-1930s, while his beloved first wife, Hilda Carline, was away in London,
The Stanley Spencer Gallery at Cookham
Stanley Spencer Gallery at Cookham
Biographer of London, Peter Ackroyd, heads upstream for Cookham on the Thames. It was once home of the 20th century artist Stanley Spencer, and Peter visits the gallery in the village dedicated to his work. From a 2008 film.
Location of The Stanley Spencer Gallery - The Kings Hall, High Street, Cookham, Berkshire, SL6 9SJ
Strictly speaking the gallery is now part of the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead!
You can also walk to the gallery from the railway station. The local station is on a branch line which connects at Maidenhead to the main Reading/Paddington line. This is the way that Stanley travelled up to London for his studies and for visits to art galleries and exhibitions
About the Stanley Spencer Gallery
Stanley Spencer Gallery | Winter Exhibition 2013-2014: Stanley Spencer in Cookham7 November 2013 - 13 March 2014
- Stanley Spencer Gallery Reviews - Cookham, Windsor and Maidenhead Attractions - TripAdvisor
Stanley Spencer Gallery, Cookham: See 7 reviews, articles, and 5 photos of Stanley Spencer Gallery on TripAdvisor.
Paintings by Stanley Spencer
Prior to 1922 - paintings did not belong to any particular series or theme
1916: Travoys Arriving with Wounded at a Dressing Station at Smol, Macedonia, September 1916 (now in the Imperial War Museum)
1924: Began paintings which reflect his experiences of the First World War - Resurrection: Cookham and the Burghclere paintings.
1933: Began ‘Pentecost’ scheme - including Sarah Tubb and the Heavenly Visitors, Villagers and Saints, Separating Fighting Swans
1935: Began Cana Scheme - The Marriage at Cana, Dusting Shelves, Workmen in the House, Love among the Nations
1936 -1938: Started a Couple painting scheme which included a growing emphasis on the physical aspects of love
1939: Began the Christ in the Wilderness series
1940: Began paintings of Shipbuilding on the Clyde. These were commissioned by the War Artists’ Advisory Committee.
Compare how the style of painting changes over the years as well as the look of the man
- Self Portrait (1914) | Tate Gallery
This is the first self portrait in oils. It has the look of an Old Master Painting.Self-Portrait (1914)Medium: Oil paint on canvasDimensions: support: 630 x 510 x 20 mm
- Self Portrait (1959) | Tate Gallery
This is Spencer's final self-portrait - painted in 5 days in 1959 and 5 months before his death in December 1959. The gaze is unflinching.
- Collection | Artists | SOLDIERS AT THANKSGIVING SERVICE | British Council − Visual Arts
SOLDIERS AT THANKSGIVING SERVICE 1918 Sir Stanley Spencer (1891 – 1959) Wash on paper squared up for enlargement
Paintings 1900 - 1920
- Sir Stanley Spencer Apple Gatherers 1912-3 | Tate Gallery
In 1939 Spencer said of this piece"This picture was my first ambitious work and I have in it wished to say what life was"Subject set by the Slade School of Art for Annual Drawing Competition
- Christ Carrying the Cross 1920 | Tate Gallery
This painting is one of a series of scenes relating to the Passion of Christ who carries the Cross down Cookham High Street. Net curtains resemble wings of people looking out the windows
Paintings 1921 - 1930
- The Resurrection, Cookham 1924-7 | Tate Gallery
The local churchyard in Cookham is the setting for the resurrection of the dead.On display at Tate Britain | BP Walk through British ArtRoom: 1910
Paintings 1940 - 1950
- Shipbuilding on the Clyde: Burners - Spencer, Stanley (Sir) (RA) - Google Cultural Institute
Spencer received a commission from the War Artist's Advisory Committee on 6 June 1940 to record the war effort by focusing on the shipbuilding industry. 'Burners' was the first of the shipbuilding works to be finished and was based on drawings made i
- The Resurrection: Port Glasgow 1947-5 | Tate Gallery
This is the central section of a large painting
- Collection | Artists | BLUEBELLS, CORNFLOWERS AND RHODODENDRONS | British Council − Visual
BLUEBELLS, CORNFLOWERS AND RHODODENDRONS 1945 Sir Stanley Spencer (1891 – 1959) oil on canvas
- Collection | Artists | PORT GLASGOW CEMETERY | British Council − Visual Arts
PORT GLASGOW CEMETERY 1947 Sir Stanley Spencer (1891 – 1959)
Paintings 1950 - 1959
- BBC - Your Paintings - Christ Preaching at Cookham Regatta
Date painted: 1954–1959Oil on canvas, 200.6 x 536 cmCollection: Long Term Loan to Stanley Spencer Gallery (Owned by Viscount Astor)
Artwork Online - in Collections
- Collection | Artists | Sir Stanley Spencer | British Council - Visual Arts
The British Council Collection of Stanley Spencer
Exhibitions of Artwork in the UK
There have been two major retrospective exhibitions Spencer's work in London in 1955 and 2001.
