ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Free Employment Services for Job Seekers and the Underemployed

Updated on August 6, 2019
Patty Inglish, MS profile image

Ms. Inglish is a successful Employment & Training pro, setting Midwest regional records with tens of thousands placed in gainful employment.

Plan a Strategy to Find Work

County and City Job Services Can Help Workers and Job Seekers

Some unemployed persons say that there are no jobs, even during months over seven million of them are posted across Internet sites alone. In addition, some jobs are never posted online. American does not have enough openings for everyone that needs a job, but some jobs are available, even though competition for them is high.

In order to secure employment during a recession, visit one of your local branches of your county Workforce Investment Act entities. Look in the County Government Pages of your local telephone directory or call Information.

The Workforce Investment Act provides funding to county governments in order to provide job seeker services on the county and city levels.

A WPA Poster from the FDR administration years: 1930s Great Depression Era training and jobs received a boost from the Works Progress Association.
A WPA Poster from the FDR administration years: 1930s Great Depression Era training and jobs received a boost from the Works Progress Association. | Source

County Agencies Help People Work

In the USA, this system or agency was formerly called "Jobs and Family Services", or the "County Jobs Offices", or similar nomenclature.

The Workforce Investment Act provides funding to county governments in order to provide job seeker services on the county and city levels.

Before the 21st century, the Private Industry Council handled E & T [Employment and Training] through the legislation that was in place before the WIA. This legislation was the Job Training Partnership Act and it was voted out of existence and/or permitted to expire by the US Congress during the Bill Clinton Administration, a period of eight years ending in January 2001, when George W. Bush became POTUS.

Employment and training funds provide skills mastery.
Employment and training funds provide skills mastery. | Source

Current government Employment and Training Program funding legislation was voted on by the US Congress during the Bill Clinton Administration circa 1998, although many people blamed George W. Bush for the demise of the Private Industry Council (PIC) E&T programs and the large Summer Youth Employment Programs.

A few county and city PIC organizations across America still operate and serve job seekers, but most were absorbed by the County Jobs Services, and County Family or Child Services agencies.

All individuals that visit a WIA office are to be interviewed and screened for basic services, including job search and job placement. If these services are not adequate, the WIA staff is to then evaluate job seekers for additional, in-depth services that may include job training and High School Diploma or GED education. If you go in and do not receive these two-tiered services and feel that you need them, then speak up.

Also lodge a complaint to your State Congressmen, if you do not receive results from WIA.

A Guide for Finding Work During a Recession

Finding Work When There Are No Jobs
Finding Work When There Are No Jobs
I find this book refreshing in its usefulness. Jobs are advertised in most cities every day of the year in America. The exception may be small towns and villages. This book helps job seekers find those advertised - and unadvertised - positions with a minimum of stress and worry. I have found this book useful to many of my clients.

Where to Look for Work

Each state in the country needs certain job titles filled, using on a continual basis as openings increase.

Many states need health & medical workers and/or computer based workers. Some need construction workers and supervisors very badly. I will highlight a few states at the end of this Hub.

Healthcare sectors will need tremendous amounts of new employees through at least AD 2100. Why? The Millennial Generation born roughly 1980 - 2000 is approximately as large as the Baby Boom Generation (1945 - 1964); the Boomers created the long-term healthcare shortage experienced form 1980 into the 21st century and it did not stop.

The Millennials will live longer than the Boomers in average lifespan, therefore being subject for a longer period of time to the diseases of Old Age. In AD 2100, many of the Millennials born in AD 2000 will be 100 years old and likely to live to 105 or 108 (the maximum average age built into human DNA is 113, on average).


Training That Can Pay Off

If you have never worked in healthcare, attend a two-week adult education course and earn a State Certificate as a Home Health Aide or Personal Aide. In fact, WIA offices (county jobs agencies) may provide funds to pay for your training. When you visit such an office, go early in the morning, because long lines form quickly.

The work is hard and you may not enjoy it, but don't stop there. As soon as you are placed in a HHA position, apply to local hospitals to become an aide on staff. Once you secure that job, begin to work your way up immediately; check the job postings in the HR corridor (they nearly always have a job board outside in the hallway).

If you can be hired by a teaching hospital connected with a university, you can apply to the nursing program and likely be reimbursed for tuition each quarter if you maintain a reasonable grade point average.

You will also likely receive paid time off from the job in order to attend classes. If you have never attended college before, you can benefit from basic grants and some scholarships available in your state and town. Keep working your way up until you find a nursing, technician's or physician related career that you desire.

Travel nursing pays one's rent or mortgage and additional benefits as well as even higher wages in the already well paid nursing and medical positions it fills. Sometimes, you can be a "traveler" at your own home hospital and enjoy these extra benefits.

Be a Travel Nurse!
Be a Travel Nurse! | Source

WIOA, State by State

The new Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA) was signed into law in July 2014. It updates and replaces the WIA, but the name "WIA" is sometimes still used.

Save and invest your money if Healthcare does not lead to your dream job so that you can change careers a bit later. The skills you learn are transferable to many other responsible jobs.

