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Employee Benefits - UK Laws & Legislation
In the UK there are minimum benefits that employers must conform to and follow legislation, in order to ensure that employees are well looked after, treated fairly, and respected in the best possible way. Below are the employee benefits that have been introduced through legislation. This information is correct dating from 2009, but is likely to change in the future.
Time off for dependants - This is part of the employee rights act from 1996. Unpaid leave must be given to an employee as long as the request is deemed reasonable. This is valid when a dependant falls ill, dies, has a baby, needs attention regarding schooling issues, lack of care, or is injured, attacked or assaulted.
Parental Leave - From the Maternity and parental leave reguations of 1999 - A parent who has a child under the age of 5 is able to take up to 13 weeks unpaid leave and is still guarenteed to return to the same job unless made redundant. You must have worked for the company for 1 year to gain this benefit. A parent of a disabled child is entitled to this benefit up untill the disabled child is 18 years old.
Minimum Wage - National minimum wage act of 1998. This is a minimum amount per hour that ensures employees are not being exploited and paid too little for their work. The minimum wage tends to grow with inflation.
Maternity & Paternity Leave / Pay - Both benefits are from the employment act of 2002. For maternity an extra 26 weeks unpaid leave is available on top of paid maternity leave. Paid maternity leave is 39 weeks and should be paid by the employer,providing that 6 months has been worked previously by the employee. Pay should be 90% for 6 weeks and then a minimum of £113 per week for the remaining 20 weeks. As long as kept an employee is to keep in this time frame, they are guarenteed the same position when returning back to work. Paternity leave is granted for 2 weeks leave, which is paid atthe same rate as the end of maternity at £113 per month as a minimum. Ante Natal Care - As a mother you are entitled to paid time off for ante natal care and treatment.
Adoption - 26 weeks unpaid leave is available for an employee who adopts, proiding they have been with the company for a minimum of 6 months. From the employment act 2002.
Holiday - The minimum holiday entitlement for all employees is 28 days including bank holidays. From working time regulations.
Flexible working - Flexbile working is a benefit that applies to a number of different situations and legislations. Flexible working legislation is made up from the employee act 2002, work and families act 2006 and the employment rights act of 1996. There are different possibilites for all different types of people, and you should research your particular case in more detail if you are considering flexible working.
Public Duties - Employment rights act of 1996 states that reasonable unpaid time off should be granted for public duties. Examples of public duties include, health authorities and local authorities. Jury service is a public duty that must be done unless exemption is applied for.
Statutory Sick Pay - From the statutory sick pay act of 1994, an employer is responsible for paying SSP for up to 28 weeks in total.
Trade Unions and time off - Employees who are members to the trade union are allowed time off during work time for reasonable trade union duties. This should be paid during work time. From the TULCRA act of 1992.
Redundancy Pay - From the TULCRA act of 1992 - Employees are entitled for consultation to take place within before any redundancies are made. The more people that are being made redundant, the more time the employer must give. Between 20 and 99 redundancies wil require a minimum of 30 days consultation, whilst a higher number 100 plus, must be consultated over a 90 day period. Statutory redundancy pay differs with age. The older you are the more redundancy you will receive. An employee should be allowed reasonable time off to look for another job.
Hope this hub has cleared up any questions and issues you might have been facing in the work place!