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"Fly this flag, and no soldier will ever fire at you."

Updated on March 23, 2011

Chief Motavato - Black Kettle

Black Kettle, or Motavato (Moke-ta-ve-to) was born between 1801 an 1813 near the Black Hills of South Dakota. He was the voice for peace among the Cheyennes.

Chief  Motavato (Black Kettle) was the voice for peace among the Cheyennes.

After the Pike's Peak Gold Rush in 1859, the US government would not control white expansion into the West, the Great Plains. In violation of treaties, European Americans displaced the Cheyenne from their lands. They controlled important resources of water and game. “Competition” led to conflict.

In 1863, Black Kettle, Chief Lean Bear, other chiefs of the Cheyenne were invited to Washington, DC. President Lincoln was their host.

In Washington, Black Kettle was given a huge US flag.

He was told, “Fly this flag, and no soldier will ever fire at you.”

Black Kettle was very proud of this flag that was given to him in such a manner. He flew it over his teepee whenever there was a permanent encampment. He and others were also given papers that certified that they were friends of the US. They wore medallions given to them of the same nature.

Then in May of 1864, they were told that about one hundred soldiers were on their way with two cannons.

Chief Lean Bear decided to meet them and find out what they wanted. He wore Lincoln’s medal and he carried the papers. Lean Bear told the others to wait. He didn’t want to frighten the soldiers. He approached them alone.

Black Kettle

The account of the actions that followed is told by Wolf Chief:

Lean Bear told us warriors to stay where we were so as not to frighten the soldiers, while he rode forward to shake hands with the officer and show his papers…When the chief was within only twenty or thirty yards of the line, the officer called out in a very loud voice and the soldiers all opened fire on Lean Bear and the rest of us. Lean Bear fell off his horse right in front of the troops, and Star, another Cheyenne, also fell off his horse. The soldiers then rode forward and shot Lean Bear and Star again as they lay helpless on the ground. I was off with a party of young men to one side. There was a company of soldiers in front of us, but they were all shooting at Lean Bear and the other Cheyennes that were near to him. They paid no attention to us until we began firing on them with bows and guns. They were so close that we shot several with arrows. Two of them fell back off their horses. By this time there was a great deal of confusion. More Cheyennes kept coming up in small parties, and the soldiers were bunching up and seemed badly frightened. They were shooting at us with the cannon but the aim was bad.

Black Kettle was there now riding up and down yelling for all the Cheyennes to stop fighting. Lean Bear and two others were killed. Many were wounded. Many soldiers were killed. But had it not been for Black Kettle, all the soldiers would have died. There were about 500 Cheyenne in the area.

Black Kettle quickly petitioned Colorado’s military commander, Colonel John Chivington. Black Kettle pleaded for peace. Chivington was not interested. Chivington was a former Methodist minister. He was also a racist who believed every single Native American should be wiped out. The common statement out in the “wild west” at that time was, “the only good Indian is a dead Indian.”

Colorado’s Governor John Evans, and the Indian agent were working together to drive the Native Americans out of Colorado completely.

In June of 1864, a frontier family were murdered by a group of Arapahoe. This prompted the US War Department to authorize Chivington to raise a volunteer regiment to supplement troops. He immediately sent the them out to kill any Native American they found.

Black Kettle tried to stop retaliatory raids against the white. When two white women and five children captives were brought in, he traded his own horses so he could return them to their families.

Major Edward Wynkoop
Major Edward Wynkoop

Black Kettle spoke with Major Edward Wynkoop who reflected on his encounter with Black Kettle and company:

“I felt myself in the presence of superior beings. And these were the representatives of a race that I heretofore looked upon as being cruel, treacherous, and blood-thirsty without feeling or affection for friend or kindred.”

Black Kettle and six other chiefs rode to Denver in a wagon with Black Kettle’s flag flying over them. The four captives rode with them and were released.

Governor Evans wasn’t interested in meeting with the chiefs. Earlier in the day, General Samuel Curtis had sent a telegraph to his good buddy Chivington: “I want no peace until the Indians suffer more.” It wasn’t much of a problem to get a regiment together. If there was peace – the men in the regiment would be drafted to fight the Confederates.

