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Updated on April 9, 2010


Before a student becomes a student teacher he needs to pass the general education program of the college. The courses in education are designed to give insights into the sociological, philosophical, psychological and anthropological foundations of education, the curriculum, methods of teaching, utilization of instructional resources, techniques of evaluation and the professional responsibilities of school personnel. Indicated below are the duties and responsibilities of the student teacher.

1.   Set clear purposes — Competent teachers have clear pur­poses in mind for each learning experience. Each daily lesson plan, each unit of study, contributes to the achieve­ment of worthwhile purposes.

2.   Study individual and class needs — He formulates pur­poses and bases his planning on the specific needs, abilities, achievement and interests of the pupils with whom he is working.

3.    Study the community — This is done to gain understand­ing of children and their home background.

4.   Provide a balanced program — Utilize teacher's guides, teacher's manuals, courses of study and other curriculum materials.

5.   Make effective plans —Good planning involves bringing together clear purposes, knowledge of the children and the community and suggestions from curriculum guides and teacher's manual.

6.   Make content meaningful — A thorough knowledge of the subject matter and use of effective methods for developing both the meaning and the significance of what is taught.

7.   Provide for individual and group work —Individual work is provided to ensure that the specific needs of each learner are met. Group work is provided when common needs and purposes of the entire class, or a group within the class are to be met.

8.   Provide a good environment for learning — It should be a healthful environment with proper lighting, ventilation and temperature. The room should be inviting and chal­lenging to children.

9.    Use appropriate methods and materials — Employ skills in using the most effective methods and instructional resources.

10.   Evaluate from the beginning to the end — Appraisal of children's learning and value of various methods and materials should be done.

11.    Maintain professional relationship —Relationships with one's co-workers, pupils, parents, the community and the profession, are clearly outlined in the code of ethics for school personnel.


In order to carry out the aforementioned duties and responsibilities, the following expectancies should be borne in mind.


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