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Biodiversity - Amazing Newly Explored Species of 2009

Updated on July 17, 2010

Biologists and taxonomy experts are on a constant lookout for new species and keep exploring the deep sea-floors, rainforests, mountains and deserts for drawing our attention to biodiversity. Thousands and thousands of new species get discovered every year as a result of their endeavour and reminds us of our ecosystem where we co-exist with these exotic species.

Annually, The International Institute for Species Exploration at Arizona State University announces the top ten amazing species of the previous year. The announcements are particularly made on 23rd May to commemorate the birth anniversary of Carolus Linneaus, the father of taxonomy (classification of plant and animal kingdom).

This hub discloses the amazing list of top ten newly found species.

The Top Ten Exotic Species

The top ten biodiverse species were discovered from different parts of the world and are characterized by their unique intriguing features. 

1. Attenborough Pitcher - Scientific name: Nepenthes attenboroughii

This is a magnificent plant species, which produces the largest known pitchers , each as big as American football. Another interesting characteristic of this enigmatic plant species is its diet. It is a carnivore and feeds on insects and insect larvae which gets stuck in the glue-like fluid of the pitcher. The plant is known to exist only in the Philippine island of Palawan .

2. Green Bomber - Scientific name: Swima bombiviridis

This is a worm found in deep-sea water (below 1,800 metres) off the central coast of California. These worms release green bioluminescent (biochemical which gives out light) 'bombs' as a defensive mechanism. As you see in the picture below, the two elliptical bulbs near the head, which are actually modified gills are released when threatened and are implied as 'bombs'. The released organs glow brilliantly with green bioluminescence for a few seconds.


Attenborough Pitcher
Attenborough Pitcher
Green Bomber
Green Bomber

3. Minnow With Fangs - Scientific name: Danionella dracula

This is a fresh water fish, also called dracula fish which belongs to the largest family of fresh water fish Cyprinidae. Interestingly the male species have canine-like fangs to fight with other males. This is the first record of toothed-fish and these were found in a stream in Kachin State, Myanmar.

4. Golden Orb Spider - Scientific name: Nephila komaci

Largest species of the spider found in South Africa and characterized by their ability to spin the largest webs known till date, often greater than a meter in diameter.

Minnow with fangs
Minnow with fangs
Golden orb spider
Golden orb spider

5. Edible Yam - Scientific name: Dioscorea orangeana

Found in Madagascar, a weird-looking edible yam with 'many fingers' represents the family of Angona yams. It has a unique tuber morphology with digitated lobes instead of one in usual cases.

6. Killer Sponge - Scientific name: Chondrocladia (Meliiederma) turbiformis

Killer sponges are familiar for a while but the spinning top appearance made it one of the toplisted candidates.This carnivorous sponge is found deep under the sea.

Edible yam
Edible yam
Killer sponge
Killer sponge

7. Aiteng Ater - Scientific name: Aiteng ater

Inhabitant of the Pak Phanang Bay in the Gulf of Thailand , these slimy slugs are exclusive in their dining habits. Unlike an usual algae or gastropod eggs diet, these species feast on insects. This discovery has resulted in a new family Aitengidae .

8. Psychedelic Frogfish - Scientific name: Histiophryne psechedelica

Found in the Indonesian waters , this frogfish has a unique flat face and psychedelic pattern . Scientists believe that these species find their way through the dark caves by sensing the edges with the splayed-out flate face.

Aiteng ater - Slimy bug eaters
Aiteng ater - Slimy bug eaters
Psychedelic Frogfish
Psychedelic Frogfish

9. Two-inch mushroom - Scientific name: Phallus drewesii

This is a stink-horned fungus, found in the island of Sao Tome in Africa. Its name was given after taking due permission from the honourable scientist, Dr. Robert C. Drewes at California Academy who had spent 30 years on research and species exploration in Sao Tome, Africa.

10. Omars' Banded Knife Fish - Scientific name: Gymnotus omarorum

An Uruguyan electric fish got its name from the scientists Omar Macadar and Omar Trujillo-Cenoz who did pioneering research work in anatomy and physiology of the electrogenesis of electric eels belonging to the family Gymnotus.

Two inch mushroom
Two inch mushroom
Omars' Banded Knife fish
Omars' Banded Knife fish

Create Biodiversity Awareness

According to scientists, about 75 to 90% of the existing species on earth are still undiscovered by human beings. It is extremely essential and to the best interest of human lives that we need to explore new species, study about their unique attributes and document their features. This effort will not only allow us to know and be aware of the biodiversity around us but also serve to educate the next generation of the evolutionary history of life on earth.



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    • sriparna profile imageAUTHOR


      8 years ago from New Delhi

      Thanks for your insightful comments, Pearldiver. Yes, it's really nice to know that we are co-existing with so vast spectrum of species around us. And all small and big species are inter-related in some way under the umbrella of a common ecosystem.

    • Pearldiver profile image

      Rob Welsh 

      8 years ago from Tomorrow - In Words & NZ Time.

      Excellent selection species that try to survive around us. Last Our coastline (NZ) was investigated and in the depths of 1600m + off White Island Volcano, living in the active undersea vents were over 600 different species. The same scientists also found an unusual breed of sheep living behind the BumbleTown Pub.. that had apparently been hidden there for over 50 years by one the patrons... So there is life everywhere that we shouldn't just take for granted. Thanks for sharing this information. Keep writing and Take care.


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