Common gynaecological problems in teenage girls
Teenage is known for freedom and rebelliousness. However, it is also marked as the start of a plethora of gynaecological issues. This is the age of commencing many physical and mental changes that can have many unpleasant symptoms or outcomes. Many teenage girls are shy to disclose the problems they are facing and are scared of adolescence. Here, we will have a look at the common gynaecological problems in teenage girls.
- Menstrual disorders
The menstrual disorder is the most common problem in the teenage girls and is experienced in almost 75% cases. It ranges from absence of period to prolonged and heavy menses. The average age of starting the menstruation is between 11 and 14 and it is completely fine to have somewhat abnormal flow during the first two years of menstruation. However, uterine or vaginal bleeding in a girl younger than 11 years and absence of menses in a girl over 15 years warrants an appointment with a gynaecologist.
- Secondary amenorrhea and Oligomenorrhea
Secondary amenorrhea indicates the of menses for three or more months in a girl who was menstruating earlier. In oligomenorrhea, a girl has infrequent menstrual periods with a regular gap of more than 35 days. These conditions need a checkup and treatment from a as these can be an indication of PCOD (Poly Cystic Ovarian Disease)
- Painful periods
40-90% of the teenage girls suffer from dysmenorrhea or the painful and heavy periods. It is normal to have menstrual cramps and heavy bleeding, especially during the first two years after starting the menses. However, severe pain or cramps and heavy flow that is hampering daily activities of a teenager such as attending a school is not normal and should not .
- Ovarian cysts
Ovarian cysts are commonly observed in teenagers and often require observation. Many times, they respond to the medicines and get resolved. However, very large cysts with solid component might need to be removed by surgery.
- Vaginal discharge
It is characterized by a thick or white ‘curdy’ discharge with vaginal itchiness, soreness burning sensation during urination. Maintenance of hygiene along with over the counter and prescribed medicines can be used to alleviate the symptoms.
- HPV infection
Young age and sexual activity expose the teenage girls to HPV infections which are the most common sexually transmitted infections in this group. Most of the HPV infections last for a limited period and do not show any symptoms. However, few of the teenagers with persistent infections need to further.
It is a condition in which the layer of the tissue inside the uterus, also grows outside of it and is observed in the adolescents having persistent dysmenorrhea that do not get alleviated by the oral medicines. The condition needs to with medical treatment and complementary procedures.
It is common to have gynaecological problems in teenage girls; however, they should not be overlooked. Teenage girls should have their first gynaecological visit between the age of thirteen and fifteen. Book an appointment of the best gynecologist in Hyderabad today to help your daughter stay in her optimal reproductive age in her lifetime