Concept Of Organizational Behavior
Organizational Behavior is the study and application of knowledge about how people behave individually and in groups.
The main purpose of OB is to build better relationships by
· Achieving Individual objectives
· Achieving group objectives
· Achieving Organizational Objectives
· Achieving Social Objectives
Talcott Parsons defines organization as a social unit which is deliberately constructed or reconstructed to seek specific goals
1. Division Of Labor
Equal distribution of work according to an individual’s qualifications, capacities, interests etc.
2. Presence of one or more power centers
There must be some people who control and coordinate the various functions and activities aiming for the smooth functioning of the organization
3. Substitution of Personnel
There should be a provision for the Substitution of people by new employees in case of poor performance, retirement, accidents etc.
The Study OB is done on two platforms
1. Micro: Deals with the individuals and groups
2. Macro: Deals with organizations at large
Importance of Organizational Behavior
OB helps managers to understand and manage human behavior at their workplace
1. Understanding Self and Other
2. Motivation of Human Resource
Ob helps managers identify the needs of various employees which helps in motivating them with the right kind of rewards.
3. Effective Communication
Communication is important at various levels in the organization for its proper functioning. Good communication can create wonders while poor communication can lead to blunders.
OB helps in learning how to communicate formally and informally with individuals and groups.
4. Effective Organizational Climate
OB stresses upon creating a healthy climate comprising harmonious inter-personal relations, hygienic working conditions, fair and adequate compensation, better and safe operation equipment, effective leadership, employee participation etc.
5. Good Human Relations
OB strives to make and maintain harmonious interpersonal relationships
It provides directions over how to deal with employee relations and problems in various situations. It helps understand different motives of different individuals and ways to control them.
6. Introduction to Change in Organization
Change is the law of nature and is inevitable. Dealing with human resistance is the toughest job for a manager. Ob guides them on how to cope with such resistance by adopting different techniques for timely and smooth introduction of change.
Have You Come across the subject OB?
The study of OB can benefit an individual in becoming a more efficient and productive manager, leader and innovator. Therefore it must not be neglected in management studies. It helps in analyzing and studying the psychology of management.