ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Fission-Fusion Reactor

Updated on October 6, 2014

Fission-fusion reactor is a device which involves splitting and combining of nuclei of atoms. In this reactor, nuclear fission and fusion reaction are takes place.It can be generates unlimited and constant energy. The reactor is divided into two parts. they are

  1. Fission Part
  2. Fusion part

Fission Part:

Fission reaction is a defined as splitting of nucleus by neutron which contains high speed in this part. It is involves chain reaction. One neutron bombarded to heavy nucleus and to forms two small nuclei and also forms some energy. It is coated over a metal is beryllium and base metal taken as Iridium for maintain the loses of heat.

The by-products include free neutrons, photons usually in the form gamma rays, and other nuclear fragments such as beta particles and alpha particles.

Fission of heavy elements is an exothermic reaction and can release substantial amounts of useful energy both as gamma rays and as kinetic energy of the fragments (heating the bulk material where fission takes place).

Source

The most common fission process is binary fission, and it produces the fission products noted above, at 95±15 and 135±15 u. However, the binary process happens merely because it is the most probable. In anywhere from 2 to 4 fissions per 1000 in a nuclear reactor, a process called ternary fission produces three positively charged fragments (plus neutrons) and the smallest of these may range from so small a charge and mass as a proton (Z=1), to as large a fragment as argon (Z=18).

The most common small fragments are composed of 90% helium-4 nuclei with more energy than alpha particles from alpha decay (so-called "long range alphas" at ~ 16 MeV), plus helium-6 nuclei, and tritons (the nuclei of tritium). The ternary process is less common, but still ends up producing significant helium-4 and tritium gas buildup in the fuel rods of modern nuclear reactors.

Fusion part:

Fusion reaction is defined as combining of small nuclei at high temperature and high density to form heavy nucleus. It prevents chain reaction. This reaction involves at high temperature and high density.

It is the reaction in which two atoms of small nuclei combine together, or fuse, to form an atom of large nucleus. In the process some of the mass of the nucleus is converted into energy. For example, the reactions occurs in sun.

The easiest fusion reaction to make happen is combining deuterium (or “heavy hydrogen) with tritium (or “heavy-heavy hydrogen”) to make helium and a neutron. Deuterium is plentifully available in ordinary water. Tritium can be produced by combining the fusion neutron with the abundant light metal lithium.

Thus fusion has the potential to be an inexhaustible source of energy. This part is to be maintain the high temperature by carbon dioxide or other gases in between the inside and outside of the reactor.

Source

Energy released in most nuclear reactions is much larger than in chemical reactions, because the binding energy that holds a nucleus together is far greater than the energy that holds electrons to a nucleus.

For example, the ionization energy gained by adding an electron to a hydrogen nucleus is 13.6 eV—less than one-millionth of the 17.6 MeV released in the deuterium–tritium (D–T) reaction shown in the diagram to the right (one gram of matter would release 339 GJ of energy).

Fusion reactions have an energy density many times greater than nuclear fission; the reactions produce far greater energy per unit of mass even though individual fission reactions are generally much more energetic than individual fusion ones, which are themselves millions of times more energetic than chemical reactions.

Only direct conversion of mass into energy, such as that caused by the annihilatory collision of matter and antimatter, is more energetic per unit of mass than nuclear fusion.

Difference between Fission and Fusion Reactions:

Fission Reaction
Fusion Reaction
Splitting of nucleus
Combining of nucleus
Fission reaction does not normally occur in nature.
Fusion occurs in stars, such as the sun.
Fission produces many highly radioactive particles
Few radioactive particles are produced by fusion reaction, but if a fission "trigger" is used, radioactive particles will result from that.
Critical mass of the substance and high-speed neutrons are required.
High density, high temperature environment required.
Takes little energy to split two atoms in a fission reaction.
Extremely high energy is required to bring two or more protons close overcome their electrostatic repulsion.
The energy released by fission is million times greater than that released in chemical reactions, but lower than the energy released by nuclear fusion.
The energy released by fusion is three to four times greater than the energy released by fission.
It gains mass of atoms at end of fission reaction.
It loses mass of atoms at end of fusion reaction.

Activity

Aim:

To generate constant unlimited energy from uranium by fission-fusion Reactor.

Apparatus:

Fission-Fusion reactor, Generator which install with dynamo.

Required chemicals:

Uranium oxide fuel, or other radio active elements ore.

Source

Procedure:

  1. Take uranium oxide fuel and sent into reactor at fission part.
  2. After that we have to burn uranium oxide in reactor.
  3. Later uranium atom splinted into fission fragments, neutrons and some energy.
  4. Those fission fragments sent into fusion part of reactor.
  5. In fusion part of reactor, fission fragments combined and forms uranium atom due to attraction between protons and neutrons.
  6. During fusion reaction f uranium atom, repulison of same charged particles causes gernerate of energy.
  7. Finally Uranium atom splinted and combined in Fission-Fusion Reactor.
  8. Released energy was convert into electrical energy by using dynamo
  9. So water sent into tubes in reactor then water converted into steam.
  10. Those steam sent through turbines to run dynamo for generate of electrical energy.

Result:

In reactor, uranium atoms invovles fission and fusion reaction, and gives constant and unlimited energy.


© 2014 KALYAN CHAKRAVARTHY THADAKA

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)