Administration in Yemen: the Bitter Truth
Administration and its Importance
Well administrations and their intellectual administrators in all industrial nations—and other developed countries—form the essential cornerstone in the prosperity, progress, and continuance of these countries and their economics. The process of building such administrations requires a lot of time, planning, effort, willpower, and also honesty. For example, it is known that Malaysia has experienced rapid economic growth in the late 1950s and become one of the leading industrial countries in Asia due to its strong national administration leaded by faithful Malaysians who were supported by savvy and hardworking Chinese and Indian experts.
What about Administration in Yemen?
In Yemen, it is clear to say that there is a seminal type of administration subsisting in both public and private sectors and supported by its administrators but with many obvious differences to other regional and international nations. Working in Yemen as a civil servant for more than a decade let me actually live the real episodes of Yemeni administration with its different stages and levels. This has made me certainly convinced that the key problems which hinder the Yemeni multiform progress in different fields mainly exist in Yemen's very weak and fragile administrative system per se and in those who administer and control this system.
On the other hand, if we would talk about numbers and other real situations in Yemen, we can say that it is a shocking truth to know that more than 54.5% of the Yemeni people all over the country in 2012 were living below the poverty line. This number increases year after another according to the World Bank due to the harsh economic situations caused be instability and frequent civil wars in the country. Among other similar facts are the high population growth rate in Yemen which is around 3.42% and the illiteracy rate which is about 32.4 percent in 2013. These pointers reflect to us the palpable unawareness and inexperience of Yemeni current administrations and those who administer them. They reflect also the urgent necessity for those administrators to be well educated in order to understand more about the four main functions of management (i.e., planning, organizing, influencing, and controlling) and other contemporary managerial concepts.
Main Differences between Administration and Management
- Management is the act or function of putting into practice the policies and plans decided upon by the administration.
- Administration is a determinative function, while management is an executive function.
- Administration makes the important decisions of an enterprise in its entirety, whereas management makes the decisions within the confines of the framework, which is set up by the administration.
- Administrators are mainly found in government, military, religious and educational organizations. Management, on the other hand, is used by business enterprises.
The Bitter Truth about Administration in Yemen
The bitter truth which is clear for each person living, studying, working, trading, or even touring in Yemen—and for those Yemenis who silently and compellingly repress their sufferings—that the main part of the failure in many systems is caused by its shaky administration and its ill-equipped administrators in field. It is a general feeling which can be lived with in the whole country that there are several hidden powers that deliberately work behind the scenes towards keeping Yemen as it is. This includes keeping Yemen in its long-lasting backwardness and poverty; briefly in its long and powerfully controlled hibernation.
Since achieving the reunification of Yemen between the two main powers in the North and in the South after the secession war taken place in 1994, several governments worked and tried to reform the economic and social situations there. These governments might have made slight progress and saved Yemen from separation into two states but they absolutely failed in developing the situations of poverty-stricken Yemeni people. At the same time and to be fair, an observer should not generalize this feeling and skip some successful examples of administrations and administrators in the government and also in the private sector. They have made success in their administrations but the impact was very scant and those who have benefited from these administrations were very limited in the society.
QUICK FACTS about Yemen and its Economy
• Population: 26.7 million
• GDP (PPP): $61.8 billion
0.9% 5-year compound annual growth
$2,316 per capita
• Unemployment: 17.2%
• Inflation (CPI): 11.1%
• FDI Inflow: $-133.6 million
Personal Views on Reforming the Yemeni Administration
In my modest opinion, I think that many defected administrations in Yemen need to firstly respect the Yemeni people with its diverse social classes and groups. These administrations should educate their administrators in special courses about ethics and management and their related contemporary fields. They also need to largely be honest with themselves when they learn and make real comparisons with others' successful regional and international administrative systems. This would give them a clear vision about the weak points existed in their administrative systems within the country and how could they develop these systems. In addition, unqualified fresh administrators, managers, and officials or those who get their positions by personal and familial relations (i.e., nepotism) or by having dubious academic backgrounds should instead enhance their technical, managerial, and administrative faculties. They should also learn how to really be patriotic, how to love their country, and how to faithfully work for improving the difficult economic and social situations of the Yemeni downtrodden people.
Would Yemen have a BETTER administration in the near future?
Would Yemen be a More Highly-Regarded Country in the Future?
Once more, I think that if Yemen wants to be a more respectable country in the region and in the whole world, its administrators should make a peaceful revolution against their unstable administrative systems. This revolution could be implemented by establishing a robust, strategic, and state-of-the-art administration in all fields. This revolution should be supported by well-qualified, conscientious, patriotic, and principled officials, managers, and administrators. Regrettably, this type of needed officials vanishes in the crowds of other unprincipled officials and administrators who currently administer and control a lot of pivotal positions in the country and this really complicates the whole problem of the administration in Yemen.
I want to be actually upbeat and say that it is believable that the day Yemen will surmount its intricate problems concerning administration will come sooner or later through its faithful people themselves and through no one else. It is believable also that Yemen will be in the future one of those modern and very respected countries in the world. Maybe this would not happen in these near-term decades or in the period of our present lives but it may happen in the coming time ahead. No one really knows what the future does keep for this unique republic in our beloved globe but all really know that something should be changed about its administration and this would be the only solution.