Evans told Wynkoop, The Third Colorado Calvery was “raised to kill Indians.”

The Native Americans were the only ones interested in peace.

Chivington advised Wynkoop to take the Indians to Sand Creek, about forty miles from Fort Lyon, and Wynkoop complied. Shortly after Wynkoop’s return to the fort, Major Scott Anthony relieved Wykoop of his post for being “too friendly with the Native Americans”.

Anthony immediately ordered the rations for the Native Americans cut in half.

Anthony made false moves of friendliness to assure Black Kettle of their safety while he requested reinforcements.

Back in Denver, the Third’s 100 days were about to expire. They were supposed to be a regiment for only that 100 days. The newspapers called them “the bloodless Third” because they hadn’t seen a single battle.

The next day Colonel Chivington arrived in Denver with 600 men. They were joined by the “Third”. The Third was a blood thirsty mob for sure now. “Itching for blood, taking scalps, and wading in gore!” Even protests by several of the officers wouldn’t slow these boys down.

I guess many of the men sang a chorus with Chivington such as the Colonel’s favorite, “Damn any man who sympathizes with Indians! I have come to kill Indians, and I believe it is right and honorable to kill Indians.”

The protesting officers went along under threat of court martial. They secretly told their men to only fire in self-defense.

Sand Creek Massacre Part 1

After dark on November 28, seven hundred soldiers and four howitzers set out for Sand Creek and the Cheyennes there.

Half Cheyenne rancher Robert Bent was their guide.

Robert Bent’s brother, George, a trader was in the camp.

The Native Americans were in the place where Major Anthony had suggested they be. The Native Americans celebrated that night the peace they thought they had won.

George Bent said:

From down the Creek a large body of troops was advancing at a rapid trot…more soldiers could be seen making for the Indian pony herds to the south of camps, in the camps themselves all was confusion and noise- men, women, and children rushing out of the lodges partly dressed; women and children screaming at the sight of the troops; men running back into the loges for thei arms…I looked toward the chief’s lodge and saw that Black Kettle had a large American flag tied to the end of a long lodgepole and was standing in front of his lodge, holding the pole, with the flag fluttering in the gray light of winter dawn. I heard him call to the people not to be afraid, that the soldiers would not hurt them; then the troops opened fire from two sides of the camp.

Soon hundreds of Cheyenne women and children had gathered for protection under the US flag and a white flag that Black Kettle had run up under it.

Sand Creek Massacre

About this time, Robert Bent came in sight of the camp.

He testified later before congress:

I saw an American flag waving and heard Black Kettle tell the Indians to stand around the flag, and there they were huddled—men, women, and children. This was when we were within fifty yards of the Indians. I also saw a white flag raised. These flags were in so conspicuous a position that they must have been seen. When troopsfired, the Indians ran, some of the men into their lodges, probably to get their arms…I think there were six hundred Indians in all… the rest of the men were away from camp, hunting…After the firing the warriors put the squaws and children together, and surrounded them to protect them. I saw five squaws under a bank for shelter. When the troops came up to them they ran out and showed their persons to let them know they were squaws and begged for mercy, but the soldiers shot them all. I saw one squaw lying on the bank by a shell; a soldier came up to her with a drawn saber: she raised her arm to protect herself, when he struck, breaking her arm she rolled over and raised her other arm, when he struck, breaking it, and then left her without killing her. There seemed to be indiscriminate slaughter of men, women, and children. There were some thirty or forty squaws collected in a hole for protection; they sent out a little girl about six years old with a white flag on a stick; she had not proceeded but a few steps when she was shot and killed,. All four squaws in that hole were afterwards killed, and four or five bucks outside. The squaws offered no resistance. Every one I saw dead was scalped. I saw one squaw cut open with an unborn child, as I thought, lying on her side. Captain Soule afterwards told me that such was the fact. I saw the body of White Antelope (75 year old chief) with his privates cut off, and I heard a soldier say he was going to make a tobacco pouch out of them. I saw one squaw whose privates were cut out…I saw a little girl about five years of age who had been hid in the sand; two soldiers discovered her, drew their pistols and shot her, and then pulled her out of the sand by the arm. I saw quite a number of infants in arms killed with their mothers.

