ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Dream Come True: Madame CJ Walker

Updated on March 11, 2016

Madame C.J. Walker

Madame C.J. Walker
Madame C.J. Walker | Source

From Wash Tubs to 5th Avenue

Dream Come True: Madame C.J. Walker



Sarah’s hair was falling out. That’s how it all began; Sarah’s hair started falling out, and the young washerwoman was desperate. She prayed to God for a miracle. It came to her in a dream, a message that would save her from disfigurement.

And just like that, Sarah went from being an overworked washerwoman to America’s first black female millionaire.

It was a long road to get there though; born Sarah Breedlove in Delta, Louisiana on December 23, 1867, she was the very first in a family of sharecroppers to be born free. Being free didn’t make life much easier for a young black girl in those days, and Sarah was orphaned by the time she was seven, was married at fourteen, had her daughter Lelia when she was seventeen, and was widowed at twenty when a mob lynched her first husband. Wanting to get away from the violence, Sarah packed up her young daughter and moved to St. Louis, where for eighteen years she supported them both by working as a washerwoman. There she joined a church whose congregation included many of the city’s elite black women who taught Sarah middle class speech and manners.

But manners weren’t going to save Sarah’s hair, which was falling out due to a likely combination of low protein diets common among poor women, subpar hygiene given the lack of appropriate facilities and levels of mercury found in many medications of the day. It was traumatizing for Sarah, but hope came in the form of a dream. She claimed that she dreamt that one of her ancestors from Africa came to her and taught her a recipe for a formula that would save her hair. Sarah was soon mixing the formula and, to her ecstatic relief, the formula worked, and her hair grew back. In time she began selling her products door to door. Now married to Charles J. Walker, her third husband, Sarah began calling her products, “Madame C.J. Walker,” adding the “Madame” to let people know that she was married—and to give it a bit of flair.

Sarah’s hair products were a smash hit, and within five years she had earned enough to build the Madame C.J. Walker Manufacturing Company in Indianapolis, Indiana, and hired 3000 people to work there. Over time she employed an additional 2000 black women to work as her “agents,” dressed in uniform black and white and selling her merchandises door to door out of large black bags. She also founded the Walker College of Hair Culture and began a mail-order business. When acclaimed jazz singer Josephine Baker discovered Madame C.J. Walker’s products and brought them to Paris, business really soared.


Madam CJ Walker Manufacturing Company, Indianapolis, Indiana 1911

Madam CJ Walker Manufacturing Company, Indianapolis, Indiana 1911
Madam CJ Walker Manufacturing Company, Indianapolis, Indiana 1911

No longer a washerwoman, Madame Walker was now raking in millions of dollars in revenue, but she never forgot where she came from. She visited her agents regularly and extolled the virtues of cleanliness and philanthropy. At a yearly convention for the agents, Madame Walker gave cash prizes to local affiliates that had done the most community work. During World War I she was a continual subscriber of war bonds.

But Madame Walker enjoyed the perks of being rich as well; in the beginning when she toured the United States, she had been forced to sit in the horrible segregated train cars … but with her business skyrocketing, she was able to afford her own personal car. She and her daughter Leila (later A’Lelia Walker) moved to New York, where they hired a black architect to construct a house for them on Hudson River, not far from another rich family, the Rockefellers. She opened a town house and hair salon on 136th Street in Harlem that was as beautiful as anything established on 5th Avenue in Manhattan.

Unfortunately, bad health caught up with Madame Walker, and she died from kidney failure and hypertension. She worked right up to the end though, defying doctor’s orders, and in her will she stipulated that her company must always be run by a woman (unfortunately, men soon took over, and they began to sell the skin-lightening creams that she always detested). “I had a dream, and that dream begot other dreams until I am now surrounded by all my dreams come true,” she said shortly before her death at the age of 51. Her daughter Lelia carried on her mother’s philanthropic beliefs, hosting a gathering called The Dark Tower where black musicians, artists and authors met with influential white intellectuals, publishers and critics, sparking the beginning of the Harlem Renaissance.

Madame C.J. Walker works referenced:

America’s Women, by Gail Collins

Cool Women, by Dawn Chipman et al

Madame CJ Walker http://www.pbs.org/wnet/african-americans-many-rivers-to-cross/history/100-amazing-facts/madam-walker-the-first-black-american-woman-to-be-a-self-made-millionaire/

Madame CJ Walker Driving an Automobile

Madame CJ Walker Driving an Automobile
Madame CJ Walker Driving an Automobile

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)