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European Origin of Sanskrit Language

Updated on October 12, 2013
Spread of Aryans from Eastern Europe
Spread of Aryans from Eastern Europe

Sanskrit is Alien to India

Sanskrit Pundits and Sanskrit lovers like to find similarities in words of European languages and that of Sanskrit. This way they are supporting the theory that Sanskrit has its roots in Europe.

There are many words in Sanskrit which are similar to Latin, Russian, Greek, English and other European language. We can find Similarities in pronunciation and similarity in meanings. One of the great examples is the Word 'Maatru' for Mother in English, Mater in Latin, Mere in French, Mutter in German and Madre in Spanish.On the other hand the Sanskrit word for Father is Pitru/ Pitar. The European equivalents for this word are Pater in Latin, Father in English, Padre in Spanish, Vater (pronounced Fater) in German. These two words are the basic and ancient words as the child learns it as his first and second word to speak and they are being used for thousands of years.

Now if you see what words are used for Matru and Pitru in Indian languages, you will be surprised to know that there are no sound similarities in the words with these Sanskrit words.

Here is the list of words for Matru in major Hindian langauges: Tamil: Amma, Kannada: Aau, Marathi: Aai, Gujarati: Baa, Rajasthani: Baai, Urdu: Ammi, Magadhi: Amba etc. In Hindi the word for mother is Maa, but as this language is most Sanskritized language, we should find the original equivalent which is Amba.

The equivalent words for Pitru in Indian languages are:Bapp in Magadhi. Aappa in Tamil, Baap in Hindi, Aappa/ Baapa in Kannada, Baaba in Marathi, Baapu in Gujarati and Abba/ Baba in Urdu.

Thus we find that there are no similarities between Sanskrit and other Indian languages in these two most important words. At the same time we find similarities between Sanskrit and European languages in case of these two words.

There are lot of other words in Sanskrit which have similarities with the words of European languages.

Other Similarities

1. A great similarity between Sanskrit and some European languages is the use of Dual Number. In Sanskrit, it is called as Dvi Vachan. In ancient Latin and Greek languages dual numbers were used and languages of Slavic group till use this form. But no Indian language use this form.

2. In Sanskrit language, there is a high number of compound letters having letter R in it. i.e. BRahmin, Kram, KaRM, NaMR, AyuRVed, KRut, KRiya, KRipa, rashTRa and so on. In European languages also we see high number of compound letters having letter R in it. But on other hand, you will not find compound letters having R in it in original words of Indian languages.

3. Further, there are lot of words with compound letters DRa and TRa. like InDRa, miTRa, shaTRu, TRi, PuTR, shuDRa etc. Such compound letters are also found in Russian language. In Russian language TSa is a compound letter, we find it in Sanskrit also. But in Indian languages you will not find such compound letters in original words.

4. One of the distinctive feature in compound letters in Indian languages is that there are lot of words having compound letters containing same letter for two times, or having letters of same group i.e. Buddha, Khatta, Dilli, Mudda, Chhutta, Abba, Ammi etc. Sanskrit and European languages lack of such compound words.

5. DV is another common compound letter found in Russian and Sanskrit languages.

All these facts clearly indicate that Sanskrit is closer to European languages, not to Indian languages. Why it is so? The answer is easy. Sanskirt was language of the Aryans who came to India from Eastern parts of Europe. There language was the same which was spoken in that part of world. When they came to India, it was changed due to the influence of indigenous languages of India.

-Mahavir Sanglikar


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    anantharao 4 years ago

    The basic assumption of using few Sanskrit words to compare with Europe language is not correct, & later to prove that Sanskrit is closer to European languages(& not Indian languages) is also completely incorrect. FOR ANY LANGUAGE, IT IS ALPHABETS & GRAMMAR ARE BASIC FOUNDATION & NOT FEW WORDS(or different script). As one can see, all Indian languages including south Indian languages(so called Dravidian) like Tamil, Kannada, Telugu, etc use same syllable based alphabets like a, aa, e, ee, u, uu, etc vowels & then consonants. Each Indian language may not be using all Sanskrit alphabets but most are used according to geographical pronunciation. Remaining alphabets are left. Above that, Grammar too is almost same in southern languages as in Sanskrit. Most words used in Sanskrit like Swara, Vyanjana, Sandi, Vibhakti, Dhatu, Kala(tense), Linga(gendar), etc are used in South Indian languages(except in Tamil where words are different but concept remains same). More over, usage of Sanskrit words in South(as well as all other parts of India) is very high & though in Tamil bit less. Though not sure about European languages but English does not fall in the above pattern of Sanskrit hence can be termed as independent of Sanskrit. Also, all Indian languages use same 7 days week, number, etc. just scripts are different. It is European & Gulf traders who came to India & picked up language, science, maths & astronomy and introduced in their countries. These are documented by Arabic schoolers too. Hence Sanskrit is Indian language of local people & not of any region from central Asia. There is no mention of Aryan or Dravidian divide in any scriptures, though they are older then any civilization on earth. These two words(Aryan, Dravidian) picked & planted by some Europeans only in 18th century to show their supremacy & to divide people of India by north & south, above religion & castes. Author should also read about Aryan Dravidian myth by various historians & linguists. This divide is based more on political rather then technical or logical basis of language foundation. Our ancestors wrote Vedas, Puranas, Mahabarata, Ramayana, etc running into millions of verses. Surely, they would have mentioned. As one can see, all names of places described in Ramayana & Mahabharata exist in India & its subcontinent (Pakistan, Sri Lanka, etc) even today but nowhere in Europe or central Asia or Iran!! Neither any archaeological proof of any temples existing. So how come Sanskrit has come from outside India?