Sand Creek Massacre

Lieutenant James Connor corroborated this and added:

In going over the battleground the next day I did not see a body of man, woman, or child but was scalped, and in many instances their bodies were mutilated in the most horrible manner—men, women, and children’s privates cut out, &c; I heard one man say that he had cut out a woman’s privates and had them for exhibition on a stick; I heard another man say that he had cut the fingers off an Indian to get the rings on the hand; according to the best of my knowledge and belief these atrocities that were committed were with the knowledge of JM Chivington, and I do not know of his taking measures to prevent them; I heard one instance of a child a few months old being thrown in the feedbox of a wagon, and after being carried some distance left on the ground to perish; I also heard of numerous instances in which men had cut out the private parts of females and stretched them over the saddle-bows and wore them over their hats while riding in the ranks.

On October 14, 1865, the Treaty of Little Arkansas River was signed. It promised perpetual peace. The Indians were given land in reparation for the Sand Creek massacre. The new treaty denied the Cheyenne access to most of the best hunting grounds in Kansas. It was another in along list of treaties for the American Natives.

The attacks, and treaties sapped the power from Black. This opened the door for hawks like Roman Nose and the Dog Soldiers. The Dog Soldiers didn’t sign a treat and didn’t feel bound to it. The Dog Doldiers ignored the treaty. Their desires were in the Lakota territory with the Northern Cheyenne.

General William Tecumseh Sherman was a devout Indian hater. We’ve seen a lot of “his work”. Sherman was sent to break Indians like Roman Nose and the Dog Soldiers. The Dog Soldiers stopped all white” traffic through Kansas.

The US Government wasn’t satisfied with the treaty and their results either so another treaty was created. The new treaty to be broken would be the Medicine Lodge Treaty. On October 28, 1867 the Cheyenne were again uprooted, and moved onto two smaller reservations in Indian Territory which is now Oklahoma. Again they were promised food, provisions, and supplies.

Once again, America took Black Kettle to the “cleaners”. Again the power was sucked out of Black Kettle. When the provisions they had been promised failed to make it, Black Kettle was sapped again. Roman Nose and his band of raiders were attracting more converts.

The Dog Soldiers raided across Kansas, Texas, and Colorado.

General Philip Sheridan’s plan was that US Troops would enter winter encampments, destroy supplies and livestock, and kill any resisters. General Philip H. Sheridan called Black Kettle "a worn out and worthless old cipher".

On October 1868, Warriors attacked a wagon train in Colorado along the Arkansas River. Clara Blinn and her small son Willie were brought to Black Kettle’s camp on the Washita River.

Clara Blinn got a letter to Colonel William B. Hazen at Fort Cobb. She pled for her rescue. On November 20 Black Kettle, Big Mouth, and others went to see Colonel Hazen to discuss White captives and peace.

Colonel Hazen referred them to General Philip Sheridan.

Starting out in a snowstorm, on November 27, 1868, General George Armstrong Custer followed the tracks of a raiding party to a Cheyenne camp on the Washita River.

He ordered the attack for dawn. Black Kettle’s white flag of truce was flying over his teepee.

But Black Kettle’s power had waned so that he had no control over the White captives or much else.

George and his US 7th Cavalry attacked in that bitterly cold. Black Kettle and his wife attempted to flee across the river on a horse but was shot first in the stomach. He kept riding. Another bullet hit him in the back. Black Kettle's wife was killed.

General Custer said that Black Kettle's scalp was taken by an Osage US Army Indian Scout.

The Whites, Clara Blinn was shot in the forehead and scalped and her small child Willie was swung by his feet and his head smashed into a tree.

In 1934 a skeleton wearing Black Kettle’s jewelry was discovered by laborers with the Works Progress Administration who were trying to stabilize a bridge over the Washita River. Black Kettle is now buried in the Indian Cemetery at Colony, Oklahoma.

Black Kettle Grasslands

Native Americans: How The West Was Lost

George "Poopyhead" Custer!
George "Poopyhead" Custer!

                         Even with an arrow in it- his head was clear as a bell!


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    • Timothy Donnelly profile image

      Timothy Donnelly 

      4 years ago from Ontario, Canada

      It has been said that there are two unforgivable sins, the taking of innocent life and rape. This is because restitution is impossible. Small consolation though unless one believes in a Just God.

