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Ways In Which The Organization Thinks

Updated on August 13, 2012


OB applies the knowledge gained about individuals and groups and visualizes the effect of structure on behavior in order to make the organization work more smoothly.

1. An Interdisciplinary Approach


OB integrates many disciplines:



· Psychology: Study of human behavior(individual)


· Sociology: Study of human behavior in groups


· Social-Psychology: Studies influence of people on one another.


· Anthropology: Study of human race and culture


· Political Science: Behavior Of employees in Political environment




FW Taylor
FW Taylor

2. Scientific Management Approach


FW Taylor, the father of scientific management devised a new theory on scientific principles through his research and observations.



The primary concern here is to increase the efficiency of the worker through job design and appropriate training of the workers.



Taylor aimed at increasing organizational efficiency



He justified that organizational efficiency could be achieved by:



· Proper job design


· Proper training and selection of personnel


· Fair wage incentive systems



He suggested that to perform a task one has to:


· Adopt the right method


· Work according to their specialization


· Plan and schedule a task by using standard operatory mechanisms


· Establishing standard times to perform the job




However there were certain flaws in his approach:


· The theory simply ignored the behavioral aspects of individual employees.


· Social aspects were ignored and main emphasis was laid on discipline and control.


· It showed that employees were treated more as machines


· Individual and group relations were not acknowledged.


Elton Mayo
Elton Mayo

3. Human Resource ( Supportive) Approach


In 1924, Elton Mayo, at Western Electric’s Hawthorne Plant, Chicago, identified the importance of human relations at work through some experiments. He outlined the importance of:

· Working in groups


· Sharing of informal relations


· Having friendly supervisors


· Creation of group norms etc.


It was actually from here that OB came into scenario.

The approach is concerned with the growth and development of people, the central resource of any organization.

It believes that in creating a supportive climate where people can grow on their own by exercising self control, possessing a sense of responsibility, contributing to the best of their capabilities. It aimed at employee satisfaction.


Bottom-line: Better people should achieve better results.


4. Contingency Approach


Situational effect was completely ignored in the previous approaches.

They required careful analysis of the changes to bring about and effectiveness.


The contingency theorists argue that external environment and many aspects of the internal environment influence the structure of the organization as well as the process of management.


Effective management will vary in different situations depending on individual groups, nature of ideas, type of technology being used, the type of environment in the organization and it’s structure.


5. Systems Approach


A system is a set of interrelated and interdependent variables, which affect the other elements also.


System theorists describe the organization as “open to external environment”’ receiving certain inputs from the environment such as human resources and finally producing outputs.


Bottom-line: organizations are open systems surrounded by their external environment.


According to You Which Approach Is Best Suited For An Organization?

See results


Different Organizations employ different approaches in their running process. I feel that a combination of the Human Resource and the Contingency resource is the best one for the proper functioning of an organization. The factors, if taken care off in good fashion will lead to increased productivity plus employee satisfaction.


These approaches help us to classify organizations on a qualitative basis and help managers realize the structure and functioning of their workplaces well.


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    • rahul0324 profile image
      Author

      Jessee R 5 years ago from Gurgaon, India

      Thank you Lightshare :)

    • Lightshare profile image

      Lightshare 5 years ago

      Great rahul. Thank you

    • rahul0324 profile image
      Author

      Jessee R 5 years ago from Gurgaon, India

      I am glad I could spin some interest in you Always.... In today's world... where each individual is a professional... it is important to know how an organization develops its thinking towards its indiviuals

    • rahul0324 profile image
      Author

      Jessee R 5 years ago from Gurgaon, India

      I also think that a combination of the HR system and the Contingency can create a greater deal of efficiency....

      Making the consumer the ultimate king, can be fatal :)

      Thank you for the kind visit

    • always exploring profile image

      Ruby Jean Fuller 5 years ago from Southern Illinois

      This just didn't look like something i was interested in but when i started reading it became apparent that i was incorrect. Learning about the different approaches the organizations have used to benifit the worker is interesting. I chose the human resource as the best..Thank you for sharing...

    • YogaKat profile image

      YogaKat 5 years ago from Oahu Hawaii

      I work for a company that uses #3 Human Resources Approach and with an iota of #4 contingency. I think it is quite effective. I have a hard time fathoming the #5 systems approach, the consumer would be king. Up and interesting.

    • rahul0324 profile image
      Author

      Jessee R 5 years ago from Gurgaon, India

      Hello Martin!

      hehe... do you still work for the company... !!

      Thanks for the visit

    • rahul0324 profile image
      Author

      Jessee R 5 years ago from Gurgaon, India

      Hello Mother! I am your son afterall ... have to be a little smart you know... oh wow... a hub award would be nice... :)

    • rahul0324 profile image
      Author

      Jessee R 5 years ago from Gurgaon, India

      Well I am glad you did Carol! Thank you for the visit and kind votes!!

    • Mhatter99 profile image

      Martin Kloess 5 years ago from San Francisco

      Thank you for this. My company got you to tell us how to get your money and if you complain 1) there was no way to get at us; 2) We were learning (to get your money).

    • Deborah Brooks profile image

      Deborah Brooks Langford 5 years ago from Brownsville,TX

      wow son look how smart you are.. you must make straight A's on everything... this is a wonderful hub.. I am sharing with the world.

      Keep up the great work.. I bet you will get a HUB AWARD for this.

      Mom

    • carol7777 profile image

      carol stanley 5 years ago from Arizona

      I really like this very different hub. I thought I would take a gander and found I really enjoyed reading and learning.