ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Donald Campbell - waterspeed record 4th January 1967

Updated on January 2, 2017

Waterspeed record

Donald Campbell was the only man ever to achieve both land and water speed records in the same year. In total he achieved eight speed records over nine years. For two whole months engine problems and bad weather had prevented Campbell from achieving the record. A new engine had been installed after early test trials had destroyed the previous engine. Eventually the bad weather cleared a record attempt was now inevitable.

Bluebird was a hydroplane designed and built by the Norris Brothers specifically for Campbell to achieve his dream of breaking the water speed record. Most racing boats were driven by propellers, Ken Norris’s solution was to fit a jet engine which would increase the propulsion to 200 mph. Campbell had already achieved his dream of breaking 276.33 mph on water, however he wanted to keep the record out of reach from the American’s whom he believed would take it from him. His sponsors had deserted him, but if he could break the water speed record again, he might get the funding he needed to build a rocket car and break the Land Speed record. The press turned their backs on him; critics thought that after 13 years the BlueBird craft would struggle breaking the next record. Instead of focusing on the negativity around him, Campbell a determined man like his father set his sights on achieving 300mph at Coniston Lake.

On a cold Wednesday morning on the 4 th January 1967, at 8:40 am, Campbell climbed into the BlueBird K7. It was a cold morning as the safety checks had already been carried out on the craft; spectators were lining up the banks of Coniston Lake, North England, to watch Donald Campbell many whom regarded him as a household name. Placing on his Helmut on and built in microphone he pulled the windscreen above his driving seat. Turning on the jet engine he proceeded to build up pace, Bluebird was once again speeding across the water. In order to break the record he had to make two runs in both directions according to the Swiss time keepers present that day. Campbell put his foot to the ground as BlueBird gained momentum across the lake. The safety team observing Bluebird kept in radio contact with Campbell as he attempted to accelerate passed 297 mph. So far everything was going well for Campbell overall. Bluebird had originally been fitted with a 200 mph engine, so with a faster engine Bluebird was now entering into the unknown. The course marshal gave the all clear for Campbell to make his second run, circling he began his return. Determined to push BlueBird even further he accelerated to the absolute limit on his second run. It was becoming evident to the safety team that Campbell was finding it difficult “I’ve got the bows out, I’m going out uhh”. Again reaching 310 mph, Bluebird’s head started to lift out of the water, for half a second it was airborne. Its engine cut out, flying 50 feet into the air, and then flipping over somersaulting then crashing into the water severing into two as it shattered in the water. Silence and horror descended amongst the spectators and a shocked safety team who had lost radio contact with Campbell. Bluebird was sinking fast to the bottom of the Coniston water; Police and Royal Navy drivers were dispatched, however after a long search of Coniston Lake neither Bluebird nor Campbell’s body were ever found.

Campbell was awarded a CBE and a plague was unveiled close to Coniston Lake.

34 Years Later

Bill Smith, an amateur diver from North Shields and owner of Newcastle engineering factory, headed up a team of volunteers and set out to search for the wreck of BlueBird at Coniston Lake. “We knew he went in with Bluebird and never came out”. Coniston Lake is 40 metres deep, so no one could be exactly sure were the wreck was or if she had sunk in the mud. After spending a considerable amount of time studying old film footage of Bluebird’s crash, he and the rest of the team repeatedly tried to look for clues. However even after pinpointing a rough area where BlueBird might have crashed left a huge area of the Lake to search. Smith and his team used the latest sonar and underwater cameras to search the entire lake to find the wreckage. It would be a painstaking task for Smith, which would take months and months of searching.

In October 2000, late at night Smith’s sonar spotted a large man made wreckage which he had not seen in Coniston before. He had found what he thought was the Bluebird wreckage, only a dive could confirm if he had actually found it. “I’ll never forget the first time I saw the Bluebird. “I’d only ever seen black and white photos and, as I shone the torch in the murky waters, I was struck for the first time that she was actually blue. “When we later saw that iconic British flag on the tail fin it was amazing. To fire up her engines once more shows the commitment of everyone involved.”

He contacted one of Campbell’s children, Gina Campbell who gave her consent to raising the wreckage from the dark depths of the lake. After re-assembling some scattered debris, Smith along with Steve Moss an accident investigator tried to determine the cause of the accident. Moss came to conclusion Campbell had time to apply the accident emergency brake on before crashing, indicating he must have known something was wrong however BlueBird did not crash into the water head on. The craft was hit by a massive side-ways blow. Which might explain why Campbell’s body wasn’t found anywhere near BlueBird. Norris believed the up and down sponsons from the Campbell’s first run lifted the nose of the boat out of the water. After Bluebird was lifted out of the Lake and transported to land, restoration began the engine had to be drained of water. Accessing the wreck also provided some ideas for the whereabouts of Campbell’s body.

Three months, on 26th May 2001, close to the crash site, 200 feet in 140 feet of water, again after using sonar Smith found Campbell’s body. The only way to defiantly confirm if it was Campbell was to make dive into the depths of the lake. The following day “We placed his body in a casket underwater and then lifted it ashore. It was a very emotional moment for every one present.” A funeral for Campbell was held at Coniston Cemetery close to St Andrew’s Church.

Search for BlueBird

The restoration project

For the past 16 years Smith and team of engineers have rebuilt BlueBird piece by piece, the lack of funding has been difficult task for everyone involved in the restoration. BlueBird was built with a 1967 Bristol engine, light aluminum alloy hull and small parts all of which had to be redesigned as they were now out of production.

The Lake District has given permission for early test trials of the newly built K7 Bluebird in 2017, after which the craft will go on display at the Ruskin Museum.

Comments

Submit a Comment

No comments yet.

working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)