ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

The Fine Art of Changing Your Oil

Updated on October 16, 2009

Changing Your Oil

Changing the oil in your engine, be it gasoline or diesel, should be done every 5,000 to 6,000 miles.The reason is that the heat of the running engine breaks down the oil and it loses it's ability to lubricate. Once that happens engine damage is sure to follow.

I really don't recommend doing this for a number of reasons.

First, it's extremely messy. After years of servicing cars I have not yet found a way to keep oil off of my hands, clothes and body.

Second, you have to dispose of the oil and if you don't have a recycling place near you that can also be a real problem. Used oil contains toxins so dumping it into earth will guarantee that section of ground won't grow anything for decades or longer. Used oil will also eventually seep into the earth and reach the water table; bad news for anyone drinking or using that water.

Third, it's dangerous since you have to have the car off of the ground, level to the ground, and have to crawl under the car to reach the oil drain. I don't know about you, but I don't fancy having 2,000+ pounds of metal directly over me supported only by car jack-stands. What if the jacks fail or the car slips off of them.

Heck, I didn't like being under a car on a strong hydraulic lift designed just for that purpose.

Still, knowing how to do this even if you never do is not a bad thing.

Click thumbnail to view full-size
Spin On type filterPaper Cartridge Filter
Spin On type filter
Spin On type filter
Paper Cartridge Filter
Paper Cartridge Filter
Spin On Oil Filter w/Gasket
Spin On Oil Filter w/Gasket

The Steps

First, I take absolutely no responsibility if you are killed or injured attempting an oil-change. As I say above, a one ton (or heavier) car will mash you flat if it falls on you.

If that didn't frighten you then, that said you should warm up the engine so the oil is warm and flows more freely. Just warm is good enough; a too hot engine will cause you burns and frustration. Once you've done that you want to;

  1. Raise all four corners of the car so it's level to the ground. Of course, the ground you are doing this on should be level too. Use jacks stands which do not move from their locked positions. Do not use tire jacks as they flex too much to support the weight of the car or truck safely.
  2. Acquire a six quart pan to drain the oil into.
  3. Acquire four to six quarts of oil depending on the manufacturers recommendation for your car.

  4. Acquire an oil filter that meets your engine manufacturers recommendations.
  5. Secure a wrench that fits the drain plug.
  6. Secure a wrench that fits the oil filter.
  7. Position the pan directly under the oil plug.
  8. Loosen the plug; it may be hot. If hot let the car cool a bit (fifteen minutes or so) and try again when it's just warm.
  9. Once loose you should be able to remove the plug unscrewing it completely by hand and then remove it. Try not to be under the oil pan when you do this or you'll be dressed in black oil.
  10. Let the oil drain completely. This may take ten to fifteen minutes.
  11. While waiting for the oil to drain completely, unscrew the oil filter. Be careful. This thing is full of oil too and you could end up wearing the oil in the filter too. Once the filter is off put it in the same pan with the drained oil.

  12. Before screwing on the new oil filter rub a little fresh oil on the rubber ring on the filter. (see photo) This will ensure a good seal.
  13. Do not over-tighten the oil filter as this can damage the rubber ring. Hand tighten and then 1/4 turn after that with a filter-wrench is enough.
  14. Replace the drain plug. As with the filter do not over tighten the plug. 1/8 to 1/4 turn after hand tightening should be plenty.
  15. Lower the car to the ground and make sure the parking brake is set.
  16. Add oil to the engine. After the recommended number of quarts remove the dip-stick, wipe it clean, replace the dip-stick, wait thirty seconds and then remove the dip-stick again to check the oil level.
  17. Now, run the engine for about five to ten minutes. This will cause the fresh oil to circulate and fill the empty oil filter.

  18. Shut off the engine, wait about ten minutes (for the oil to run back to the pan) and check the oil level again. It should have dropped slightly due to the oil filling the formerly empty oil filter. Add oil until the level registers between the two holes on the dip-stick.
  19. Do not overfill the engine with oil. This is as bad for the engine as too little oil.

Oil should be changed every 5,000 to 6,000 miles! Changing your oil more often is a waste of oil, your money, and simply adds relatively good oil into the national pool of waste oil. In other words unless you are an off-road racer changing your oil more often is a waste of money.

Since many places will do this for you for between twenty and thirty dollars, including the price of the fresh oil, it's hardly worth the effort, trouble, risk, and mess.

Still it's an easy, if not dangerous job, and the sense of gratification is far better than $20 ~ $30.

Disclaimer

Anyone following the above steps should exercise extreme caution. Cars are quite heavy and their weight can easily break bones or kill. The author assumes no responsibility toward the reader of this hub regarding personal safety or simple common sense.

The author, LiamBean, does not own stock or other holdings in any of the companies mentioned in this article. LiamBean has not been compensated monetarily, with free products, or discounts on those products mentioned in this hub.

Comments

Submit a Comment

  • LiamBean profile imageAUTHOR

    LiamBean 

    7 years ago from Los Angeles, Calilfornia

    pricehunter: First, thanks for reading. You are right of course, but some of us are under severe financial strain. Changing oil is cheaper if you do it yourself. But as I say in the article it's also dangerous.

    Of course, with recycling and environmental responsibility in mind, I also point out that disposing of the oil is problematic.

  • pricehunter profile image

    pricehunter 

    7 years ago from Colorado

    If you call around you can find an oil change as cheap as $15 and if you add a coupon to that the savings can really add up. Just seems like its less expensive and easier to do it that way. Who knows the way things are going maybe we will all start doing our own oil change. http://cheapoilchanges.net

  • LiamBean profile imageAUTHOR

    LiamBean 

    9 years ago from Los Angeles, Calilfornia

    Nicomp: Thanks for your comment. Yes, this is true enough, but too often the manufacturer specs leave out the quantity in the filter. This could be a half to full quart of oil. This is the only reason I recommend checking it that way.

  • nicomp profile image

    nicomp really 

    9 years ago from Ohio, USA

    You don't have to add new oil in two steps. After draining the pan and replacing the filter, simply add the amount recommended by the vehicle manufacturer. Look in the Owner's Manual.

working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)