ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Education and Science»
  • Geography, Nature & Weather

Haiyuan Earthquake Day 200,000 Lost Their Lives

Updated on June 7, 2011

On December 16, 1920, a huge part of China was rocked by a catastrophic earthquake, the third deadliest earthquake of all time, reportedly measuring 7.8 on the Richter scale and claiming over 200,000 lives. The 1920 Haiyuan Earthquake or the 1920 Gansu Earthquake, as it is now known occurred in Haiyuan County, Ningxia Province in China at approximately 8pm local time. Measuring as XII or Catastrophic on the Mercalli earthquake intensity scale (the highest possible degree), the Haiyuan Earthquake had the intensity causing total damage; lines of sight and level completely distorted with objects thrown into the air and with the ground moving in ripples.

Earthquake in China

Most of the damage that came from the earthquake was due to landslides. Large-scale landslides occurred on slopes and since the Ningxia Province had numerous slopes and some of them being steep, caused monumental damage. The effect of the 7.8 magnitude earthquake is still on record for being one of the deadliest natural disasters ever recorded. With reported 240,000 lives lost due to the earthquake, the 1920 Haiyuan Earthquake is recorded as the 8th worst natural disaster in the history of the world. The Haiyuan Earthquake is also said to be the third deadliest recorded earthquake, the second being in Tangshan, China in 1976 and the deadliest, claiming over 800,000 lives was recorded in Shaanxi China in 1556.

Many of the locals in Haiyuan were caught off-guard prior to the earthquake. With Haiyuan being mostly a farming area, most of the locals were asleep or heading to bed in preparation for an early morning tomorrow when the earthquake happened. In Haiyuan County alone, over 70,000 deaths were recorded, due to it being the epicenter of the earthquake, where the full effects of the earthquake were felt. An entire village was buried in nearby Xiji County due to massive landslides that stretched over kilometers with high velocity, causing massive catastrophe. In Guyuan County, over 30,000 deaths were reported and entire houses collapsed in the nearby cities of Longde and Huining, both counties in the Ningxia province. While the damage was catastrophicnear the epicenter, the earthquake was felt, in various levels of degrees, from Tsinghai Province to the edge of the Yellow Sea and from Mongolia, in the north, all the way to the Sichuan Province.

After a catastrophic earthquake

The rescuers after the earthquake in China
The rescuers after the earthquake in China

The earthquake caused substantial damage to at least seven provinces in and around the earthquake epicenter and the after-effects of the earthquake was complete devastation. Landslides, numerous accounts were reported, continued for days after the earthquake, ground cracks were seen throughout the area and over 200 kilometers of faults were seen forming across provinces. Rivers were also dammed as a result of the earthquake, cutting off precious supply of water to cities and tiny provinces and seiches, tall stationary waves were reported as far away as Norway as a result of the earthquake.

Since the Haiyuan Earthquake happened at an era when technological advancements were not yet discovered and people had no prior knowledge of natural disasters coming their way, the number of casualties were high since the earthquake happened at a densely populated province and as of now, December 16’s Haiyuan Earthquake is still considered one of the worst earthquakes to have ever happened in the history of mankind.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    • profile image

      Not telling 6 years ago

      Very good, helped a lot, but no info on the plates that collided to activate the earthquake.

    • profile image

      No Name 6 years ago

      Thanks for the help!

    • profile image

      rawr 7 years ago

      it doesn't have any info on the plates that collided to activate the earthquake

    • profile image

      star 8 years ago

      awesome i got enogh info 4 my project

    • profile image

      abagail 8 years ago

      great info for my assignment thank you heaps!

    • ocbill profile image

      ocbill 8 years ago from hopefully somewhere peaceful and nice

      Great info on earthquakes in China. I am not sure why but I make it an effort to not stay a long time in mountainous locations.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: "https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr"

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)