      Dallin H. Oaks said: "Readjusting our desires to give highest priority to the things of eternity is not easy. We are all tempted to desire that worldly quartet of Property, Prominence, Pride and Power. We might desire these, but we should not fix them as our highest priorities."

    • Micky Dee profile imageAUTHOR

      Micky Dee 

      7 years ago

      platinumOwl4- it is still happening. genocide is ALWAYS going on somewhere. Wherever a business man sees an opportunity he also sees a people in the way. God bless your heart.

    • platinumOwl4 profile image


      7 years ago

      I Thank you for writing this hub. I have read and continue to read about what really happen and was deliberately covered up. Now, apparently for the truth and the whole truth to come out. Must stop now blood pressure monitor overheating!!!

    • Micky Dee profile imageAUTHOR

      Micky Dee 

      7 years ago

      God bless you barefoot. I miss you.

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      I know this was not easy for you to write, it was not easy to read, i could not finish reading. Thank you for writing the real story.

      good wishes and blessing your way, I am up and down and still ok. tons of love your way. take care -hugs-

    • Micky Dee profile imageAUTHOR

      Micky Dee 

      7 years ago

      God bless you dear Peggy. Thank you for your kind heart and support.

    • Peggy W profile image

      Peggy Woods 

      7 years ago from Houston, Texas

      What we did to the native Indians who were here first is appauling and disgusting. I am sure that this is probably an eye opener for many who read the sanitized version of history. Thanks Micky. Up and useful. You put a lot of work into this one and it shows.

    • Micky Dee profile imageAUTHOR

      Micky Dee 

      7 years ago

      God bless mquee. Let's hold the truth dear.

      God bless Wes! There is so much to block out. Keep the faith brother man.

    • Wesman Todd Shaw profile image

      Wesman Todd Shaw 

      7 years ago from Kaufman, Texas

      I think that this is one of the stories that I'd blocked out of my mind at a young age.

      If it isn't said already, then soon it will be "fly this flag and every soldier will shoot at you."

    • mquee profile image


      7 years ago from Columbia, SC

      Amazing story Micky Dee. Cruelty and hate and we call ourselves civilized. Thanks for sharing a bit of history.

    • Micky Dee profile imageAUTHOR

      Micky Dee 

      7 years ago

      Thank you kimberly. I love you too.

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      love you!

    • Micky Dee profile imageAUTHOR

      Micky Dee 

      7 years ago

      Thank you all very much for your comments. The truth is important. Otherwise we have no foundation. God bless.

    • toknowinfo profile image


      7 years ago

      This is some story. I have so much respect for Native Americans, although the man I met, told me they prefer to be called American Indians, so that is how I refer to them. Their belief in oneness with nature and respect for all that surrounded them led them to great defeats. I sometimes have thought about how different things we be, had they somehow won. Thanks for a fantastic historic hub.

    • Terry.Hirneisen profile image


      7 years ago from Shenandoah Valley

      Micky I came here after seeing some of your comments. Glad I did! What a thorough and expert job you have done on his sad sad story of our treatment of Native Americans. I think your historical tale is important reading.

    • WillStarr profile image


      7 years ago from Phoenix, Arizona

      Great Hub Micky!

      I wrote a short story about this sort of thing:

    • epigramman profile image


      7 years ago

      ..well all of your hubs are hubs of truth!

      You and I go back a long way here at the Hub - and my admiration has always been of the deepest and the highest and most sincere form for someone as special and unique and gifted as you.

      I am sorry that you've had some troubles with censorship and the like along the way but your independent spirit always shines through and inspires the rest of us - and a beautiful and informative hub you have shared with us - here! Another hall of famer and this story is one which needs to be told ....... I sure hope Wayne Brown and Will Starr read this one - and no wonder I'm such a beautiful mess Mister Dee Sir of Micky - you have been a BIG part of my life here at the Hub!

    • Micky Dee profile imageAUTHOR

      Micky Dee 

      7 years ago

      rpalulis thank you. You can see it well.

      Genna East - God bless you dear Genna!

      tonymac04 - you can see it well. all over the Earth. The white man has certainly done his share of killing and enslaving!

