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Classroom Practices on Values Formation and Environmental Education

Updated on August 27, 2014

Environmental Education

All inhabitants of the Planet Earth are already experiencing environmental stress brought about by toxic wastes entering the different layers of the earth’s biosphere: atmosphere, lithosphere and the hydrosphere. The earth is already giving us indications of its alarming state. We are now experiencing the effects of climate change, global warming, ozone depletion, pollution, species extinction, desertification and improper waste management.

Philippines is not an exemption in letting us feel the harsh realities of these environmental threats and challenges. With all the ever increasing demands created by the environmental problems accompanied by social, political and technological changes happening, the education sector is faced with challenges and is expected to initiate changes in the curriculum and give more attention to environmental education. The curriculum should be geared towards the provision of knowledge, skills and values that will help the learners cope and adapt to these changes.

The goal of environmental education is to develop an environmentally literate and responsible citizenry who will ensure the protection and the improvement of the environment, and bring about sustainability, social equity and economic efficiency in the use of the country’s natural resources.

Because of the existing environmental problems we are into and the thrust for sustainability, the protection and improvement of the environment have become imperative educational goals. It is also envisioned that within the next decade, a great majority of Filipinos will be imbued with a sense of responsibility to care for, protect for, and enhance environmental quality that is conducive to their well being and supportive of the nation’s economic development.

What classroom practices could a teacher adopt to be able to attain the goal of environmental education?

Here is an example of the module/workshop teachers could adopt:


MODULE-WORKSHOP: A HANDS-ON ACTIVITY ON WAR FOOTING AND REDUCTION OF CARBON FOOTPRINTS

TITLE: ENERGY CONSERVATION (Vegetation Survey) Vegetation Investigation and Survey

INTRODUCTION:

The most recent report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) estimates that improvements in the energy efficiency of buildings could potentially reduce projected global carbon emissions up to 29% by 2020, and up to 40% by 2030. Undoubtedly, the IPCC’s estimates are deliberately conservative, based on a pessimistic view of how rapidly the building industry can reform its practices. If the reforms could somehow be accelerated, the reductions in fossil-fuel energy needs could be that much more dramatic.

According to some of the most prominent architecs such a speed-up is certainly possible. ‘Green-building researchers’ have already developed and tested many of the necessary tools and strategies, to the point where they can now build homes, offices and other buildings that use 80–90% less energy than existing buildings. The most efficient of these structures are almost completely ‘passive’, meaning they require very little, if any, traditional heating or air-conditioning. Yet the overall comfort they provide is, if anything, superior to existing buildings. Nor is there necessarily a cost penalty: these ultra-energy-efficient buildings are often no more expensive to build than conventional structures, and work out far cheaper if energy bills during their occupation are taken into account.

However, in practice, encouraging the construction industry to change its ways is a daunting prospect. Especially in the developed world, more than a century of cheap energy has divorced the architecture of buildings from energy considerations, and from their environment. Most builders and architects today haven’t got a clue how to design buildings with ultra-low carbon emissions. Not green buildings in general, including water, air quality, local ‘green’ materials etc, but strictly energy, as this article is about sustainable architecture and climate change. An analysis of the life cycle energy consumption of a building reveals that the big three energy consumers – heating, cooling, and lighting – are all affected mainly by architectural design. Indeed, energy efficient appliances and light bulbs are important, but if you want to take out the biggest energy savings, this would mean building in energy efficiency in architectural designs.

Considering the existing scenarios in your respective work stations, regardless of its architectural designs, we can see that trees and plantings are often leveled in an area prior to school building or residential development with little regard for their economic and aesthetic values. The trees, shrubs, ground covers, vines and flowers temper the impact of sun and wind on the home and school. Vegetation can shield a home or school from unwanted sun and wind, but still admit desirable sun and breezes. Because of the angle of the sun and the effects of seasonal changes, most homes and schools need protection from the sun during the summer on the south, west and east sides and protection from the wind during winter on the north side (Northern Hemisphere). Of course, there are regional variations.

OBJECTIVES:

  1. To develop the ability of students to identify and clarify their value positions related to discrete environmental issues: global warming and climate change and its mitigation
  2. To develop the ability of students to evaluate, clarify and change their value positions in the light of new information

NOTE:

This activity can be used as an introduction on the impact of vegetation on energy consumption and human comfort. Students should inspect the values represented by or associated with their survey findings and compare these against energy conservation and ecologically - desirable values. If problems are identified, alternative solutions should also be identified and evaluated. This activity will teach the student the need for well designed structures and buildings for environment efficiency or carbon reduction.

PROCEDURE:

a. Investigate the North, South, East and West side of your home and school and determine if the vegetation is beneficial and where additional vegetation is needed. Make your comments in the space provided for in the next pages.

A. North Side of the College/ University

Trees:

Shrubs:

Does the vegetation make a good windshield? Yes__ No__Why?


B. South Side of the College/ University

Trees:

Shrubs:

Does the vegetation make a good sunshade? Yes__ No__ Why?


C. East Side of the College/ University

Trees:

Shrubs:

Does the vegetation make a good sunshade?Yes__ No__ Why?


D. West Side of the College/ University

Trees:

Shrubs:

Does the vegetation offer any form of environmental protection? Yes__ No__Why?


