I am not exactly what you are trying to do but based on your Silly Putty comment, would something like rubber cement with some liquid paper added to it do the trick. You can warm the rubber cement to thin it out. Use a fresh bottle of liquid paper.
This has a list of other generic names for the glue you're talking about, "PVA glue" might be a good neutral choice. I usually say "school glue" when I don't want to mention the brand name Elmer's or Borden, but that's just me. I suppose to be on the safe side you could list all the possible names an international reader might use for it.