Various aspects of "Job".
Work experience VS Vast Educational qualifications
Current Scenario and perspective of people
When a person steps in educational world by finishing school, high school , graduation etc he/she is expected to earn a decent living by doing these courses. There are numerous examples where a child is asked to concentrate on theoretical knowledge instead of practical one. Also, if a child develop interest in some sort of hobby or activity he is persuaded to keep it aside and concentrate on getting higher grades. Since ultimate goal of parents is to educate a child higher so that he/she will get a sure shot job.
Point of view of employed people towards need for study:-
If we take a survey and ask employed people , if studies material really helped them in their current jobs? More that half of them will deny this fact.Many would say that whatever they are working , is what is actually/ practically learned in their workplace itself. To them degree is mere criteria to have an edge over another. Otherwise an uneducated or less educated worker can do same kind of work. However exceptions are always there. There can also be some jobs that require prior knowledge for example doctors.
Example of people who moved against rules and proved themselves without education:-
- Bill Gates:- He is the richest man in world.He is founder and owner of topmost company "Microsoft". Every single person in world is using Microsoft operating system.He skipped his education half way such that he dropped out of Harvard university to start his own venture.
- Mark Zuckerberg:- He founded social networking site :- "Facebook". He is a billionaire at this time. He was also college dropout, when he started with this venture. Till now Facebook interviews see person's situation handling capacity alongwith his/her knowledge . If a person is less educated but is talented in hands on knowledge , Facebook hired them.
- Michael Dell:-While a freshman pre-med student at the University of Texas at Austin, Dell started an informal business in his dorm room putting together and selling upgrade kits for personal computers. He then applied for a vendor license to bid on contracts for the State of Texas, winning bids by not having the overhead of a computer store.
Sergey Brin and Larry Page:-Both Larry and Sergey attend Stanford University to acquire their Ph.D in computer science. This is where they met and became friends. They crammed their dormitory room with inexpensive computers and applied Brin’s data mining system to build a superior search engine. The program became popular at Stanford and they suspended their PhD studies to start up Google in a rented garage.
However if we read biographies of these people, they insist on to work hard which can include research, study, or work experience to fulfill their dreams.
Importance of first impression during an interview
There can be various views on the impact of first impression in an interview. First impression can play major role in selection /rejection of an aspirant.
Various steps to have a good "First Impression" over employer':-
- Dress Properly:- Usually a formal dress having shirt , trousers and tie along with formal shoes should work. Buttons should be closed properly . Tie should be tied properly. Shoe laces should be be tied and shoes should be polished.
- Good Gestures:-Always enter room with "May I come In?". Once interviewer allows, then slowly close the door and shake hands with him/her. Greet him with proper eye contact and good smile . If its is afternoon , than wish him "Good Afternoon " else whatever applied.
- Good posture:- Ask him to sit. Always sit down with back straight and hands under on your lap i.e. under table.
- Good eye contact:-Reply all his queries with a smile. Always eye contact with him during entire discussion.
On the other hand few believe that "First Impression" and "Subject Matter knowledge" go hand in hand. Even if "first impression" is good , insufficient knowledge about interview questions is not going to fetch job for candidate.Its also true other way around. If "First impression " is not good ,few brownie points are lost for sure. However knowledge of candidate can overcome this disadvantage.
There are various organisations that don't count the gesture , posture, language or dressing sense of an employee. They measure him/her by his/her command over the subject. For instance top notch companies like "Microsoft" and "Google" don't have formal dressing culture and are very flexible in these areas.
Is Job satisfaction an important factor?
Job satisfaction is no doubt an important factor. Below reason support this notion successfully:-
"Greater interest = greater passion= greater productivity = greater satisfaction= Good Economic growth"
So above formula can clearly support the reason behind good job satisfaction. Its a "Win a Win" situation for both employer as well as employee.There are various passionate people who continue to work in less pay or unfavorable conditions so that they can reach their goal and fulfill their dreams.
But does this "less pay" factor keep these passionate minds for long? There are few professions that give sure shot job opportunities along with greater prosperity and wealth. These include professions like doctor , lawyer, teacher, engineer etc.
However many have jobs of their interest area.Few however are having different passion like painting, art, archaeology, history, political science etc.But these professions are full of struggle , so most sideline them and don't consider them as their profession. They follow some other profession and keep this interest as part time hobby. However in this way they are neither happy nor fully productive. But then again , salary plays a pivotal role in this context. Very few can have endless patience to struggle and follow their passion till they reach success.Otherwise , it does takes a hug toll to deal with pressure of low salary with family responsibilities.
