ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Flight history

Updated on January 13, 2014
The legendary Concorde
The legendary Concorde
Leonarod Da Vinci flight design
Leonarod Da Vinci flight design

Aviation… Conquest Of The Sky since 1818

From ancient times men dreamed of leaving the ground. The easiest way to do this was to fall off a cliff, neither the safest nor the most efficient way to do so. Something radical had to be conceived, something that employed mechanical innovations and science to a whole new level. They had to create engines and motors…

From dead start the aviation was clearly restricted to non powered controversial flight machines, innovated by pioneers(Leonardo Da Vinci etc) who were magested with the prospect of a man flying. Some mechanical propulsion also was tried out but failed catastrophically, mainly because the power/weight ratio of pre-oil engines was that awful that they had no chance of lifting them selfs .

At last a breakthrough came at the end of the 18th century. On 21 november of 1783, in Paris, the first untethered manned balloon took to the skies. The dreams of many people came true by Jean-François Pilâtre de Rozier and François Laurent d'Arlandes in a hot air balloon created by the Montgolfier brothers.


The next step and the first study of the air and aviation came at the 19th century while the perfection of the infamous rigid airship more known in our days as Zeppelins.

The zeppelins proved excellent testing beds both for civil and military aviation, earning violable know how for the humanity and attracting man and brains in a field, were not long before was considered, madness or witchery. These flying devices dominated the skies for the haul 19th to the 20th century and paved the way and built the infrastructure and demants for the future breakthrough, the fixed wing aircraft.

20th Century

In the very early 20th century there were many attempts to create an aircraft, accompanied by some real misses and a very big death toll and numerous injury listings. But, although all the misfortunes, at 17th December 1903 at Kitty Hawk US of America Orville and Wilbur Wright materialized the dreams of countless people in history, achieving the first fixed wing engine powered aircraft take off-Sustained and controlled fight-and made a somewhat controlled landing in known history. The first flight lasted 12 seconds for a total distance of 120 ft (36.5 m), but it was more than enough. The rest are history which can be seen even today in the air. DC3s, Comets, Jumbo Jets, Concord…in a little more than one century, the totally empty skies are crowded with metal behemoths that connect us to any corner on earth and deliver any kind of goods in virtually overnight.

Boeing 747-400 going ballistic :D
Boeing 747-400 going ballistic :D
ATR 72-600
ATR 72-600
I know it looks like a toy but some of them can land with more than 40 nm crosswind!!!
I know it looks like a toy but some of them can land with more than 40 nm crosswind!!!

Gyrocopter - Gyro - Autogyro

Next target? Vertical takeoff. All the great myths describing flying objects that can carry men(magic carpet, Chinese magical chair) had one think in common, they did not require a runway.At early 20s the target was achieved.At first in the form of a gyrocopter(gyro/autogyro), which is a hybrid between a wingless aircraft and helicopter flew at 9 January 1923. Although most of them were not capable of a complete vertical takeoff, but more concentrated to STOL(Short Take-Off and Landing) performance until late 30s.

Focke-Wulf 61 The first true Helicopter
Focke-Wulf 61 The first true Helicopter

Helicopters - The angel of mercy

During the WWII vertical take off was needed for spacial opperations(See Mussolini's escape from Campo Imperatore, which was to be conducted by a prototype helicopter). Aircraft require a runways to take off and the size, slow vertical and horizontal speed of hotair ballons and zepelins made them unfit for those rolls. Then came a revolution, based on an existing concept. Grasping the advancements of gyroplanes and developing them further in order to overcome the problem of taking off weigh, the German company Focke-Wulf developed the model 61 which flew first time on 1934.Although not very successful in WWII, after WWII and especially in Korean/Vietnam battlefields the helicopters redeemed themselves, making them one of the most valuable and versatile tools of US forces and especially in EVAC(evacuation) operations and transport of wounded soldiers , earning the Bell Huey the title the angel of mercy.

Of course many advancement and improvements came into effect till today each one making its impact in history of aviation.Who doesn`t know the names Sikorsky, Agusta-Bell, Robinson, if you don`t you have the problem my fellow readers.

Which invention is most crucial in aviation

See results


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)