ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Esotericism and Politics: the Mattei Affair

Updated on September 25, 2015
Enrico Mattei
Enrico Mattei

In the end of the previous hub entitled Esotericism And Politics: The Secret Origins Of United Europe, I mentioned the Mattei Affair, which was sensational enough to merit a movie directed by Italian filmmaker Francesco Rosi. According to what is stated in the book, such affair is connected with the actions of the executory level of the “Structure”.

The American Contingent was a branch of the Structure in Europe; elitist, conservative and anti-communist, it was the first promoter of the European Union.

The American Contingent

The executory level of the Structure was formed by the so-called "American Contingent", a kind of strategic and operational team, very well selected and disguised. It was characterized by Jewish heritage, strong Masonic connotation, conservative and anti-communist nature. Distinctly elitist, it was also called "The union of the best" or "L'école des hommes", referring to a prototype of "a cosmic Man, door opener and keeper of the keys "(cited). André Malraux in 1947 apparently used such organization to repel the attempt by the Communists to take power in France.

Allegedly the America Contingent would have given the first impulse to the European Union — covertly, as not even Maurice Schumann was aware of that —; and it would have been such organization to execute the murder of Enrico Mattei, through its "armed wing", at the time directed, in Italy, by two individuals named Nutting and Lobineau.

Incidentally, it should be noted that the name of the second one refers, quite surprisingly, to the famous Dossier Secrets de Henri Lobineau and consequently to the ambiguous personality of Pierre Plantard and his Priory of Sion, which in turn refers to the mazy affair of Rennes-le-Château. This, just to say that complex political and historical events end up intertwined with elements of esoteric, mythical and legendary nature, as we shall see in a future article.

Secret agreements established during the War constrained Italy to be energy dependent on the United States.

Energy dependence of Italy

Let us now resume the thread of the story. What has Mattei's affair to do with the European unification?

The connection is in the agreements signed in the period 1943-'44, between the United States and the various national Resistance forces (excluding the pro-communist components). These agreements contemplated political and economic clauses, well-defined and binding: the first ones, to guarantee the future political stability of Europe as part of the Western democracies; the second ones, for the post-war reconstruction and economic recovery. Among the economic clauses there was the commitment of Italy to use, for several decades, energy resources provided by American companies or controlled by them: this was considered as an indirect and easier way to pay at least part of the present and future costs.

Thus it is precisely in this context that we should frame the murder of Enrico Mattei in 1962: the President of ENI would have been killed for attempting to untie Italy from its energy dependence on United States, contrary to the established agreements.

Enrico Mattei wanted to break the oligopoly of the "Seven Sisters" and free Italy from energy dependence on the United States.

The murder of Enrico Mattei

But what exactly did Enrico Mattei? Born in 1906 from a humble family, he succeeded to make a quick career in the chemical industry. In May 1943 he met the Christian Democrat leader Giuseppe Spataro, who introduced him into anti-Fascist circles in Milan. Soon after the forced resignation of Mussolini on July 25, 1943, he joined a partisan group of the Italian Resistance movement, despite suspicion over his former membership of the Fascist Party. Because of his impressive organisational and military skills, the Christian Democrats put him in command of their partisan forces. Mattei participated in the North Italian military command of the National Liberation Committee on behalf of the Christian Democrats. After the end of the War he was decorated by the United States with the Silver Star.

In 1945, the NLC appointed Mattei to the leadership of AGIP, the national oil company created by the fascist regime. The instructions were to close it as soon as possible, but instead he worked hard to restructure the company and transform it into one of the nation's most important economic assets. Mattei's strategy was to exploit the natural gas resources of the Northern Italy, and he managed to greatly expand the activities of AGIP, thanks also to his ability to gain the support of many newspapers and of some parts of the political and business ambit.

In 1953 AGIP was merged into a newly created company, ENI, of which Mattei was initially President, then also Administrator and General Director. Soon realizing the need to secure foreign supplies, because of the insufficiency of the domestic resources, he expanded abroad and turned his attention to the international oil markets. Since the mid-1950s Mattei lined up hard against the "Seven Sisters" (a term he himself coined), and to break their oligopoly he initiated agreements with the poorest countries of the Middle East as well as countries of the former soviet bloc.

The United States had become alarmed as these personal initiatives were contrary to the agreements of 1943; moreover, the energy emancipation of Italy would have made the Italian government less dependent on the Western economy, and — it was believed — more inclined to a neutral policy that would have weakened NATO in the quadrant of Southern Europe.

Allegedly, in 1957 Mattei secretly financed the independence movement against colonialist France in the Algerian War. In 1960, after concluding the agreement with the Soviet Union and while negotiating with China, Mattei publicly declared that the American oil monopoly was over.

On October 27, 1962, on a flight from Catania to Milan, Mattei's jetplane crashed in the surroundings of a small village in Lombardy. All three men on board were killed: Mattei, his pilot and an American journalist. The first inquiries officially declared that it was an accident, but there were strong indications that the crash was caused by a bomb hidden in the airplane. Further investigations in 1990s could find irrefutable evidence of that and the episode was reclassified by the judge as homicide, but with perpetrator(s) unknown.

Enrico Mattei and his jetplane

Cardinal Francis Joseph Spellman
Cardinal Francis Joseph Spellman

The role of the Vatican

Is the Vatican involved in the hidden governance of the world?

See results

Mattei could have been saved

Paolo Rumor in L'altra Europa (2010, Hobby & Work, Varese, Italy) reports that attempts were made in order to save Mattei's life. Shortly before the tragic end, the United States contacted the Vatican through confidential channels, so that it acted to warn Mattei about the risks he was taking. On the initiative of Cardinal Spellman, Giacomo Rumor (father of the author of the book) was advised by Msgr. Montini, and was asked to use his influence and friendship with Mattei (in fact, they knew each other from the days of their militancy in Resistance).

The warning reported from the Vatican was that the "armed wing of the American Contingent" would act to eliminate the President of ENI if he did not give up his personal negotiations with the countries outside the area of influence agreed at the time of the American intervention in the War.

The operation of sabotage of the jetplane was implemented by the Roman cell of the Contingent, two of whose members were nicknamed "Socar" (a Corsican) and "Neter" (an Italian). "Socar", whose real name should be Laurenzi, allegedly was one of the two persons who physically placed the explosive device on the plane; the other one should be a certain Omar Terenski (a Slovenian).

Mattei was warned by G. Rumor; he replied that he had received a similar report from a journalist of Izvestia, but he considered this signal not so alarming. Previously there had been other attempts to sabotage, all failed. There was a further attempt by the journalist to warn Mattei, when he was sure of the sabotage, but too late: the plane was already in flight.

The wreckage of Mattei's jetplane





Members of the American Contingent were certain persons named (or nicknamed):

  • "Lobineau", whose name refers to the matter of the Priory of Sion;

  • "Neter", whose name refer to Egyptian gods (Neters);

  • "Socar", whose name as well refer to an Egyptian god (Sokar).

Apparently, history and legend, myth and esotericism are inextricably intertwined in this matter.

Enrico Mattei Interviewed (Italian)


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at:

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)