ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel
  • »
  • Education and Science»
  • Geography, Nature & Weather

Egypt: Physical, Islamic Cultural, and Political Geography

Updated on June 6, 2012

"Egypt, despite troubling social, economic, and environmental problems, is industrializing and plays an influential role in global affairs" (Pulsipher and Pulsipher, 2010). This country has had a lot of hardships; however, it is predicted to continue improving as it grows as a whole into the future. Egypt has benefited from its physical, Islamic cultural, and political geography without any impact from the Christian religion.

Physical Geography

"Egypt is the most populous country in the Arab world and the second-most populous on the African continent." In fact, their population is about "80 million people." Due to the climate zone being classified as a desert, most of the country's population live in very few spots that are not desert like terrain. Those places are near the Nile River, the Red Sea, and the Mediterranean Sea. Even though Egypt has the area of "1,001,450 sq. km. (386,000 sq. mi.)," which is "approximately equal to [the size of] Texas and New Mexico combined," most of Egypt's population is crammed into two main cities Cairo and Alexandria ("Background note: Egypt," 2012). Very few Egyptians live in the open desert areas where there is limited and/or no access to water.

"There are about eighty pyramids known today from ancient Egypt." The famous ancient Great Pyramid is in Giza, Egypt; however, the pyramids can be found all over this country. This pyramid consists of the three biggest pyramids found in Egypt. All of the pyramids were built with "sloping sides so that the dead pharaoh could symbolically climb to the sky and live forever" ("Pyramids," 1999). Egypt is well known for their unique pyramid landforms. In fact, the pyramids attract tourist from all around the world because of their unique design and historical background as to why they were created.

Cultural Geography

Agriculture is a major part of the Egyptian culture. Due to the warm climate, crops can be grown all year round, unlike many other countries that have diverse climates. "Cotton, rice, wheat, corn, sugar beets, onions, and beans are the principal crops" in Egypt and are a major part of their economy ("Background note: Egypt," 2012).

The Islam is the main religion practiced by "94%" of the Egyptian population. Due to the Islam's "religious hierarchy, the family is the most important institution" in Egypt. The Muslim families function like the patriarchal family system. A typical Muslim household will have the father in charge of everyone within the family household. Unfortunately, women do not have as many rights as men in an Islamic society. In some places women are required to stay at home and to not go out in the public unless they have a male with them. This concept is known as "female seclusion" (Pulsipher and Pulsipher, 2010). However, Egypt is one of few countries where their women practice seclusion differently. Rural women are less likely to strongly practice seclusion because they have many daily tasks to perform in public. Although, some urban women that are educated are less likely to practice seclusion. Unlike many Islamic societies, Egypt allows women to hold professional jobs and wear their own choice of clothing; however, most working women continue to wear at least a veil.

Political Geography

Egypt has a republican government in which holds elected positions for office. They have a President, Vice President, Prime Minister, Cabinet, and a Legislative Parliament. "The two houses of Egypt's parliament [is] People's Assembly and Shura Council" ("Background note: Egypt," 2012). In the past the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) had a lot of control in the government. However, many of the Egyptian voters are no longer wanting a representative of the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) to be president."The reasons for the decline [in the support] of the MB include bad performance in Parliament, broken promises, and a very negative image among some Islamist parliamentarians." Many Egyptians no longer want to mix religion and law. In fact, many are against and fear the possibility of "Egypt becoming a religious state" (Hamid, 2012).

In the current elections, it is predicted that Ahmed Shafiq is predicted to win the Egyptian presidential election and have Hamdeen Sabahy be his vice-president. Both candidates oppose the idea of Egypt becoming a religious state and implementing the Sharia Law as actual law. They both have different viewpoints when it comes to specific political issues; however, having both of these candidates in the presidency would greatly impact Egypt and represent its citizens well. The Sharia Law is an "Islamic religious law" that is based off of the principles that are found in the Qur'an. "Some Muslims believe that no other legal code is necessary in an Islamic society, as the shari'a [law] provides guidance in all matters of life, including worship, finance, politics, marriage, diet, hygiene, war, and crime" (Pulsipher and Pulsipher, 2010).

"Egypt currently places an active role in contributing regularly to UN peacekeeping missions." In the past Egypt has helped the UN with issues in their neighboring countries. It is believed that "Egypt is a key partner in the search for peace in the Middle East and resolution of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict" ("Background note: Egypt," 2012). If these two territories were to resolve their conflicts with the assistance of Egypt, than there is a possibility that the Mediterranean economies would grow and prosper together. In fact, due to their prime location, they all have the potential to establish one of the top economies in the area.

Christianity's Impact

Christianity has had a very little impact on the Egyptian culture. However, in a dominated Muslim society, a small population does practice some form of the Christian religion. I actually feel that Egypt has and will continue operate well with an Islamic society. However, spreading Christianity to Egypt would be a great way to educate women on their rights. Women are wanting to move away from the Islamic ways of life for themselves. More and more women are currently become educated because they want to become more independent from men. Showing women that there are other religions out there that support female rights would be beneficial for them.

In conclusion, Egypt indeed has many benefits to its geography. As Egypt continues to grow as a country, they are expected to lead its neighboring countries into the future. In what ways do you think Egypt will change in the future; what ways will Egypt remain the same?


Cowan, S. B., & Spiegel, J. S. (2009). The love of wisdom, a christian introduction to philosophy. (pp. 361-367). Nashville: B&H Academic.

Hamid, T. (2012). Egypt likely to reject sharia law Newsmax Media, Retrieved from

Pulsipher, L. M., & Pulsipher, A. (2010). World regional geography, global patterns, local lives. (5th ed., p. 349-352). New York: W. H. Freeman

The British Museum, Education Department. (1999). Pyramids. Retrieved from website:

U.S. State Department, The Office of Website Management Bureau of Public Affairs. (2012). Background note: Egypt. Retrieved from website:


    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.


    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: ""

    Show Details
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the or domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)