Albertosaurus lived in the mid to late cretaceous period 70 million years ago in what is now Alberta Canada. It was a smaller cousin of Tyrannosaurus Rex. It was about 30 feet long, stood 11 feet tall and weighed 2-3 tons. Albertosaurus was the apex predator in it's ecosystem. One discovery of 26 albertosaurs of varying ages has led paleontologists to believe that they lived and hunted in groups.
There are several features that set albertosaurus apart from it's larger tyrant cousins. One example is the teeth. T-rex teeth were robust rounded and more designed like railroad spikes. Albertosaur teeth while quite strong, were not as robust. They were more like other theropods teeth with a design similar to a steak knife. Another is the overall size and proprtions. Albertosaurus did not have as massive a head as T-rex and even though its arms were small they still weren't a tiny as T-rex. As a result of being smaller and sleeker, albertosaurus was likely much more agile than it's giant descendants as well, and probably could hold down a good pursuit.
The world was a much warmer place during the cretaceous period. Dinosaur Provincial Park in southern Alberta Canada was very much like the Florida Everglades 70 million years ago complete with swamps, ponds and marshes, hot humid summers, and stormy wet seasons. Fossils of the crocodile-like champsosaur that once prowled the rivers, and ancient turtle fossils found in the Park today suggest temperatures then would have ranged from 14 degrees to 35 degrees Celsius during the day. Seasonal weather patterns would have stimulated the horned dinosaurs Pachyrhinosaurus to come together in vast herds for seasonal migrations away from the flood-prone areas, alongside Hadrosaur families scattered from their nesting areas to move south in search of food. The herds of these herbivores would have been stalked by carnivores such as Troodon and Albertosaurus.
Albertosaurus was first discovered by Joseph B.Tyrrell in 1884 which is now displayed in the Royal Tyrrell Museum (now the marquee specimen of the museum). In the summer of 1884, Joseph B. Tyrrell and a crew of three men were canoeing the Red Deer River near Drumheller, prospecting the Cretaceous outcroppings based on information that a decade before small fossils had been found in the same area. Tyrrell climbed a steep rock face and rounded the point to examine a distinctive shape jutting out of the ground. Clearing away the dirt and dust, 26-year-old Tyrrell was in awe. “There was this skull leering at me, sticking right out of the ground,” Tyrrell said in an interview many years after his discovery. The sight gave him a fright, he said. “With his hands and his geologist’s hammer, he gradually uncovered the fossilized skeleton of a dinosaur,” noted the Historica Minutes Synopsis on "Joseph Tyrrell." While not a palaeontologist, Tyrrell was able to expertly remove the skull fossil and bring it to Calgary for examination. The skull was given the name Albertosaurus lizard from Alberta.
Jurassic Fight Club - Albertosaurus
- Albertosaurus, dinosaurs list, Interesting facts, Pictures, Bones, Skeletons
Albertosaurus dinosaur, a member of the Theropod family tends to be less massive than T.rex which had small arms and a enormous head with recurved serrated teeth.
- Albertosaurus - About.com Dinosaurs
This tyrannosaur was a close cousin of T. Rex.
- Albertosaurus- Enchanted Learning Software
Albertosaurus, also known as Gorgosaurus, was a relative of Tyrannosaurus rex; Albertosaurus was smaller than T. rex and lived a few million years earlier. Albertosaurus walked on two legs and had a large head with sharp, saw-toothed teeth. It had tw