There have also been small exhibitions which have focused on particular aspects of his work - such as his paintings of gardens and his first world war paintings.
- Stanley Spencer: Heaven in a Hell of War : Somerset House
7 November 2013–26 January 2014Stanley Spencer’s paintings of his memories of his own personal war experiences are leaving their permanent home at the National Trust’s Sandham Memorial Chapel to be exhibited at Somerset House. This exhibition marks t
- Stanley Spencer and the English garden: Compton Verney
Stanley Spencer and the English garden25 June 2011 to 2 October 2011Focuses on Spencer’s gorgeous garden views and landscapes of the 1920s, 30s and 40s.
- Stanley Spencer | Tate
Stanley Spencer: Tate Britain: Exhibition22 March – 24 June 2001
- Stanley Spencer: a Retrospective Exhibition | Tate
Stanley Spencer: a Retrospective ExhibitionTate Britain: Exhibition 3 November 1955 – 18 December 1955
Paperback: 96 pagesPublisher: Paul Holberton Publishing; 1st Edition edition (15 Jun 2011)
Stanley Spencer and the English Garden - Essays by Keith Bell, Jeremy Gould and Martin Postle. Edited by Steven Parissien
I own this book - and thoroughly enjoyed it. I'm very sorry I missed the exhibition.
Rated 4.5 out of 5 stars based on 2 customer reviews
I had no idea Spencer had created so many paintings involving gardens. Apparently his paintings of gardens, houses and landscapes in and around Cookham proved to be the more popular of his paintings during his lifetime.
Exhibitions of Artwork in the USA
- Stanley Spencer: An English Vision | Exhibitions | Smithsonian
Hirshhorn Museum & Sculpture GardenSome 60 landscapes, nudes, genre prints, portraits, allegories, and social narratives by this British artist are on view.
Hardcover: 208 pagesPublisher: Yale University Press (October 20, 1997)
Stanley Spencer: An English Vision - by Fiona MacCarthy
Rated: 4.7 out of 5 stars based on 3 customer reviews
This book is the catalogue for an exhibition which travelled across the USA in 1997-98. It was displayed at
* the Hirshhorn Museum in Washington
* San Francisco.
War Art and the Sandham Memorial Chapel, Burghclere
Spencer was a War Artist during and after the First World War
Spencer's contributions to war art in the First World War mainly came towards the end and afterwards.
In the Second World War, Sir Stanley Spencer was commissioned during the War by the War Artists Advisory Committee. He was asked to paint the contribution made by the ship workers and created a series of 8 paintings of the shipyards and the various people who worked to build ships. His paintings also included the working class community of Port Glasgow
- War Art Schemes of the First World War | Imperial War Museums
The war art schemes developed by the British government during the First World War were an unprecedented act of government sponsorship of the arts. As the schemes evolved, they ultimately explored every aspect of conflict, from the violence of indust
- Travoys Arriving with Wounded Dressing-Station Smol Macedonia September 1916 (Art.IWM ART 2268)
Art.IWM ART 2268. image: A dressing station seen from an elevated position. Four travoys pulled by mules wait in line outside the dressing, station. Each holds a wounded soldier covered in a blanket and they are attended by medical orderlies
- Study 'Burners' - Burner Using Oxy-acetylene Torch (Art.IWM ART LD 1632)
Art.IWM ART LD 1632. image: squared sketch of a man facing away from the artist wearing goggles and using an oxy-acetylene torch. Small study, of hand lower right
- Study 'Burners' LD 422 (Art.IWM ART LD 1631)
Art.IWM ART LD 1631. image: sketch of the upper torso and head of a man in dungarees and flat cap wearing protective goggles and gloves and, holding an oxy-acetylene torch in both hands
- Study 'Welders' by Stanley Spencer - Welders Monday Afternoon May 1940 (Art.IWM ART LD 1629)
Art.IWM ART LD 1629. image: Squared sketch showing welders at work wearing welding masks and sitting on various tube shaped pieces of, metal
- Study 'Riveters' by Stanley Spencer May 1940 Brazier Bellows (Art.IWM ART LD 1626)
Art.IWM ART LD 1626. image recto: Sketch of mechanical bellows used to fan the charcoal brazier used by riveters to heat the rivets before, use, image verso: sketch of hand in a gauntlet and a sketch of machinery
About Sandham Memorial Chapel and Spencer's First World War paintings - Harts Lane, Burghclere, near Newbury, RG20 9JT
Sandham Memorial Chapel was built in the village of Burghclere, Hampshire, England. It is best known as the home of a series of paintings of the First World War by Stanley Spencer.