Questions and Suggestions:

  1. Does it appear as though either your home or the school needs additional vegetation plantings in order to maximize human comfort and energy conservation? If so, what suggestions could you make in order to accomplish this?
  2. If your class agrees vegetation plantings are needed, make recommendations to the school administration for additional plantings.
  3. Invite a landscape architect or nurseryman to your class to discuss different types of vegetation and their effects on heating and cooling needs.


Comments

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    • Honey Salonga profile image

      Honey Salonga 3 years ago from Plaridel, Bulacan

      SALONGA, HG,C. BUHM15

      This articles gave me an information about what is the cause and effect of our solid waste and the bad things that we are doing to are environment. and by reading this article it gives me an idea in being aware of this problem. for not taking care of our environment it causes a lot like global warming, climate change, pollution and etc. And as a students i can make some effort in helping the environment by separating the bio-degradable to non-biodegradable and i think it will work and give help.

    • profile image

      Miguel Panlilio 3 years ago from Baliuag Bulacan

      PANLILIO M.A.R BUHM14

      as a Hospitality Management student and young man.This is very hepful to me, this will teach me more about the environment and how to help maintaining and improving it. This could also help me in my job. Taking good care of our environment as early as now will greatly improve our future, we will have healthy air and water, we will have more trees, our kids will enjoy rivers and other nature's blessings. we can also save money by recycling and this lessen pollution and cost. Recycling will also teach us and our children to be more productive and artistic. making old stuffs new again. As a student this is a important lesson that is needed to be learned as early as possible. This could also help us to be a better and eco-friendly citizen

    • profile image

      john angelo ortega bshm1-2 3 years ago

      In schools we had many subjects. Many practices that help us to become knowledgeable person. But i think those subject that was thought wasn't enough. From my high school life, we don't have any subjects that tackles all about the environment. So that, in college life i wanted to have it. The subject that is all about the environment. Because it was very much important to learn by all the people especially the youth for us to kbow the importance of taking care of the environment not just for few but for all who live on earth.

    • Bianca Turingan profile image

      Bianca Ysabelle Turingan 3 years ago from Tangos, Baliuag, Bulacan

      It is stated here that, also in school we can learn how to take care of our environment. It is really important to know this things, for us students to be aware of what is happening on our surroundings.

      And will benefit us in the future.

    • Chlaryse Tesaluna profile image

      Chlaryse Tesaluna 3 years ago

      We must teach every student in this country to take care of our environment because we need to clean up our environment. As we can see, there are lots of trashes everywhere, so we need to maintain our environment clean and green. We must teach the students on how to preserve our natural resources.

    • JAO15BUTM14 profile image

      JAO15BUTM14 3 years ago

      26 oboza, JA BUTM 2014

      Environmental education for sustainability involvesapproaches to teaching and learning that integrategoals for conservation, social justice, culturaldiversity, appropriate development and democracy

      into a vision and a mission of personal and socialchange. Thisinvolves developing the kinds of civicvalues and skills that empower all citizens to beleaders in the transition to a sustainable future.

    • Bernadette Devera profile image

      Bernadette Devera 3 years ago

      The healthy future of our planet depends on the choices we make today, and requires the participation of every student, every person, every community, and every country. We as a students we should have to be concern in our environment not only for us but also to those people in the next generation.

    • Rollyne Munsayac profile image

      Rollyne Munsayac 3 years ago

      23 MUNSAYAC, RE BUTM 2014

      An important aspect of effective teaching that I learned during the past year relates to creating a supportive classroom environment. A warm, safe, and caring environment allows students to influence the nature of the activities they undertake, engage seriously in their study, regulate their behavior, and know of the explicit criteria and high expectations of what they are to achieve

    • Bernadette Devera profile image

      Bernadette Devera 3 years ago

      07 Devera B BUTM 2014

      The healthy future of our planet depends on the choices we make today, and requires the participation of every student, every person, every community, and every country. We as a students we should have to be concern in our environment not only for us but also to those people in the next generation.

    • Bernadette Devera profile image

      Bernadette Devera 3 years ago

      07 Devera B BUTM 2014

      The healthy future of our planet depends on the choices we make today, and requires the participation of every student, every person, every community, and every country. We as a students we should have to be concern in our environment not only for us but also to those people in the next generation.

    • paguiligan julia profile image

      Julia Ann 3 years ago

      37 Paguiligan JATBUHM

      We can practice on values formation and environmental education in simple way like proper disposal of waste in trash. We need to help our environment even in simple way for the next generation.

    • Patricia Rivera profile image

      Patricia Rivera 3 years ago

      Some of the students may wonder why do we have to study about the environment but because it should be a steps on how to make the good start of being a good student in through the environment. We should be concern of our environment.

    • jeaniejeanjean profile image

      Jean Abando Ortiz 3 years ago from Malolos,Bulacan

      26 ORTIZ JA BUBSPSY2014

      Maybe having this as a project to the students is one of the best thing the teachers can do, why? Because in a young age of the students the teachers can inculcate to their minds the values and the environmental education. The students can practice that proper knowledge in their young age and must continue while they are growing up. Maybe that's why schools have their rules and regulations in classroom to practice the values of the students and maybe because schools have their general cleaning at the end of the school year is to practice the learning's of the student on proper environmental education even only inside their classrooms.

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