ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Ways In Which The Organization Thinks

Updated on August 13, 2012

OB applies the knowledge gained about individuals and groups and visualizes the effect of structure on behavior in order to make the organization work more smoothly.

1. An Interdisciplinary Approach

OB integrates many disciplines:

· Psychology: Study of human behavior(individual)

· Sociology: Study of human behavior in groups

· Social-Psychology: Studies influence of people on one another.

· Anthropology: Study of human race and culture

· Political Science: Behavior Of employees in Political environment

FW Taylor
FW Taylor

2. Scientific Management Approach

FW Taylor, the father of scientific management devised a new theory on scientific principles through his research and observations.

The primary concern here is to increase the efficiency of the worker through job design and appropriate training of the workers.

Taylor aimed at increasing organizational efficiency

He justified that organizational efficiency could be achieved by:

· Proper job design

· Proper training and selection of personnel

· Fair wage incentive systems

He suggested that to perform a task one has to:

· Adopt the right method

· Work according to their specialization

· Plan and schedule a task by using standard operatory mechanisms

· Establishing standard times to perform the job

However there were certain flaws in his approach:

· The theory simply ignored the behavioral aspects of individual employees.

· Social aspects were ignored and main emphasis was laid on discipline and control.

· It showed that employees were treated more as machines

· Individual and group relations were not acknowledged.

Elton Mayo
Elton Mayo

3. Human Resource ( Supportive) Approach

In 1924, Elton Mayo, at Western Electric’s Hawthorne Plant, Chicago, identified the importance of human relations at work through some experiments. He outlined the importance of:

· Working in groups

· Sharing of informal relations

· Having friendly supervisors

· Creation of group norms etc.

It was actually from here that OB came into scenario.

The approach is concerned with the growth and development of people, the central resource of any organization.

It believes that in creating a supportive climate where people can grow on their own by exercising self control, possessing a sense of responsibility, contributing to the best of their capabilities. It aimed at employee satisfaction.

Bottom-line: Better people should achieve better results.

4. Contingency Approach

Situational effect was completely ignored in the previous approaches.

They required careful analysis of the changes to bring about and effectiveness.

The contingency theorists argue that external environment and many aspects of the internal environment influence the structure of the organization as well as the process of management.

Effective management will vary in different situations depending on individual groups, nature of ideas, type of technology being used, the type of environment in the organization and it’s structure.

5. Systems Approach

A system is a set of interrelated and interdependent variables, which affect the other elements also.

System theorists describe the organization as “open to external environment”’ receiving certain inputs from the environment such as human resources and finally producing outputs.

Bottom-line: organizations are open systems surrounded by their external environment.

According to You Which Approach Is Best Suited For An Organization?

See results

Different Organizations employ different approaches in their running process. I feel that a combination of the Human Resource and the Contingency resource is the best one for the proper functioning of an organization. The factors, if taken care off in good fashion will lead to increased productivity plus employee satisfaction.

These approaches help us to classify organizations on a qualitative basis and help managers realize the structure and functioning of their workplaces well.


This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

Show Details
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)