After the end of the First World War, Mary and Louis Behrend commissioned the chapel as a memorial to her brother Lieutenant Henry Willoughby Sandham. He died of malarial encephalitis in Macedonia - where Spencer also served - at the end of the First World War.
The chapel was built in the 1920s which is when the paintings were done. The fact that it contains Spencer's paintings now mean that it is rated Grade 1 Listed status by English Heritage.
The paintings represent his own experiences of the First World War. He served as a medical orderly with the Royal Army Medical Corps. Spencer served initial at Beaufort Hospital in Bristol, and subsequently served in Macedonia, first as a medical orderly and then as part of the infantry.
The National Trust accepted the chapel as a gift in 1947. The Chapel is closed for restoration works. The planned reopening date is the end of July 2014. The address is: Harts Lane, Burghclere, near Newbury, RG20 9JT
- MAKING A MARK: 'Stanley Spencer: Heaven in a Hell of War' at Somerset House
About the exhibition Stanley Spencer: Heaven in a Hell of War at Somerset House in the Strand in London - "Britain's answer to the Sistine Chapel" - until 26 January 2014. Paintings were exhibited while maintenance works were done to the chapel.
- Sandham Memorial Chapel | National Trust
World famous chapel containing Stanley Spencer's visionary paintings
- Sandham Memorial Chapel - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sandham Memorial Chapel From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
- Weekly Witter: The Behrends and art of the First World War | National Trust Press Office
The National Trust has a varied and stimulating schedule of events planned for the commemoration of World War I. It has given me the opportunity to look at our painting collections and their relevance to the Great War, although actually we have very
Hardcover: 208 pagesPublisher: Sansom (Acc) (July 5, 2007)
Stanley Spencer: Journey to Burghclere - by Paul Gough
This is the story of how he came to realise his experiences of the war - in the UK and in Macedonia - and how he came to spend most of the 1920s painting the interior of a chapel in Burghclere
Sandham Chapel Paintings - links to where you can see these online
All the paintings and drawings are by Sir Stanley Spencer, CBE, RA (Cookham 1891– Cliveden 1959)
- Highlights from Sandham Memorial Chapel, Hampshire | National Trust
a collection of drawings and paintings relating to the Sandham Memorial Chapel
- Convoy arriving with Wounded | Sandham Memorial Chapel
Convoy arriving with WoundedNational Trust Inventory Number 790176
- Scrubbing the Floor | Sandham Memorial Chapel
Scrubbing the FloorNational Trust Inventory Number 790177
See details of every online item in National Trust Collections and check the Places tab to plan your visits.
- Tea in the Hospital Ward | Sandham Memorial Chapel
Tea in the Hospital WardNational Trust Inventory Number 790189
Paperback: 80 pagesPublisher: National Galleries Of Scotland (July 29, 2006)
Men of the Clyde: Stanley Spencer's Vision at Port Glasgow
This book is about the paintings which Spencer was commissioned to make of the shipyards at Port Glasgow and Linlithgow. They depict the different trades and activities which come together to build a ship
Publisher: Imperial War Museum (1 Feb 2007)
Art and the Second World War
This book contains art from the Imperial War Museum Collection - including Spencer's Port Glasgow series
Auctions of Spencer's Artwork
Christ Preaching at Cookham Regatta: Conversation Between Punts (estimate 3-5 million). This painting belongs to the series painted in the 1950s, which explores the idea of Christ’s presence in his home town of Cookham
VIDEO: Sir Stanley Spencer: A Journey of Discovery - by Sotheby's TV
Cookham is a village lying next to the River Thames in southern England. It is the birthplace of Stanley Spencer and features in or is the background context for many of his paintings.
The house where he was born and lived lies very nearly opposite the local parish church which features in his paintings relating to religious matters
- Cookham - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cookham is a village and civil parish in NE Berkshire. It is notable as the home of the artist Stanley Spencer.
- Cookham Tourism and Holidays: things to do in Cookham | TripAdvisor
review of things to do in Cookham
Blog posts about Stanley Spencer and Cookham
- Travels with a Sketchbook in.......: Cliveden, Cookham and Stanley Spencer
I drew Fernlea, the birthplace and childhood home of Sir Stanley Spencer in the High Street (see top) before walking around the village to see various places which feature in his paintings.