In similar fashion, one can become a Carpenters Helper and enter a union apprenticeship program and work up to Journeyman in a construction trade. WIOA Should also provide help with finding such opportunities.

WIOA Training Providers operate in all states and the District of Columbia.

Apprenticeship programs include:

  • Carpentry/Carpenter
  • Construction Trades, General
  • Electrical & Power Transmission Installers, Other
  • Electrical, Electronics And Communications Engineering
  • Electrician
  • Heating, Air Conditioning and Refrigeration Technology/Technician
  • Heating, Air Conditioning, Ventilation And Refrigeration Maintenance Technology/Technician
  • Ironworking/Ironworker
  • Mason/Masonry
  • Painting/Painter and Wall Coverer
  • Pipefitting/Pipefitter And Sprinkler Fitterplumbing And Related Water Supply Services
  • Plumbing Technology/Plumber
  • Sheet Metal Technology/Sheetworking
  • Telecommunications Technology/Technician


WIOA/Workforce Investment Boards

Examples of US STATE resources for use in accessing county offices online quickly:

  • Michigan Works! - Michigan State and County Labor Departments
  • Workforce New York
  • Pennsylvania Workforce
  • Search for your own US State and WIB

Some Specific County Workforce Agencies

Some PICs (Private Industry Council offices) that are still open:

Govt/PIC Public Service Announcement - Fresno

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

© 2008 Patty Inglish MS

Comments, Experiences & Questions

Submit a Comment
  • profile image


    9 years ago

    really nice and informative hub

  • JodiVee profile image


    9 years ago

    Very insightful hub, thank you for posting it. I'm just wondering, do similar services/sites exist for Canada?

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    11 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    That's an honor, BlogMom119! I do hope it helps. :)

  • profile image


    11 years ago from Stamford, NY

    Excellent article, I will link it to my hubpage as it will help my readers immensely. Thank you for very much!!!!! Continued success!

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    11 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    Hi countrywomen! - I think there is not a lot of good direction available to show people where to go for employmen help in a recession, so I'm doing my best to find the most productive places to send people. Thanks for reading and commenting!

  • countrywomen profile image


    11 years ago from Washington, USA

    Patty- A very useful hub and in present times when more people are laid off even more relevant. Once again another great offering from the hands of the great Patty. I always admire your style and content.

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    11 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    Bellemerchant - Thanks for reading! I want to help as many people as possible to find a good job.

  • Bellemerchant profile image


    11 years ago from New York

    Don't know how I missed this hub, should have read it months ago. Its just great. Glad to know there is hope for those struggliing to get work. The information you offered is resourceful and helpful.

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    12 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    As I already wrote, go to WIB and ask for help; they know about openings in all industries. WIB has re-training money for some to use. Otherwise, Katie, you need to move to a state or city that has openings in financial product professions or switch occupations to one in which your skills transfer. (I do resumes for people who switch successfully every day.) I have Hubs on all these types of options. Neither the universe nor the government owes anyone a living in the field for which they trained when it loses job openings.

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    12 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    Whitney05 - Veterinary jobs are increasing in some areas, especially vet techs. It's bad that AFLAC does not value an associate's degree. :(

  • profile image


    12 years ago

    Great information, very thorough, but what about the people in the mortgage industry? There are virtually no mortgage position available (processor, underwriter, operations people). Unfortunately, if they are like me, what little they have in savings and retirement is needed to put a roof over their heads and can not be sacrificed for re-education. Additionally, when the odd mortgage job does become available, one has a 500 to 1 shot of just getting an interview.

  • Zsuzsy Bee profile image

    Zsuzsy Bee 

    12 years ago from Ontario/Canada

    Patty! Who else could write such a thorough hub. As always you have done a great job my friend.

    Great Job regards Zsuzsy

  • Whitney05 profile image


    12 years ago from Georgia

    Very thorough. I should have known that you would answer this request. :-) Thanks. I found a great job as an online editor at AFLAC, but because I only have my associate's they never called me back. :-( What's sad is I'm working for my bachelor's currently. Iv'e found in ym area, jobs in the medical field are increasing, but unfortunately that's just not where I want to go. Guess I still have to keep up the search.

  • Patty Inglish, MS profile imageAUTHOR

    Patty Inglish MS 

    12 years ago from USA and Asgardia, the First Space Nation

    haha - Very few employers are posting jobs for writers; writing does not appear on any TOP 50 JOBS list from the Dept. of Labor in any state. Interviewing major job board people and scanning job listings in newspapers and corporations, I find very little for writers.

    It is becoming more an dmroe a freelancer and bloggers' world of writing, and some employers do advertiser for a professional blooger for a magazine or newspaper now and then.

    There seems to be no such thing as an easy, high-paying writing job.

    Blogging and building an income through AdSense and Hub Pages is much work and builds gradually if the writing is good.


  • Shadesbreath profile image


    12 years ago from California

    Wow, great information. You really know your stuff. You need more info on how to find easy, high-paying jobs for slothful writer types though. I noticed you were missing any significant detail on those.

    Nice work.


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)