ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Education and Science»
  • Architecture

Historic castles of England and Harry Potter!

Updated on May 21, 2012

The Northumberland coast

The Northumberland coast in north England holds secrets that the casual passer by would not be privy to, but, if you're not in a hurry then there is much to discover. There are villages every few miles along the coast offering accomodation. However, the weather along the coast can change rapidly and become very chilly if the wind gets up from the sea. It is important to remember this when planning a trip as appropriate clothing is essential.

The old bridge
The old bridge

Berwick upon Tweed

Berwick lies on the river Tweed on the border between England and Scotland. Although in England it is a very Scottish town and has changed hands between the kingdoms thirteen times up until 1482. As a border town Berwick has its own unique flavour.

Berwick Castle

Berwick Castle dates back to around 1150 to the time of Edward 1 and stands on a mound at the top of the town, overlooking the town and the river. It was supported by the Elizabethan fortifications but suffered when the railway was built through it. If you continue along the riverside towards the road bridges, on the left among the trees, the natural walls and banks rise up to the fortifications. Its history literally shaped the town. Apart from being walled there were 19 towers along its length which stood at 6.7 metres.

The Old Bridge

The old bridge consists of 15 arches across the river and dates back to 1611-24. It is reputed to have been built after James 1 had to cross the previous rickety wooden bridge on his way to take up the throne of England.


Bamburgh castle
Bamburgh castle

Bamburgh Castle

Standing 40 metres high and overlooking the sea Bamburgh castle has been fortified since Ida, king of Northumbria, raised a wooden fortress surrounded by a hedge. Eventually the Viking raids brought destruction to the fortress. Henry 1 first rebuilt it and it remained in royal hands, having an active history in the border wars! Queen Margaret the wife of Henry sixth used this as her fortress during the War of the Roses. Eventually James 1 gave it away to the Forsters of Addlestone who hung onto it for another 100 years.

The bishop of Durham, Lord Crew who married Dorothy Forster bought it in 1704 and began restoring the castle. He established a trust for the work so that it could continue after his death.It was eventually bought by Lord Armstrong, the Tyneside inventor who improved it to its present day condition.

Warkworth castle
Warkworth castle

Warkworth Castle

Warkworth is a beautiful unspoilt, tranquil town, one of Northumberland's treasures. It sits on the River Coquet with a castle at the top of the street. The river provides good protection on three sides while the castle potects the southern approach. There is a riverside path which runs around the town. It is a charming walk in any season and one which I've taken many times.

The castle has existed since at least 1139. It was a great symbol of national power and a bastion against the Scots. Henry, the son of the king of Scotland, was made earl of Northumberland and later it became the property of the Percy family. This is the castle of Harry Hotspur, featured in Shakespear's Henry fourth part 1 (This was one of my study subjects whilst in my last year at school) and so a little extra special for me.

The castle declined during the Percy family's absence from Northumberland, but they did give it attention again in the 18th century before finally choosing Alnwick as their retreat.

Alnwick Castle

Alnwick Castle
Alnwick Castle

Alnwick Castle

Alnwick is a magnificent castle in its own right, in a beautiful landscape setting and with a fascinating history all of its own.

The Percy family were to become one of the most powerful families in northern England up until 1670 when Earl Joceline Percy died and ended the male line of the Percys. The the castle was passed by marriage to Henry Earl of Ogle who assumed the name Percy.

A visitor to the castle in 1745 wrote 'After I had fully surveyed these ruins by walking round the walls, I found it was formerly the most strong building that I ever saw.All around the battlements is full of effigies which the weather and great length of time has now quite defaced. The grand port, or gateway, as you enter, is as strong as any I have seen in Flanders, with everything belonging to modern fortification'

The castle remained in a semi-neglected state until c.1766, when it was renovated by Duke Hugh. This included remodelling the keep, the removal of various buildings from both baileys, rebuilding the curtain wall, and building the domestic blocks against the south curtain. Between 1854-65 there were more extensive alterations and additions. Another visitor to the castle in1890 notes that the first banquet prepared in the kitchen was 'for the regalement of the 600 workmen who had assisted in the great works' and continues his description of the castle with the fact that 'there about 400 apartments in the castle. In the stable courts are many chambers for coach-men, grooms, and stablemen, and a large coach-house with an open timbered roof, which also serves as a guest-hall upon occasions'.

Today Alnwick castle is one of the most visited in England and has been one of the most important places in Northumberland for nearly a thousand years. Recent work on the gardens have turned these into a popular tourist attraction in their own right, and the castle has achieved fame with a new generation through its role as Hogwarts in the Harry Potter films..

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      kelleyward 5 years ago

      I love visiting castles. It's been a while since I've been in England. This is a great article. Voted up! Take care, Kelley

    • Coolmon2009 profile image

      Coolmon2009 5 years ago from Texas, USA

      Nice article and nice pictures; I once visited a castle in Ireland, I hope to visit some more soon.

    • cherriquinn profile image
      Author

      cherriquinn 5 years ago from UK. England. Newcastle upon Tyne

      Kelleyward, Coolmon, Thanks for your comments. I'm glad you enjoyed reading about just a few of the castles in England.

    • BlossomSB profile image

      Bronwen Scott-Branagan 5 years ago from Victoria, Australia

      Love the pictures. They remind me of all the castles we've visited in Britain.

      Your hub was interesting,too.

    • cherriquinn profile image
      Author

      cherriquinn 5 years ago from UK. England. Newcastle upon Tyne

      Blossom thankyou for your appreciation and comment.There are so many castles here in the UK, but I stuck to the ones in my home area that I know.

    • alian346 profile image

      alian346 5 years ago from Edinburgh, Scotland

      There's something absolutely magical, wild and other-worldly about Bamburgh. I think it's to do with its situation - kind of like Eilean Donan on the way to Skye.

      Thanks for bringing back a lot of memories!

      Ian.

    • cherriquinn profile image
      Author

      cherriquinn 5 years ago from UK. England. Newcastle upon Tyne

      Hi there Ian Ive never visited Eilean Donan castle. I will have to put on my to do list! It is viewed as one of the most romantic in Scotland I understand x

    • alian346 profile image

      alian346 5 years ago from Edinburgh, Scotland

      Very beautiful! Have a look:

      http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eilean_Donan

      Ian.

    • Civil War Bob profile image

      Civil War Bob 5 years ago from Glenside, Pennsylvania

      Good hub, CQ...especially with Vivaldi playing in the background on another tab! ;) Voted up, useful, beautiful, and interesting. As a carpenter, I often marvel at the way these castles and other grand buildings were constructed "back in the day." Enjoy your day.

    • cherriquinn profile image
      Author

      cherriquinn 5 years ago from UK. England. Newcastle upon Tyne

      CWB hahaha! Thankyou for reading and your humour. Still laughing! A carpenter eh? unfortunately a dying trade where I live but I do love wood furniture. We have so many castles in the UK and they are quite spectacular constructions. Thankyou for making me smile.

    Click to Rate This Article