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IB Revision Notes - Comparison of European Dictators

Updated on April 17, 2014

The Faces of the Four

The infamous Adolf Hitler - Dictator of Nazi Germany, The Third Reich
The infamous Adolf Hitler - Dictator of Nazi Germany, The Third Reich | Source
Stalin or Ioseb Besarionis Dze Jugashvili, the man responsible for at least 25million deaths.
Stalin or Ioseb Besarionis Dze Jugashvili, the man responsible for at least 25million deaths. | Source
Bennito Mussolini - The founder of Fascism
Bennito Mussolini - The founder of Fascism | Source
Lenin - the founder of Communist Russia
Lenin - the founder of Communist Russia | Source


- Lenin 1917-1924 Authoritarian/Socialism

  • Rise to Power
    • 1903-1917
    • Starvation
    • Economic Chaos
    • World War 1
    • Failure of Provisional Government
    • Bolshevism
    • Famine
    • No industrialization
    • Serfdom
    • Tsardom
    • Orator
    • Feb. & Oct. Revolution
    • Soviet Support
    • Marxist-Leninism
    • Centralized Democracy

  • Consolidation of Power 1917-1921
    • Cheka – Secret Police
    • No Factualism
    • Support of Army & Trotzky
    • Censorship
    • War communism
    • New Economic Policy
    • Civil War
  • Domestic Policies
    • Marxist “Classless” society
    • “Peace, Bread & Land” slogan
    • Abolishment of Private Property
    • Cheka
    • Constituent Assembly
    • Extensive Nationalization
    • Forceful requisition of grain
    • Temporary abolition of money
    • New Economic Policy
    • Civil War
    • Slight return to Capitalism during crisis
  • Foreign Policy
    • Separate peace with Germany
      • 1917
      • Treaty Of Brest-Litovsk
      • Loss of Territories
    • Increased influence in Asia


- Stalin 1928 – 1953 Totalitarian/Communism

  • Rise to power = Consolidation of Power!!! 1924 – 1929
    • General Secretary
    • Member of Ogburo & Politburo
    • Economic chaos
    • Lenin’s Death
    • Power Struggle
    • Collective leadership – Zinoviev, Kamenev, Bukharin
    • Trotsky
    • Lenin’s funeral as propaganda
    • No clear ideology, only self-interest
    • Tactile
    • Supported by peasants and workers
    • Great Purges 1932 – 1936 of Army
  • Domestic policies
    • Increased military power
    • “Socialism in one country”
    • Slow increase in standards of living
    • Dekulakisation – Purges
    • Collectivization
    • Infrastructure & Industry – Magnitogorsk
    • Gulag labour camps
    • Show trial of Bukharin
    • Newspaper “Pravda”
    • Starvation & Poverty
    • Propaganda and Religion Ban
    • Anti-Semitism
    • Dictatorial Power
    • Nationalism
    • Socialist Realism
    • Rearmament
  • Foreign Policy
    • Rapallo Treaty with Germany
    • Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact
    • World War 2 – Potsdam, Teheran, Yalta conf.
    • Atomic Age
    • Cold War
    • Korean War


- Mussolini 1922-1945 Authoritarian Fascism

  • Rise to Power
    • Mutilated Victory of Versailles
    • Power given to him by King
    • Economic Chaos
    • March on Rome
    • Proportional representation
    • Blackshirts
    • Nationalism
    • World War 1
    • Anti-socialist movement
    • Paramilitary troops
    • Supported by the army and elite
    • Orator
  • Consolidation of Power
    • No economic change
    • Secret Police
    • Murder of political opp. – Matziotti
    • Concordat with Catholic Church
    • Propaganda
  • Domestic Policies
    • Propaganda – Personality cult, orator
    • Church & Religious support
    • Battle of Birth – increase in Population
    • Battle of Grain – increase in food supply
    • Doppolavoro – rest & recreation
    • Nationalism – Oath
    • “Believe, Obey, And Fight!” Slogan
    • Industrialization
    • Fascism
    • Poor armament
    • Youth movement
    • Altering of educational system

  • Foreign policies
    • Opposition of Versailles settlement
    • World War 2 with Hitler
    • Rome-Berlin axis
    • Involvement in Spanish civil war
    • Colonization of Abyssinia
    • Silo republic


- Hitler 1933 – 1945 Totalitarian/Nazism

  • Rise to Power
    • Mein Kampf book
    • Nationalism
    • Orator – Goebbels, Goering
    • Munich Putsch
    • World War 1 Veteran
    • Fascism
    • Unemployment
    • Great Depression
    • Versailles Treaty
    • Weak Weimar Republic
    • Anti-socialist movement
    • Ruhr crisis
    • Propaganda
    • Legal rise to power through electoral support
    • Elitist support
    • Von Hindenburg & Von Papen
  • Consolidation of Power
    • Reichstag Fire – against socialists
    • Propaganda
    • Gestapo & SA
    • “Enabling Act”
    • Night of the Long Knives – internal purge
    • Single Party State
  • Domestic Policies
    • Gestapo
    • Social Darwinism
    • Gleichschaltung & Lebensraum
    • Anti-Semitism, Anti-Socialism
    • Holocaust
    • Volksgemeinschaft
    • Forced labour
    • Total censorship
    • Propaganda, media, oratory
    • No opposition
    • Armament
    • General conscription
    • Hosbach Memorandum & Wahnsee conference
    • Concentration Camps
    • Ghettos
    • Extermination camps
  • Foreign Policy
    • World War 2
    • Revision of Versailles Treaty
    • Left League of Nations
    • Fortress Europe


Stalin, Hitler & Mussolini

The worst of all

Which of the above can be seen as the worst of all four?

See results


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      3 years ago

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      3 years ago

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      3 years ago

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    • Mathewson profile imageAUTHOR

      Andro Mathewson 

      4 years ago from Germany

      Thanks Andri, I hope you mean the Revision note, not the dictators. jk :)

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      Andri yuliawan 

      4 years ago

      i like them so


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