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How to write an effective resume

Updated on June 27, 2013

Writing a resume can at first seem like a daunting task. What do I put it in? What do I leave out? What will my employer think? Is it enough? Is it too little? A strong resume should be simple to read and follow, relevant, honest and most importantly it should stimulate interest.


What is a Resume

Before you begin writing your resume, you must understand what it is, and just as importantly – what it isn’t. Below are some common misconceptions about resumes you should know.

A resume will get you the job you want – In reality, all a resume can do is get you an interview.

Your resume will be read from the beginning to the end – Similar to a publisher looking for a new author, an employer looking for an employee will only read the first few lines, and if they’re interested they’ll read on.

Write as much as you can about yourself – The employer will only read a fraction of your resume. A resume is not a test of how well you can write about yourself, but how well you can sell yourself. A typical consumer buying a product does not want to know where it comes from or how it was made – they want to know what benefits it offers. Why should I buy this product? Why should I care? Likewise an employer wants to know why he/she should hire you.

What should I put in my resume?

Your resume should list your name, contact details, email, a summary (why are you applying for the job?) education, job background, past qualifications/achievements and skills & hobbies, in this order. Although this is the typical amount of information you’d be asked to provide, you may be asked to provide additional information from your employer.

How do I make my resume relevant to my employer?

The world is constantly changing. People are changing and therefore careers often change as well. Yours is no exception. Hence it’s important to keep your resume up to date. You should always start with your most recent achievements, education history, or work experience and work your way down.

Remember, you don’t need to write every job you’ve been in or every award you’ve won, only those that would relate to the job you’re applying for. For example: If you’re applying for the position of a head chef in a prestige restaurant, you do not need to mention that 10 years ago you’ve won 2nd place in a hot dog eating contest. Not only is 10 years ago a long time, but eating hot dogs and the ability to cook high quality food is hardly related and therefore is irrelevant.

Be Honest

As a rule of thumb, if you wouldn’t say it at an interview, don’t say it in your resume. Don’t say you’re a great leader, when you’d rather let someone else make the decisions. Don’t say you’re highly reliable when you’re always late. You’re only fooling yourself, and your future boss will see this when you come to do the job and can’t live up to your promises.

Be Professional

Once you’ve finished your resume, read over it, proof read it, and fix any spelling errors and grammar mistakes. Today almost every job requires good communication skills. The resume is the first test of your ability to communicate. The second is the interview.

When you’ve proof read your resume and you’re happy with it, get someone else, a family member, friend, that guy on the street, to read it for you and give you some feedback. This step is crucial, for you can easily overlook silly mistakes others can pick up quite easily.

How do I stimulate interest in my resume?

Like I said earlier on, the employer is likely to read only the first few opening lines of your resume – meaning your summary, so this is where you must get their attention. A summary should be a short paragraph describing why you are applying for the job.

Before attempting the summary, read carefully what the employer wants from you, and the responsibilities he expects of you, should you get the job. This way you get a good idea what time of person the employer is looking for, and what personal qualities (e.g. leadership, communication skills, and independence) he/she needs to have to be successful in the job. Make sure to include these in your resume!

Writing a strong summary will also help you prepare for the ever so famous interview question “Why should we hire you?” If the question pops up, and I guarantee it will – refer to your summary.


Sell Yourself!

A resume is one of the most important things you’ll ever write, and re-write as you advance in your career and apply for new jobs. A resume is a form of self- advertising, so treat yourself with respect. Avoid spelling errors and grammatical mistakes at all cost.

Give yourself time to write your resume and get others to proof read it for you and provide you with valuable feedback. Be honest, show the employer why he/she should hire you, and good luck for the interview.


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    • profile image

      Mark Perrigon 5 years ago from Brentwood, TN

      If you struggle getting your resume tailored to your industry there are many services available on the internet which can be very helpful in reviewing and updating your resume to help you land interviews. Resume building websites can save you from hours of trying to get the perfect format for your resume allowing you to concentrate on the content.

    • Dancilla profile image

      Priscilla 5 years ago from El Paso

      This is a great hub. Having a good resume is worth it and this is very informative to help me improve the one that I have already. Thanks!

    • Kiwi Max profile image

      Max Zvyagintsev 5 years ago from New Zealand

      Hi Hazel,

      It's awesome to hear you that you liked the hub :)

    • hazelwood4 profile image

      hazelwood4 5 years ago from Owensboro, Kentucky

      Thank you for sharing such an informative Hub on, How to write a winning resume.:) You have some awesome tips and tweaks in the article!

    • Kiwi Max profile image

      Max Zvyagintsev 5 years ago from New Zealand

      Thanks for the warm welcome MPG.

      It's great to hear that you enjoyed the hub - it's very important to me as a writer to hear my work is being read and thought well off :)

    • MPG Narratives profile image

      Marie Giunta 5 years ago from Sydney, Australia

      G'day, welcome to Hubpages Kiwi Max, and a great start too. Voted up and useful, these tips on what a resume actually does are great, every job hunter should be reading this.

    • Kiwi Max profile image

      Max Zvyagintsev 5 years ago from New Zealand

      Thank you, Alocsin.


    • alocsin profile image

      alocsin 5 years ago from Orange County, CA

      Thank you for posting this. It's extremely valuable in these times of economic uncertainty. Voting this Up and Useful.

    • Kiwi Max profile image

      Max Zvyagintsev 5 years ago from New Zealand

      Thank you everyone for your lovely comments. It's great to hear and encourages me to write more hubs like this one!


    • Ardie profile image

      Sondra 5 years ago from Neverland

      Aahh that dratted resume. I just cant seem to make mine look good or to keep it updated :) You have a lot of very useful information here that I will take to heart next time I am printing and mailing my resume. Welcome to HubPages!!

    • Sherry Hewins profile image

      Sherry Hewins 5 years ago from Sierra Foothills, CA

      Thanks for pointing out a fact that should be obvious when writing a resume. The purpose of the resume is to convince the potential employer that you are right for the job. Keep your eyes on the prize.

    • Pearldiver profile image

      Rob Welsh 5 years ago from Tomorrow - In Words & NZ Time.

      Nice effort first up Kiwi... this article may well be one of the most important things you have ever written. Kudos to you for starting as you mean to carry on in an international writing site.

      I really like your accent and hope at some point that you may consider explaining to the world, what Marmitegeden could potentially mean to those who are planning executive lunches! Thanks for sharing your voice and promoting the talents of DownUnder.. take care.