ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Resume Writing: Employment References

Updated on June 26, 2021
I Am Rosa profile image

Author of The Job Hunter's Guide, Rosa's work in labour market and employment helped improve local workforce conditions.

Employment References

The References section is the final segment on a résumé. It should list three reliable people you have worked for or with that will give you a positive recommendation to a potential employer.

Placement and Layout

There are two options for how to present your References section. The first is to include it directly at the end of your résumé. Under the heading "References", include the person’s name, job title, the company they work for, and a phone number they can be reached at during the day. This is usually their work number, but some may prefer to list their cell phone number. It is always best to double-check with your references ahead of time to see what number they would like listed.

Reference's Name
Job Title
Phone Number

Available Upon Request

Alternatively, you could simply type the words, “Available upon request” under the Reference heading and create a separate page solely for references. In this case, you would use the exact font, format, and paper used for your résumé.

Be sure to bring your references with you to the interview, in case the potential employer asks for it.

Why the two options?

There are two schools of thought from professionals when it comes to listing references on a résumé.

Employment Service Providers

Employment service providers believe that adding references gives someone else the power to create your first impression with the employer. They advise against include references on a résumé and recommend instead that you bring your references to the interview separately. If you chose this option, your reference page should use the same layout and font as your résumé, including your name and contact information at the top of the page.

Other Experts

Other experts believe that including your references on a résumé can improve your chances of securing an interview and possibly even the job. They feel that your résumé is your first impression with an employer, not your references. If your résumé is sufficiently impressive, the potential employer will then contact your references which have been hand-picked to give you the best recommendation.

Employers Say ...

In fact, most employers prefer to check references before scheduling interviews and encourage applicants to include them with their résumé. With glowing recommendations from your references in their mind during the interview, some employers are more inclined to hire you on the spot if the interview goes well.

Whichever school of thought you follow regarding references, always let your references know when to expect a call from a potential employer so they can be prepared to answer questions about you.

Lastly, remember to thank your references when you are hired.

© 2011 Rosa Marchisella


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)