  • Jon E. Royeca profile image

    Jon E. Royeca 5 years ago from Pasay City, Metro Manila, Philippines

    I thought Sanskrit was a mother language (meaning it's self-contained--originating from itself).

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    SunnyJain 5 years ago

    How come you missed the words Maata and Pita which is close to Sanskrit and used in Hindi, Gujarati and other Hindian languages

  • rajanjoshee profile image

    rajanjoshee 5 years ago from Pune, Maharashtra

    If similarities in the European languages and Sanskrit are used to infer that Sanskrit has its roots in Europe - apples could be said to be made of Apple Pie ! If you want linguistic experts' opinion on it - pl do not forget Sanskrit has the most number of "Cases" than any other languages in Europe.

  • jainismus profile image

    Mahaveer Sanglikar 5 years ago from Pune, India

    Well forget about my statements in this Hub, as the statements may be made as a result because of disliking this language. On the other hand one should not care about what Sanskrit lovers and orthodox Hindus say. What the linguists say is important. So you should read about authentic books on linguistics, and then decide who is right and who is wrong.

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    vijay 5 years ago

    It seems now that river Ganges has been flowing toward west .... !!! i'm sorry, but i disagree with your information and i can see the same thing vice versa ... and similarly we can also say that all other languages were developed from sanskrit and got spread from india towards west .. :(

    u can manipulate anything sir.. !!! and i see u nothing more than a Christian missionary who wants to dilute indian culture and i don't give any importance to ur useless research sir.. !!! :) ... take care !

  • profile image

    Samraj 5 years ago

    Tamil & Prakrit is/was the native Indian language.

    Both Sanskrit & Urdu came through the passes of the Hindu Kush mountains (Modern days Afghan)

    Hindi = Mix of Sanskrit script + Urdu words

    Other Regional Languages = Mix of Prakrit + Sanskrit + Localization due to many Regional rulers during medieval period

    Tamil = More indigenous + Less mix of Prakrit & Sanskrit

  • profile image

    Dhira Simha 5 years ago

    Indeed, there are many studies into various aspects of remarkable linguistic and cultural affinity between Slavonic languages and Sanskrit. This is particularly true of the language. Russian preserves the core of the ancient grammar including declensions, conjugations etc.). Despite thousands of years of separation it is still possible, knowing some simple rules of sound correlation, to understand whole passages of Russian texts with a Sanskrit dictionary:

  • profile image

    Dhira Simha 6 years ago

    TusharKapila, the issue is not that some words of the language are surely European. It is only one side of it. The deeper genetic unity is in the very structure of the language. Take Russian, for example, it still preserves most of the Vedic grammar. Nouns, adjectives, pronouns, numerals are all fully declinable in 6 cases. Not a single living Indo-Aryan language preserves this. Parts of sentences are still mutiually comprehensible (after at least 5 thousand years!). If you know Sanskrit you will have no problem understanding this russian text (in phonetic transcription as it souns): Eta noviy dom. V etam dome jivet mate? sa svaimi trimya sinami...

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    TusharKapila 6 years ago

    agree with jainismus sort of :- Sanskrit was born into India, but some words of the language are surely European. just as some words in English are from Hindi and others from other World languages. Thank God for no copy right on words!

    am sure some words were common but i think sanskrit is bigger than those similarities. and a lot of other words in other Indian langs (besides tamil which i think developed in a separate branch) borrowed words from sanskrit - which came before them.

    but i think the important thing to consider is that before does not mean better ... we have many languages in the world - actively spoken and they should all be given respect and i hope at least a few people keep using them to keep them alive.

    what i would like (and is happending because of economic and increased travel, commerce, media) is a common language - English as its the most spoken in India and other place around the world.

    Its super frustrating to communicate simple ideas - try to explain to a taxi chap where your house is or ask someone where a tourist spot is and u cant just cause u dont have a common language. wasting time, money, petrol for nothing; and on the other end of spectrum the few who do know a bridge language cheat others (have seen in folks in Bangalore when they want to sell land AND heard about villagers when they sell produce via middle men / translaters). /end of grumbling :)

  • jainismus profile image

    Mahaveer Sanglikar 6 years ago from Pune, India


    You are right when you say that Sanskrit was born into India, but but the roots of the language are surely European.

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    chakravarthiamith 6 years ago

    Aryans spoke Indo iranian language(Old persian not existant today) which was an offshot of Indo europian language. when they reached india some polishing happened to it giving raise to Vedic sanskrit. Yes root is from persia, but first true sanskrit was born in india. please check the geniology and world language family. i am working on it for last 40years. i can authoritatively say what i say is pritty much exact.

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    Dhira Simha 6 years ago

    You can find a lot more words at this site where parts of the new "Russian-Sanskrit Dictionary of Common and Cognate Words" are being published:

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    uday 6 years ago