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How to be an IPS officer in India?

Updated on September 14, 2013

IPS Exam Eligibility Criteria

IPS stands for Indian Police Service: one of the most glamorous services of India. Every young with courage and heroism wanted to be an IPS officer, to punish the criminals, to protect the helpless, to save the people in distress.

Who can forget the memorable IPS ACP Ajoy Singh Rathod in Aamir Khan’s Sarforosh and his fighting against the foreign terrorists.

IPS is an all India service like IAS and IFS. You need have to rank well in the Indian Civil Services exam to be an IPS officer. How to be an IPS officer and what is the eligibility is not clear to most of us. Read below to find out.

Educational Qualification and Age:

The minimum educational qualification of an IPS officer is Graduation (10+2+3/4) under any recognized Indian University.

A plain graduation degree is enough; you need not to have first class or any minimum grade or result to be eligible.

You are equally eligible to be an IPS officer if you are a Pass Graduate, i.e. without Honours.

Technical students like an Engineering graduate or an MBBS pass out may appear for the exam to be an IPS officer.

The minimum age requirement for General (UR) category students is 21 to 30 years. The OBC students will get 3 years age relaxation while the SC/ST students will get 5 years.

Physical Qualification:

The service is for Police forces where fitness is a must. So, you should have to possess the ability to do hard works.

Height: To be an IAS you need have to have a minimum height of 165 cm for men and 160 cm for women. Some particular races and tribes like Gorkhas and Garhwalis will get 5cm height relaxation, because genetically there average height is lower and they are famous as martial races.

Chest: The minimum chest girth for men is 84cm while for women it is 79cm. In both cases it should be expandable to 5cm.

General fitness: Your body should be totally fit. If you are a handicap then you are not eligible for the job. If you have some physical deformity then you may be discarded during medical examination.

Vision: Corrected vision is allowed, i.e. if you have spectacles though you will be eligible. But myopia is allowed up to -4D and Hypermetropia is up to +4D.

Color blindness and lack of binocular vision are not allowed.

UPSC Exam: to become an IAS officer

To become an IAS officer you should have to appear in UPSC exam. It is conducted every year and has three stages: Preliminary, Main and Interview.

Preliminary Exam:

This is the first stage of the selection process. Most of the applicants do not qualify this stage. Approximately 1 out of 50 students can go to the Main examination.

In this examination there are two papers: i)General Studies (300Marks) and ii)an optional subject chosen by you (150 Marks).

This is a multiple choice type examination.

Main Exam:

This exam is much tougher. Here the examinations will be traditional type, no MCQ. There is a change in the syllabus from 2013. The second optional has been replaced with two General Studies papers.You have to appear in these papers:

i) One Indian Language Paper -300 marks ( qualifying )

ii) English – 300 marks ( qualifying )

iii) General Essay-200 marks

iv) Four General Studies papers – 300 x 4

v) One Optional subjects with two papers-2 x 300

You may learn more details about the General Studies syllabus.

List of optional subjects for IAS Main Examination

The list of the optional subjects are as follows:

•Agriculture •Animal Husbandry & Veterinary Science •Anthropology •Botany •Chemistry •Civil Engineering •Commerce and Accountancy •Economics •Electrical Engineering •Geography •Geology •History •Law •Management •Mathematics •Mechanical Engineering •Medical Science •Philosophy •Physics •Political Science and International Relations •Psychology •Pubic Administration •Sociology •Statistics •Zoology • One Language and Literature

The Languages

Arabic, Oriya, Pali, Persian Assamese, Bodo, Bengali, Dogri, Chinese, English, French, German, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Kashmiri, Konkani, Maithili, Malayalam, Manipuri, Marathi, Nepali, , Punjabi, Russian, Sanskrit, Santhali, Sindhi, Tamil, Telugu, Urdu.



See results

Interview Stage:

Here you will have to appear before an Interview board, after passing the main examination. You will also have to face a medical checkup board. All of your originals documents will be verified.

If you get selected at last then you shall have the choice to join different services: according to your rank in the exam and the vacancies available to each service.

This is how you can be an IPS officer. So, for what are you waiting for? Go and start your preparations to fulfill your dream, all the best.


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    • Sagexec profile image

      Sagexec 5 years ago from United States

      Interesting article to teach me about a culture I'm not very familiar with, but what is a "martial" race, I wonder.

    • pinappu profile image

      pinappu 5 years ago from India

      @Sagexec than you for your interest.. a Martial race is a kind of race from which members are traditionally favored by Indian armed forces like Gorkhas, Garwalis, Punjabies. They are historically very brave and fierce warriors by nature. They were the backbone of the British Indian Army and they fought very bravely in World War I ( when British Power appealed for help to the Indian nationalist leaders).

    • Sagexec profile image

      Sagexec 5 years ago from United States

      Thank you for your response. I see now, very intriguing.

    • profile image

      Amit waghade 5 years ago

      I want to become an ips officer and my subject is commers i want to know the process..

    • profile image

      Girish kumar Podeli 5 years ago

      its my drem to being a I.P.S. officer all like this my family , my friends ...........

    • profile image

      Tapash paul 4 years ago

      I'm an English honours student.. I want to be an IPS officer, how can I fullfill my dream..?

    • pinappu profile image

      pinappu 4 years ago from India

      Amit please read the hub to know about the process.

      I hope your dream will be fulfilled someday @Girish

      Tapsh go ahead.

    • profile image

      rajneesh kumar 4 years ago

      i am management stident and how can i be IPS officer

    • profile image

      LULI 4 years ago


    • profile image

      Khan Raheel 4 years ago

      I am a student of science and i want to do graduation in computer engeering,can it be possible for me to become an IPS Officer and fulfill my dreams....???

    • profile image

      Neetu 4 years ago

      M dng my graduation in from du my aim to crack upsc exam..:-)i m wrkng hard bt den also i feel..sumthn is missng...pls gv me suggestions hw 2 prepare

    • pinappu profile image

      pinappu 4 years ago from India

      What is missing is your confidence. Rise your confidence level and believe it like a mantra that you shall crack the IAS exam @Neetu

    • profile image

      P.raghu vamsi kanna 4 years ago

      i have completed my inter i am dng aerospace engineering in s.r.m i want to prepare u.p.s.c from my engineering 1st year can u set timetable. my father written group 2 became s.i he got promotion as c.i and after 2 yr he will be promoted as d.s.p so i just want 2 become like him he z my hero

    • profile image

      sk 4 years ago


    • profile image

      preeti 4 years ago

      i am a teacher at mcd school and doing english hons. bt i am weak in maths and science can i be an ips officer ???

    • pinappu profile image

      pinappu 4 years ago from India

      You need not to be too strong in maths and science to be an IPS officer otherwise all the Science graduates would only become IPS officers. You need have to master class 10 level science and maths though to be an ips officer.

    • profile image

      snigdha sajjal 4 years ago

      i just passed 12th. n going to do B.E... but my aim is to be an I.P.S. officer.... for being an ips what should i do... plz plz plz give advice....

    • pinappu profile image

      pinappu 4 years ago from India

      At first complete your BA @snigdha

    • profile image

      khushbu 4 years ago

      right nw i have completed m graduation in accounts honrs.nd want 2 become ips officer wat next i shld do in oder 2 become ips??????? wat sudies further i shld do?

    • profile image

      ankur kumar(saini) 4 years ago

      i have done complete my 12th n now doing bca from geu(Dehradun).i want to be an IAS. so plz kindly give the name of best coaching center name.......

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