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Chronology of British East India Company Rule in India 1498-1858

Updated on January 12, 2014

The Europeans were trading with Indian subcontinent though the route of West Asia, but as there were conflicts between Europeans and Arabs, this route was closed. So Europeans started to search a new route to reach India. in 1498, Vasco Da Gama reached Calicut, a trade city on western shore of India. This gave a way to establish new trade relations with India to the Europeans. Soon the Portuguese, Dutch, French and British succeeded to establish their own rule on various regions of India. However, in later period British rulers won in this race by defeating French rulers. Britishers ruled most of the India until 1947, while the Portuguese ruled a small region until 1960. Here is the timeline:

15th Century

1498: Portuguese explorer Vasco D Gama arrives at Calicut, a South Indian city on Western shore of India. It was 20th May of 1498.

16th Century

1509: Afonso de Albuquerque a Portuguese General establishes Portuguese rule in Goa, a region on the western shore of India.

1600: British East India Company founded.

British East India Company Flag 1801
British East India Company Flag 1801 | Source

1601 to 1700

1601: Dutch East India Company Established

1613-14 East India Company sets up a trading post at Surat, West Coast of India.

1615: East India Company acquires its first territory in Bombay, now known as Mumbai.

1615: Sir Thomas Roe becomes Ambassador of Britain to the court of Mughal Emperor Jahangir

1615 to 1618: Mughal Empire grants Britishers the right to trade and establish factories in the empire.

1640: Trading post established by Britishers at Madras (Now Chennai)

1690: Trading post established by Britishers at Calcutta (Now Kolkata)

Warren Hastings, First Governor General of India
Warren Hastings, First Governor General of India | Source

1701 to 1800

1740 to 1748: First Anglo-French War

1749 to 1754 Second Anglo-French War

1756 to 1763 Third Anglo-French War

1757: Battle of Plassey, British East India Company defeats Nawab of Bengal and his French allies. Company rule on Bengal established

1765: Lord Clive becomes Governor of Bengal

1765 Treaty of Allahabad between Mughal Emperor Shah Alam II and Lord Clive, the Governor of Bengal.

1767 to 1769 First war between British and Mysore

1772 to 1785 Warren Hastings becomes Governor of Bengal

1773: Regulating Act Act imposed on East India Company by Parliament of Britain to Company Rule in India.

1774: Warren Hastings becomes first Governor General of British India

1775: Sir William Jones founds Bengal Asiatic Society

1775 to 1782: First Anglo-Maratha War took place at Pune

1780 to 1784 Second war between Britishers and Mysore

1784: British Parliament imposes Pitt's India Act to bring company rule under control of British Government.

1786: Lord Cornwallis becomes Governor General of India

1793: British Parliament passes Company Charter Act to renew the charter issued to East India Company and to continue Company Rule in India

1798: Lord lord wellesley becomes Governor General of India

1798 to 1799: Fourth War between Britishers and Mysore

1799: Tipu Sultan dies.

1801 to 1858

1802 to 1805: Second Anglo-Maratha War, took place at Central India, resulting British Victory.

1805: Sir George Barlow becomes Governor General of India

1813: British Parliament act to renew Company Charter

1813: Lord Hastings becomes Governor General of India

1817 to 1819: Third Anglo-Maratha War took place in the state of Maharashtra

1823: Lord Amherst becomes Governor General of India

1824 to 1826 First Anglo-Burmese War resulting in British victory

1828: Sir William Beatings becomes Governor General of India

1833: Company Charter

1835: Sir Charles Metacalfe becomes Governor General of India

1836: Lord Auckland becomes Governor General of India

1839 to 1842: First Anglo-Afghan War, Afghans defeat East India Company

1842:Lord Ellen borough becomes Governor General of India

1843: Sindh province merged into British India

1844: Lord Henry Hardinje becomes Governor General of India

1844: First Sikh War, took place in Punjab resulting British victory

1848: Lord Dalhousie becomes Governor General of India

1849: Punjab merged in British India

1852: Second Burma War. British rule imposed on South Burma

1853: Company Charter Act to renew Company Rule in India

1857 to 1858: Nationwide Indian revolt against British rule.

1858: British victory on the rebellions

Indian States During Revolt of 1857

Map of Indian States during revolt of 1857
Map of Indian States during revolt of 1857 | Source

© 2014 Mahaveer Sanglikar


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