People of developing countries don't have much choice in choosing the profession they like:-
Unlike developed countries , people of developing countries have less advantage in terms of choosing profession they like. They are poor and have to earn a livelihood for their family . Unlike rich countries, developing countries like India hardly gives pension to old people . There people can't take chance/ risk with their professions . Also with growing populations there is huge competitions among youth to get jobs. Amid this unemployment, these people dreams are not fulfilled . Everyone rushes to get a higher paid jobs instead of a job that gives personal satisfaction.
Should salary be based on someone's talent or should it be based on his/her ability to contribute in society?
Salary is an important component of job. If salary is not present , none will do job for free. After earning a salary it depends on individual to individual how he/she spends it. Every person spend it according to his/ her intention or his/ her circumstances. There could be few who could also donate their salary to charity.
Many believe that since society is benefited by some who donate their hard earned money in its upliftment, shouldn't these people get more salary share so that they can contribute more?
For instance billionaires like Warren Buffet or Bill Gates have pledged to donate half of their wealth to charity.So has various celebrities like Michael Dell, Brad Pitt.
It does benefit society when people contribute more to uplift downtrodden section of people So if donation deed is more , so should be the salary of people who are donating. But its not always the case. At various places people who earn less also have intention to share and donate to poor. However due to restriction of salary , they can contribute a little.
Many people think that charitable people should get more salary. But it should not be imposed. Since its a person choice to invest in nation or himself. It can't be forced to people. If a person is less talented but more charitable , it doesn't define his/her salary criteria. Its the talent that define any person's salary , not the stats that show how much he/she contributes.
Should children do part time jobs?
At various restaurants, bars, eating joints ,or streets we can see children working. This scene is most common in developing country like India. However no children under 14 is allowed to work rigorously under child labor act. Child labour refers to the employment of children in any work that deprives children of their childhood, interferes with their ability to attend regular school, and that is mentally, physically, socially or morally dangerous and harmful.
When enquired about this state in rural families , many replied that this is done to survive and sustain . In India an average family might have 4 or more children. They all can't be fed from meager salary that are earned by their parents. That's why children are forced to work at tender age to support them selves as well as their families.
Above discussed is the case where children consider working for long hours , there by doinig job as a full time worker. There are however few urban/ middle class families which despite being self sufficient allow their children to work part time. These children either give part time tutions or work in restaurants or offices.
Thus these children become confident ,smart and sociable. Also if they choose a part time job that matches their passion or their on going studies, they can become hugely successful.
Part time jobs should be supported as long as they don't interfere with the study and growth of a child. They make them more confident and independent.
Why rural workers migrate to urban areas in developing countries?
Oh!!!! See. They have huge buildings. They have a metro. They look so rich.
These are usually the words from any rural person who first see city for the first time. Lots of cars, sky scraper buildings, huge hospitals , good connecting roads, amusement parks and so on. There are huge number of people in developing country like India who migrate from rural areas to urban areas daily.
As summarized above , below are the detail view for reason of this migration:-
- Better health facilities:- In India "AIIMS" hospital situated in South Delhi provide best medical facilities with minimal charges. That's why people come here to get treated from rural areas.
- Better job opportunities:- Rural areas have farming as one of their main profession. But urban area can provide huge number of jobs for both educated as well as uneducated folks.
- Better Roads:- Obviously mode of transportation and road facilities are better in urban areas.
- Better standard of living:- Everything , from beds to rooms to hygiene are awsome in urban areas. People here enjoy better reachability of all modes along with better standard of living.
- Better basic facilities :- Facilities like electricity , water , transport are present in urban areas.
Why teachers don't prefer to work in rural areas in developing countries?
As discussed in above post, rural areas prefer urban areas as source of living as compared to rural areas. In a vice versa terms, urban people too hate to settle down in rural areas.In developing country like India there are various rural and backward areas that requires much attention in various aspects:-
- No education:- School facilities are not present at various rural places. For some few primary schools are there but higher education is not supported. Almost half of Indian population is illiterate.
- No basic facilities:- Facilities like roads, transport, water supply , electricity etc. are developed in backward areas like various villages or tribal places.
- No employment:- Due to lack of education there is no employment opportunities in rural areas.
- Lack of connectivity:- With no or poor connection with markets, these people are limited in their growth and thinking. Thereby they remain poor and vulnerable resources.
- No drainage and hygiene facilities:- It leads to various epidemic diseases.
- Lack of heath facilities:- No proper hospitals or specialized doctors are present or posted in rural areas.
