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Eiffel Tower History

Updated on March 10, 2008

Eiffel Tower Engineering Marvel

Famous Eiffel Tower Latticework
Famous Eiffel Tower Latticework

Eiffel Tower Is an Engineering Marvel

The Eiffel Tower is truly one of the engineering feats of the world. It is completely unique in its construction. What started out as a fair exhibit has become one of the most recognized, most photographed, and most visited structures in Europe.

Who Built the Eiffel Tower?

The Eiffel Tower is named after its designer, Alexendre-Gustave Eiffel. Eiffel was a French civil engineer, specializing in metal structures. Before the Eiffel Tower, he created the Garabit viaduct and the internal frame for the Statue of Liberty, as well as other metal structures.

Why Was the Eiffel Tower Built?

The French government held a contest for the best monument to be used as a display in the 1899 World's Fair. More than 700 monument designs were entered. Eiffel won by unanimous vote with his tower design with a latticework design.

But all Parisians did not love the Eiffel Tower. During the construction of the Eiffel Tower, a petition was distributed demanding that it be dismantled. Locals thought that the tower was an eyesore. By the time the famous tower was completed, however, Eiffel became known as the Magician of Iron.

Eiffel Tower Base

Eiffel Tower History

One of the feats of the Eiffel Tower was the construction process itself. The massive tower was completed much sooner than other monuments, taking two years to complete. And much less manpower was needed, only 300 steelworkers. Only one worker was killed during construction of the Eiffel Tower. According to the book "The Tallest Tower", the tragedy occurred at the beginning of the construction by a careless worker after work had ended for the day.

When construction of the Eiffel Tower was over, it was the tallest structure in the world. It held this record until 1930. Today, the Eiffel Tower is still the tallest structure in Paris. The tower now stands at 1069 feet high, which is over 100 stories tall. The Eiffel Tower's pillars correspond to the points on a compass.

The Eiffel Tower is built of almost pure structural iron. Despite the tower's size, it weighs very little. According to engineers, the Eiffel Tower weighs less than the surrounding air. This causes the Eiffel Tower to give in the wind, as much as six inches. However, it is completely safe. The Eiffel Tower is built to withstand wind speeds at more than five times the strongest winds ever known. At the top of the Eiffel Tower, the wind can gust as high as 100 miles per hour.

Love and the Eiffel Tower

Saving the Eiffel Tower

The Eiffel Tower was supposed to only be on display until 1909 and then dismantled. It was almost torn down several times before then. What saved it from complete destruction was Eiffel himself. Eiffel contacted the military and convinced them of the tower's potential to be a radio transmission tower. And the world owes him a debt for saving one of the most beautiful towers and engineering marvels ever created.

Eiffel Tower History Comments

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      RETARD 4 years ago

      THIS IS HORRIBLE!!!!!!!!!!!!!

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      Prettierthanyou 5 years ago

      thnx this was helpful for my postcard project!!!

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      .hi. 5 years ago

      That was an aweSome hub. I really enjoyed reading about it but I think just a little more info would make it sound perfecto.:):):):):)

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      tourE 5 years ago

      For those interested in the history of la tour d’Eiffel-

      A book about the history and architecture of the Eiffel Tower titled, “The Tallest Tour: Eiffel and the Belle Epoque” was written and released in 1975 and considered a classic of Eiffel literature. A revised version of the book is now being released through Unlimited Publishing, making this work by Joseph Harriss available once again. Information about the book, the author, and the release can be found at

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      blabla 5 years ago


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      ??? 6 years ago


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      COOL DUDE 6 years ago

      Its funny how people comment on stuuffs like this ! i truly agree wid tanya ! and BOO!@#$& to people like james hayes,fawdwad etc.

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      Devin B. 6 years ago

      Just one question, though.

      Why did the government have a contest for a tower to be constructed. I kind of find it hard to believe that the government would hold a contest like that for the public, I've never seen anything like that before. Maybe you should have explained that a bit more. Anyways, thanks for the information! I didn't need this for school or anything but I just thought of why the tower was build after seeing a picture on google. It was all I needed, really, thanks again.

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      james hayes 6 years ago

      i love boys

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      YJDA 6 years ago

      wow, this is good!

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      yaqui 6 years ago

      i wish i could vist it !!!!!!!!

