ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Comparing Parthenon to Pantheon

Updated on March 14, 2016

While studying for my exam I came up with a small trick which helps me in reminding myself that Parthenon is situated in Athens, whereas Pantheon is to be found in Rome. The trick is as follows: word ''Athens'' contains no ''r'' and with the help of reversed logic we are going to match it with ''Parthenon'' (for it would make more sense if PaRthenon was situated in Rome), leaving us with ''Rome'' to be matched with ''Pantheon''. Bit later on, I have decided to collect data and make a (use)full study on the differences of the two, the following text is the very result!

To begin with, Greek architecture is one of columns and beams. It is important to know that Greeks, in dealing with the matter of architecture, do not use arches and non-flat ceilings. The very temple is built in form of a megaron- a so called ‘house for God’, basically a beginning point in developing other types of structures. At first, Greek temples were wooden, later to be replaced with stone. Also, there are three different types of Greek temples to be taken into consideration, as there are three different orders of ancient Greek columns- Doric, Ionic and Corinthian.

The Parthenon is an ancient temple dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena built in the 5th c. BC on the Athenian Acropolis. The Parthenon is considered a lasting symbol of ancient Greece and it’s ancient democracy, as well as one of the world's greatest cultural monuments. The temple is named after Phidias’ statue of the goddess Athena called "Athena Parthenos" (Virgin Athena) which was located in its central room. The epithet " Parthenos " was given to Athena after she made a testament, swearing to her father Zeus she will never have a lover. Chastity and sexual restraint are part of the qualities that were worshiped in her cult.

Longitudinal structure of two rooms and a rectangular outer layer of the pillars; at the foot of the stairs is a rise of the pillars composed of cylindrical drum with grooves (fluting), and a capital composed of echinus (circular pad) and the abacus (square plate)
Stepped platform on which the temple stands is not absolutely flat but slightly convex so that the central part of the temple seems higher (another optical illusion of the ancient Greeks)
The distance between the columns is not always the same, the distance between the last of the side pillars and its neighbour is less
The ultimate side pillars (placed in corners) slightly inclined inwards
Pillars are supporting the beam (architrave), above the architrave frieze is composed of triglyph (three vertical lines) and metopes (relief machined plates)
The whole temple is made of marble blocks fitting into each other without mortar, where necessary blocks are bonded with metal rivets

Roman architecture takes on basic elements of Greek architecture, which then further develops and adapts to own lifestyle and way of living. A big difference, compared to the Greek architecture, is the use of arcades , arches and concrete (used as a substitute for stone). The Romans have using the round arch come to the discovery of the vault (lining round arches in the same direction) and the dome (vault rotation of 360 degrees).

" Pantheon" is the name that was passed to us by a historian named Cassius Dio. He explained that the name literally means dedicated to " all the gods ", or as he also sensed, comes from the similarity of the built in vault with the heavens. Pantheon was built during the reign of Hadrian and Agrippa renewed it during the reign of August and hence the inscription on the front. The perfectly preserved Pantheon has survived several robberies, modifications and restorations. This is partly to be credited to Byzantine emperor Phocas, who gave this building as a gift to Pope Boniface VIII. in the year 608. He had transformed it into a church with the name of St. Mary of the Martyrs.

Built in porch that overlooks the square
High , isolated and visible cylinder above which rises the dome
The outer row of columns on the porch is made of eight gray granite monoliths erected on the base of white marble, and on top of them are Corinthian capitals
The columns in the internal order are cut from the pink granite and make three passes: a central passage leading to the door of the Pantheon is broader than the two lateral large niches where they once contained statues of Augustus and Agrippa
A central structure, which means that its ground plan is a circle or a geometric figure in which one can enter a circular
Two different parts, namely: a large central space which is domed and a rectangular porch

History Of The World Pt1

Ancient World Terry Jones


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Christine Dickens profile imageAUTHOR

      Kristina Penava 

      3 years ago from Croatia

      Oh thank you so much! I am an student of arts and the stuff I find fascinating I tend to share, knowing history means great deal for everyone, because you get this sort of a track on how and why today is what it is today. Glad you liked it :)

    • Chantelle Porter profile image

      Chantelle Porter 

      3 years ago from Chicago

      I know nothing about architecture but as a DIYer (word?) I really enjoyed the article. Thanks for sharing.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)