Above factors add to inconvenience faced by urban people to settle in these areas and to uplift them. Only few NGOs or government bodies work here to increase awareness and education. To sum up , lack of infrastructure is the main reason that propel teachers not to take education as job in rural areas.
However in India, government tries to promote growth of poverty stricken people by bringing industries in rural areas. Also to become doctor, students have to complete their internship in allotted rural areas. Same is for teachers. Its become mandatory to transfer them in a rural area at least once in their career for 3 years. IAS officers are usually appointed in rural areas first.
However despite not being preferred by teachers due to low standard of living , there are few volunteers who willingly shift in these areas and try to educate children themselves. People should take this initiatives, otherwise the poor will become poorer and rich will become richer.
Does a good university degree guarantee a good job?
One of the main aspect of studying is to expect a luring and high package jobs on the basis of education. Now same as in the case of demand and supply , employment and employee graph works.
- Ideal Scenario :-
- Number of applicants ~= Number of jobs
- Worst case scenario
- Number of applicants < Number of jobs
- Number of applicants > Number of jobs
Now ideal scenario is very rare. Lets talk about worst case scenarios:-
- If Number of jobs are more and applicants are less then skilled professionals have to be imported to workplaces from other countries/ regions. Same as in the case of Canada.
- If Number of jobs are less and applicants are more then this situation leads to unemployment.
In India 2nd point is more prevalent. Since number of applicants are more and jobs less ,there is huge competition among students to get good jobs. Usually everyone tries to study higher and thereby increasing probability to get jobs.
Various competitive exams are held to shortlist students for various institutions. It is difficult to clear these exams as lot of aspirant sit in them. Also amount of competition increases so does passing percentage. However there are various benefits to get shortlisted in these good institutions:-
- Good placement opportunities:-These institutions have good ties with companies. Thereby increase chance for its students to get placed.
- Good infrastructure:- Various instruments , labs , libraries etc. are provided by these institutions. Thus knowledge of students takes an edge over other institutions.
- Good package:- Due to high reputations, students of these colleges gets huge starting package. Mainly because of their caliber which they develop here.
- Good teachers and education techniques:- Efficient teachers are employed in these institutions who are good teachers and were themselves good students. Thereby they guide students perfectly.
Good institutes provide good guidance and easy placement opportunities to students. But still there are few examples that outperform expectations. For instance we have examples like Narendra Modi , Abraham Lincoln , Albert Einstein , Steve Jobs etc.
Above mentioned people considered books as their best friends. They didn't study through institutions , but studied by themselves with borrowed books. They set an examples to world with their achievements and contributions to various sects of society.
Non reputed institutions might not give good infrastructure , education or placement opportunities to students. Thus usually students have to struggle in initial years. But the way they perform becomes base for their further development.
What are the main reasons behind brain drain?
Developed countries have better opportunities and standard of living. But compared to India or China they have less human resources. Various developed countries like USA , Canada , European countries, import skilled labor from other nations due to their need for human resources.
To elaborate on same here are some main reasons why developed countries lure youth of developing countries:-
- Better standard of living:-This includes lot of areas like better roads, good organic food , less air and water pollution, better disposal of wastes , no water clogging , better education , better homes with all facilities etc.
- Better wealth:- Value of dollar or euro or yen is much more than rupee. Usually this gives people opportunity to earn in dollars there and later on invest this converted amount in India.
- Better Security , law and order:- Better judiciary system and law and order policies as compared to developing country. Each and every corner is covered with surveillance cameras. Nothing can escape law.
- No Red tape, Transparent laws:- Policies are less complex and transparent . This reduces chance of corruption.
- Option of payment from government:-This happens in some scenarios like when you are not employed or when you are old. Thereby people enjoy life there. They don't save for future, since they know that government will pay their expenses in any need.
Now even if these reasons support developed countries. These highlight good points of these countries as compared to developing ones. There are various other reasons for which people still ignore these facilities and live in their own nation, like emotional bond with family , love for nation , familiarity with language and people.But these type of people are few in number.
Above mentioned reasons are an add-on for them to sell their skills for developed countries in return for advantages they get from them.
Should all workers be paid same salary to promote harmony at work?
This question arises at various platforms from time to time. It is also implemented at various institutions for example government bodies does this kind of functioning in allotting salary structure to employees. In India it there are two kinds of employees:-
- Daily wage employees:- Salary as per day work or per hour work.
- Monthly wage employees:- Fixed monthly salary(could vary).
There are also other classifications like:-
- Contract employees:-Fixed monthly salary, for specific term.
- Permanent employees:-Life long fixed monthly salary till retirement age.
