ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

ANCIENT INDIAN MATHEMATICIANS

Updated on November 10, 2008

Baudhayana

( 800 BC - about 740 BC)

.Nothing much is known about Baudhayana, apart from the fact that he was a priest and a skilled craftsman. His interest in mathematics must have purely for ritualistic practices like construction of altars for sacrifices and mundane needs of a craftsman. In the Sulbasutra of which he was the earliest contributor, we find geometric solutions to linear equations of a single unknowns and approximate values of √2 correct to five decimal places. Though there are several values of π mentioned in Baudhayana's Sulbasutra, the nearest is 900/289 = 3.114

Manava

(750 BC - about 690 BC)

Manava Sulbasutra was not only brought out much later than Baudhayana’s Sulbasutra, but is also a minor one. His work contains approximate constructions of circles from rectangles, and squares from circles. In Manava’s works he was able to calculate the value of π = 25/8 = 3.125.

Apastamba

(600 BC - about 540 BC)

Like Budhayana and Apastamba, is a shadowy figure of antiquity about whose personal life nothing much is known. In his version of Sulvasutra, there are six chapters and he was able to solve the The general linear equation 1 + 1/3 + 1/(34) - 1/(3434). In his work he also tries to dividing a segment into 7 equal parts and attempted the problem of problem of squaring the circle.

Panini

(520 BC - about 460 BC)

Panini was born in Shalatula a town on the banks of the river Indus which is now in modern Pakistan. He was a Sanskrit grammarian whose major contributions were in the field of phonetics, phonology, and morphology. Much of the algebraic nature of Indian mathematics arose as a consequence of the structure of the Sanskrit language. Mathematics in fact was an outcome of linguistic developments in India and Panini laid down the formal rules and definitions of Sanskrit grammar which gave it its linguistic perfection.

Panini's major work is a treatise called Astadhyayi (or Astaka ) . Panini was a forerunner of the modern formal language theory used to specify computer languages. Though The Backus Normal Form was discovered independently by John Backus in 1959, Panini’s notation is equivalent in its power to that of Backus and has many similar properties.

Comments

Submit a Comment

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    5 years ago from India

    thank you Shmck

  • profile image

    Shmchk 

    5 years ago

    Good work.

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    6 years ago from India

    thank you ajay for your quotes and comments.

  • profile image

    ajay 

    6 years ago

    you missed many points baudhayana was the first to find pythagoras theorem in 800 bce long before pythagoras in 500 bce.

    we owe a lot to the indians who taught us how to count without which no wothwhile scientific discovery could have been made --- albert einstein

    i am convinced that everything has come down to us from the banks of the Ganges, - astronomy, astrology, metempsychosis, etc. It is very important to note that some 2,500 years ago at the least Pythagoras went from Samos to the Ganges to learn geometry...But he would certainly not have undertaken such a strange journey had the reputation of the Brahmins' science not been long established in Europe.” -- voltaire

    baudhayana's proof is very simple and easy that even a 6th satnadard student can also understand easily while the proof of pythagoras is toooooo complicated and big.

    indians are not great but the greatest

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    6 years ago from India

    Thank you Mountain Blossom I feel honored by your gracious comment

  • Mountain Blossoms profile image

    Marianne Kellow 

    6 years ago from SE Thailand

    I'm not a mathematician but your writing makes me want to find out a lot more. Most excellent! thank you. MB

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    6 years ago from India

    thank you shakti pratap singh

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    6 years ago from India

    thank you suchisikta paul

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    6 years ago from India

    thank you rafsil

  • profile image

    shakti pratap singh 

    6 years ago

    one day we will regain our lost glory and break the dominance of westerners.again the world will follow us and we will regain our status of "vishwa guru".for this every youth of our nation must recall our grand heritage and be determined for this.when these westerners can sing about their false glory then why not we about our true and time immemorial grand heritage.

  • profile image

    suchisikta paul 

    6 years ago

    very very good and interesting

  • profile image

    rafsil 

    6 years ago

    thank uuuuuuuuu

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    6 years ago from India

    Thank you ajay.I fully concurr with your suggestion that we should regain our lost glory.The potential is there, all that is needed is the determination to regain it.

  • profile image

    ajay 

    6 years ago

    well this webpage tells the importance and achievements of indian mathematics this must be followed once again and india must regain it's lost prosperity

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    6 years ago from India

    thank you Shashank

  • profile image

    shashank nandeshwar 

    6 years ago

    it was very good and fantastics.

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    6 years ago from India

    thank you abhay your comments are very correct

  • profile image

    abhaydagade@gmail.com 

    6 years ago

    everybody should study jain mathematics witch is full knowledge of detail & astonishing full knowledge of mathematics, useful even today.

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    6 years ago from India

    thank you poojamanjunath

  • profile image

    poojamanjunath9@gmail.com 

    6 years ago

    thakyou it made me to complete my maths project..

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    7 years ago from India

    thank you sweety class--IX

  • profile image

    sweety class--IX 

    7 years ago

    GOOD VERY GOOD

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    7 years ago from India

    thank you HEPSIBAH JEBAROSE

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    7 years ago from India

    Thank you tindu

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    7 years ago from India

    Thank you Sameera Sheikh

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    7 years ago from India

    Thank you charu

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    7 years ago from India

    thank you subhakant tripathy

  • profile image

    HEPSIBAH JEBAROSE VIII-std 

    7 years ago

    VERY GOOD . ITS EXCELLENT.

  • profile image

    tindu 

    7 years ago

    its vvvvvvv useful

  • profile image

    sameera_sheikh 

    7 years ago

    very very good

  • profile image

    charu 

    8 years ago

    it's excellent very useful!

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    8 years ago from India

    Thanks Shubham

  • profile image

    shubham 

    8 years ago

    IT'svery fantastic excellent WORK.

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    8 years ago from India

    Thanks tarun

  • profile image

    tarun 

    8 years ago

    very good....

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    8 years ago from India

    thanks abhilash

  • profile image

    abhilash 

    8 years ago

    contains all info. and thanks

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    8 years ago from India

    thanks harshini

  • profile image

    harshini 

    8 years ago

    thanks for helping my maths priject :-)

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    8 years ago from India

    Thanks Piya

  • profile image

    Piya 

    8 years ago

    Very Good

  • profile image

    guest 

    8 years ago

    thanx

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    9 years ago from India

    Thanks hampak

  • hampak profile image

    hampak 

    9 years ago from worldwide

    nice good work

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    9 years ago from India

    thanks abi

  • profile image

    abi 

    9 years ago

    thks a lotz....

  • ram_m profile imageAUTHOR

    ram_m 

    9 years ago from India

    Thank you

  • RGraf profile image

    Rebecca Graf 

    9 years ago from Wisconsin

    Very informative.

working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)