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      awsomeness 6 years ago

      this wass likeee so helpful to meeh!!!!:)

    • festersporling1 profile image

      Daniel Christian 6 years ago from Los Angeles, CA

      I did a hub on the eiffel tower too this week. Your hub is great. :)

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      goldgirl10 6 years ago

      I am doing a project on parise and this was no help!

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      ?????????????? 6 years ago

      Parts of it are helpful-others aren't

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      My dildo 6 years ago

      Dude this wasn't the least bit helpful there is life no info here u could have just added stuff from wikipedia.........

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      your face 6 years ago

      very helpful but add more information

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      Tanya 7 years ago

      To the commenters who are dissatisfied with the level of detail on this page:

      In research, you should never expect to get everything you want to know from one source. This article has some facts you may need for your paper, but not others. Whenever you conduct research for a paper, you are probably going to need information from multiple sources.

      In other words - don't be rude because you have to work a little harder to get what you need. Investigation is a skill you should want to develop, because a good investigator is nobody's fool (not the government, industry, parents, church etc.) Don't ever think one source will provide you with what you need. The source could be wrong, or worse - lying.

      Back when I was learning how to research and write we didn't even have the ability to Google everything, you had to go to a *gasp* library, or *double gasp* multiple libraries!

      Sorry to sound so preachy, but sheesh! Get a grip!

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      Shauna 7 years ago

      people saying that this wasn't helpful, shut up. someone worked hard on this.. you go make a website then. thanks for the information this really helped on my isu. if you have nothing nice to say don't say it assholes.

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      CupCake9828 7 years ago

      im doing a project on it to and it didn't help at all!!!!

    • profile image

      kkk 7 years ago

      i'm doing my paper and i just want some more facts. that would have been great

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      kalpesh gajjar m. 7 years ago

      eifeel tower is a one of the beautiful construction model just like my indian " TAJ MAHAL" .

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      legendindia 7 years ago

      Hi Angela.I like your hub. it is a very interesting and informative hub. I didn't know about Eiffel Tower history but now have known after reading your hub.excellent writing .keep it up.

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      Azee samee 7 years ago

      hi.......guyz nd gulz

      this was very helpful.........for me

      excellent tower..........i like it....:))

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      omg:) 7 years ago



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      7 years ago

      thank you , this helped a ton ! (:

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      fghdtuy 7 years ago

      this helped a lot

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      ?????????????? 8 years ago

      this was good for my report

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      ????????? 8 years ago

      this was really good from my report

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      ??? 8 years ago

      this was great help but a lil more info would help thnx

    • MattnATL profile image

      MattnATL 8 years ago from Atlanta

      Great history lesson on one of the most recognizable structures in the world.

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      poppy  8 years ago

      the eiffel tower is the best I love the history about it

    • Moulik Mistry profile image

      Moulik Mistry 8 years ago from Burdwan, West Bengal, India

      Nice to know the history, very interesting...

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      girly girl 8 years ago

      all this stuff is stuff i already writen down so this is all useless and i am doing a report

    • lydia_rae profile image

      lydia_rae 8 years ago

      wow i had no idea it was only supposed to be temporary

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      Lucy Davis 8 years ago

      is this supposed 2 help me

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      VANESSA 8 years ago

      I AGREE WITH WITH YOUR STATEMENT Deserae Heather LaBelle

    • profile image

      yeah what ever 8 years ago

      probably not women...and that

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      fawdwad 8 years ago

      wtf is that? its not helpful

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      Kathy-Kares 8 years ago

      This is a public website. There is children reading what you write. People are not appreciating you writing this on a work website. I don't want to be reading this while I am researching and I am sure that other people do not as well. Please remove your comments or I will report them. Please cooperate with me.


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      thebigotewasbegote 8 years ago

      how can you be saying this dude?

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      greeneyedbaby 8 years ago

      what is this???????????

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      jamie lee bush 8 years ago

      i thought this was great help to my paper about the statue of liberty...

      thanks bush.

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      jjjk 8 years ago

      this is crap im doing a paper and this isn't even a bit helpful

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      keren 9 years ago

      this helped a lot for my research paper of the Eiffel Tower

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      mimi 9 years ago

      I am doing a project on the Eiffel tower and this was no help!!!

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      nnng 9 years ago