In case of government bodies , all types of above mentioned workers are provided wages according to their designation. i.,e. if we have 2 peons in a school then they both will get same wages until they are promoted.
On the other hand we also have private companies that yearly or half yearly evaluate the performance of individuals at same designation. They then decide how much appraisal should be done for each individual , depending on who worked hard.
Lets discuss the pros and cons of same and different salary aspects
People are satisfied
People are not saisfied
No jealousy within employee circle
Environment of jealousy within employee circle
Transparency among colleagues regarding salary structure
Salary structure considered as confidential document
Tendency to not work hard(especially in case of permanent employees)
Tendency to work hard to get good appraisal
Is promotion a factor to drive people to work hard?What are other factors apart from promotion?
Promotion definitely drives a person's performance . With promotion following "value add" parameters are added along with it:-
- Higher role /designation
- Greater respect among colleagues
- Good in hand salary
- Higher visibility
- Good scope of managing people and learning new areas
- Promotion+ appraisal is a double bonanza!
Promotion is one of the crucial factor in all organisations and for all kinds of employees. All organisations have special HR teams committed to handle this section. Every ambitious employee try to work hard for many years to get good promotion.
Promotion can be accompanied by various other factors too like:-
- Spot awards(Monthly or performance based or special or fresher)
- 5 year gratuity award for staying in company for long as a faithful employee
- Like wise 2 years / 3 years completion awards
- Sports awards/other recreational activity award
- Annual awards for best team/lead/innovator etc.
There are various benefits by providing these awards:-
- People become competitive and work hard against each other to win these awards.
- They stay in same company for long due to these extra perks and benefits
- They remain happy and relaxed since their talent is recognized.
- They move forward and work hard.I.e. these awards are motivating.
Should employer focus on harmonious environment or basic infrastructural facilities?
Employer should focus on both aspects. None of them is greater/ less than other. Both have deep impact on employee performance and his/her sustenance in the company.
Following aspects of dissonance impact employees in great way:-
- Misbehaving of a colleague or boss with junior employees:-Many a times when pressure comes on upper management , they scold their junior employees for bad performance.Also they ask them to stay late and work more. There is not personal life left for these people.
- Sexual assault of women employees:-At various places , generally new /fresher women employees are being flirted and sexually assaulted by their immediate managers. They are forcefully asked to stay late. Also there are various cases where these boss impact the appraisal of women employees if they don't obey them.
- Disagreement of upper and lower management based on appraisal:- Employee become frustrated when they are not given when they deserve. They expect a good appraisal at year end.
The only way to tackle these issues are to create HR forums, organize employee satisfaction third party survey ,arrange skill level meetings with employees.After taking necessary feedback from both parties , a middle way should be sorted out to avoid any bitterness in near future. If these steps are not taken in due time then employees might rebel and leave company causing a huge damage to its reputation.
Following aspects of bad infrastructure impact employees in great way:-
- Not convenient to reach i.e. no transport system:- If the company is based in an isolated place where there are no roads , no cab facilities provided then people wont apply for this company.
- No parking facility:-People reaching by their own convince will witness inconvenience.
- No hygiene and toilet facilities.
- No safe drinking water facilities
- No coffee/ tea machine
- No ERT team to support evacuation in case of fire incidence.
- Insufficient stationary including printing papers and ink
All above mentioned facilities can also damage employee perception to stay with this company for long. There should be separate teams "transport" and "admin" teams which should assigned these tasks.
Is money important factor in choosing a job?What all are other factors apart from money?
Money is definitely an important factor for a person to attain job. Everyone wants a good amount of money to enjoy happy and fulfilling life.Also when choosing a career usually people choose a job which is comfortable as well as gives good returns.
But it depends on person to person, like in a male dominant society males usually prefer a job with good salary. Women however may consider a comfortable job by which they can handle both family and career.Thereby , usually men are at a higher position .Many women remain satisfied working at lower level with less pay.
"Comfort zone" is one factor that I discussed above. There are various factors adding to same:-
- Reach ability from home :- Whether job location is near or far.
- Infrastructural facilities:-It includes , transport and various admin facilities.
- Does this office provide crutches for kids :- This point is especially for working mothers.
- How much work from home can it provide?:- It includes , days when we are unwell or when we have family responsibility etc.
- Is organisation talent oriented or politics:- Is employee satisfied with the rating he/she is getting. Or has he/she become a victim of office politics.
- Nice team and supportive colleagues:- Good environment and friendly colleagues or manager can also make an employee stay at same place for longer run.
- Work satisfaction:- Many leave organisations when they feel saturated or tired of doing monotonous work.