ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

How to Help People Find a Job - Ages 18 to 80

Updated on February 28, 2015
Training and education in the past for unemployment. This may be a child and child labor laws were enacted to prtected those like her. This is a picture of sewing work from Department of Labor Wirtz Labor Library (public domain),
Training and education in the past for unemployment. This may be a child and child labor laws were enacted to prtected those like her. This is a picture of sewing work from Department of Labor Wirtz Labor Library (public domain),

Hubber Elliekf51 asked if America's youth, ages 18 - 24, should be given priority for employment opportunities over other age groups in the country.

Workforce Development Services by Age

Hubber Elliekf51 asked if America's youth, ages 18 - 24, should be given priority for employment opportunities over other age groups in the country.

The truth is that federally sponsored work-related money is sent down to the US States and then to individual counties within those states for assessment, job search, job placement, and job training programs within a workforce development system. This system is often combined with the local county jobs-and-family-services or cauldrons-services entities and this amalgam occurred after the Job Training Partner Ship Act (JTPA) funding expired in the late 1990s. Today, the primary funding for these work related measures originates with the WIA or Workforce Development Act and is boosted by the ARRA or the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009. Before JTPA, there was CETA and MANPOWER, and perhaps one other federal program.

For several decades since the 1960s at least, specific work related services have been offered to:

  • Youth: ages 14 - 24, inclusive. First off, many of these programs require some "at-risk" qualifications to participate, such as low income level, lower English reading/math achievement levels, and any from a long list of others. A certain number of qualifications from the list usually need to be met.

The programs can entail individual Assessment, Work Readiness, Math/Reading Enrichment, hands-on Science project learning, other classroom and field education, Internships, Summer Employment, year-round after-school employment, specific job training and permanent job placement, and several others, depending on the county offering services and the ages of youth involved.

  • Seniors: Ages 55 and older. Similar services as those for Youth are often available to Senior Citizens. A certain income level is sometimes required. Some of the best cities for finding senior employment are in Texas.
  • Veterans - Specific job related help is available to veterans, just as it is for Youth, but in fewer categories.
  • Displaced Homemakers - Usually this entails similar services for women that have never worked outside the home and are left widowed or divorced,without adequate income and work skills.
  • Non-Custodial Parents- Job related services, including education, have been offered to parents that do not have custody of their children and this includes those in jail or prison. Certain income levels may be required required for this programming.
  • Others - Individual counties may target other groups, such as Somali refugees, Hispanic immigrants, and several other groups.

What about other adults ages 25 - 54?

Secretary of Labor Hilda Solis
Secretary of Labor Hilda Solis | Source

WIA Services Available to All

Every county in every state in America should be offering WIA-funded job assistance, either alone or in conjunction with a group of other specific counties in a state. These arevices are available to all adults not continaed in the special groups listed above, and this includes all adults ages 25 - 54.

Of the services offered by WIA Career One Stops and other programs that may be operating under related grant funding, some are continuing more easily and farther into the future after receiving Stimulus Funding 2009 - 2012. Check with your locla One Stop for the help that you require.

FIRST

You can find out about services in your area at a local Career One Stop invia the link in the left sidebar at http://www.careeronestop.org. You will be led to a page on which you ill search by US State and zipcode. For example, in my city, we have two major centers: Job Leaders and COWIC/Job Leaders.

Some individuals do not enjoy the thought of using a government sponsored career site online or in person for any number of reasons. However, I can attest to the fact that such centers have helped me in the past to find good employment.

In addition, these Career Centers can offer immediate help with Unemployment Benefits, Healthcare, and the problems of coping with job loss. A special program for Autoworker Re-Employment is offered as well. Check with your individual County One Stop Center. If for some reason, you cannot find it, call your town's City Hall and ask the office of the Mayor or City manager for help with finding the information.

SECOND,

Job seekers can learn more about the WIA at this link for the US Department of Labor, Education & Training section.

THIRD,

In your own particular state and county, ask about the following WIA Services:

Core Services

  • Eligibility Determination
  • Outreach/Intake
  • Assessment
  • Career Training Information
  • Job Search/Placement and Career Counseling
  • Labor Market Information

Intensive Services

  • Comprehensive & Specialized Assessment
  • Diagnostic Testing - relates to finding and retainin employment.
  • Employment Barrier Evaluation
  • Individual Employment Planning & Counseling
  • Career Planning
  • Case Management
  • Pre-vocational services
  • Out-of-area Job Search
  • Relocation
  • Educational Remediation
  • Internship
  • Work Experience

Training Services

  • Occupational Skills
  • On-the-Job Training (OJT)
  • Cooperative programs between worksites and education
  • Upgrade skills training
  • Entrepreneurial
  • Job Readiness (Work Readiness or Soft Skills)
  • Customized services

US Department of Labor

(public domain)
(public domain)

Other Measures

While job seekers can avail themselves of the services offered locally by the WIA, they can still use other sources for job search. This includes the many city reviews, job descriptions, career discussions, and many work related Hubs found here on Hub Pages.

The bottom line is that significant funding is offered to Youth ages 14-24 in order to build up a foundation of well qualified workers long-term to support the American economy and to raise the national quality of life. Senior Citizens ages 55 and older are served as well by WIA, because increasing numbers in this group must return to work or keep on working through retirement, where in previous generations they did not. Those job seekers in the middle (ages 25 - 54) can still receive job search and job placement help; and if that is not adequate, then intensive services and possibly job training for new work.

Opinion and Summary from Professional Experience

My own opinion is that both Youth and Seniors must be served adequately in order to prevent increasing numbers of cases of homelessness, illness, starvation, hospitalizations, substance abuse, and even crime and early death that can result from a lack of income.

In the Recession of 2008 - 2009, those "in the middle" at ages 25 - 54 are also more often finding themselves sick and homeless, without adequate income. At the same time, some US cities' employers advertise an abundance of jobs, but many of these people in the middle cannot travel to them or cannot qualify for the work requirements.

It is fortunate that the ARRA has supplemented work related services to some of those "in the middle" as well as others, but is this working well enough? How can we adjust the system to work more effectively?

© 2009 Patty Inglish

Comments & Additions

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • Cheryl J. profile image

      Cheryl J. 

      7 years ago from Houston, TX

      This is awesome. Your assistance is needed globally. A great hub.

    • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

      Patty Inglish 

      8 years ago from USA. Member of Asgardia, the first space nation, since October 2016

      Thanks for the comments!

    • creativeone59 profile image

      benny Faye Douglass 

      8 years ago from Gold Canyon, Arizona

      Very informative hub, you're a busy lady. creativeone50

    • dohn121 profile image

      dohn121 

      8 years ago from Hudson Valley, New York

      Hopefully, many will be able to benefit from your thorough and thoughtful research, Patty. Excellent job as always.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)