      God bless all my friends here who love the truth!

    • tonymac04 profile image

      Tony McGregor 

      7 years ago from South Africa

      How incredibly sad this history is. The shameful legacy of colonialism shows up all over the world. The "whites" think they have some right to rob and kill if the vicitms aren't white. This history is almost exactly like what happened in Africa, and in particular in my part of the wonderful continent, South Africa.

      Thanks for opening my eyes to yet another example of racism and arrogance.

      Love and peace


    • Genna East profile image

      Genna East 

      7 years ago from Massachusetts, USA

      Like "Bury My Heart At Wounded Knee," this hub brought me to tears and made me ashamed. The Native Americans knew what it was like to be true human beings. What a devastating legacy we left in robbing them of literally everything for some absurd premise of "The Manifest Destiny."

    • rpalulis profile image


      7 years ago from NY

      Thank you Micky for removing the veil from this piece of history. All this because of the greed of man, such a horrible- barbaric history this country has.

    • 50 Caliber profile image

      50 Caliber 

      7 years ago from Arizona

      Aye, Mic' I never seem to get past the comment box, glad you pointed out his head and rightfully so, dust

    • Micky Dee profile imageAUTHOR

      Micky Dee 

      7 years ago

      Yoyoyo! Brother man Dusty! Did you like my pic of Custer beneath the comment box. That's my artwork! Not great but does the trick. I ought to autograph it though!

      Custer threw his book of battle procedures out of the window. He went against military strategy. He was cocky. He was an American terrorist.

      God bless you Dusty Dude!

    • 50 Caliber profile image

      50 Caliber 

      7 years ago from Arizona

      Mic' I grew up with a "Grand Pa" who by blood was no relation, but nonetheless he was my GrandPa born in Oklahoma on a reservation, I never knew as a child anything about him being a halfbreed Indian, he was just my GrandPa that spoiled the fuzz out of me and every summer kid napped me for his vacation week and we did a lot of fishing. He had married my dads wife's mother and we would beat around in his old 46 chevy, man I miss him still, I loved that guy!

      This is a moving article, presented better than any history I was taught. They were still teaching about the Indians being the "scalpers" only for me to find white-men taught them the ritual. Like ear collectors in Nam. One the one page in US history at college level they took time to mention the NVA dismembering our dead soldiers. The way history is handled here is despicable, and like all taught, conveniently is as slanted as our politicians. Liars.

      Custer's last stand, has been unveiled by modern forensics as his last retreat, while they got their ass handed to them in their hat, he, along with his soldiers were running. I watched a series of videos from the History Channel that all these years later matched rifles to Indians and soldiers and the spent casings to rifles and the path all were running, rightfully so the Indians killed them all, the only injustice that day were Indian casualties. How could one not root for the Indians that day?

      It is a long strung history that makes me embarrassed to be a paleface. The history of these slaughters has been told and retold over the generations and finally after years of denial, forensics proved the Indian spoken history of Custer's demise to be fact.

      Excellent job putting this together, I see much work. Peace and much love, dust

    • Micky Dee profile imageAUTHOR

      Micky Dee 

      7 years ago

      God bless you AM. We both raise this banner high. This false patriotism we're being fed is fascism. God bless you.

      God bless you nomoretrucks! You've got a handle on it!

      God bless akirchner.

      Thank you RevLady. We are slow learners and we get amnesia. God bless you!

    • RevLady profile image


      7 years ago from Lantana, Florida

      Thank you for presenting this historical truth MD. Though terrible and cause for profound shame, we can only grow in knowing the truth however devastating it may be. Another truth is that American is a poor learner.

      Love and peace dear friend.

      Forever His

    • akirchner profile image

      Audrey Kirchner 

      7 years ago from Washington

      So much of Indian history is all so sad but you do it justice, Micky and think it is very important for folks to understand the history of our 'great' nation. Sometimes it makes me feel terrible to be an American to be honest.

    • nomoretrucks profile image


      7 years ago from scotland

      the horrible truths and atrocities which must be told, without the 'romantic' notions. I feel the same guilt when i read this for the actions of our forefathers as i did after visiting James Island next to Julfre on the Gambia river. The 'Roots' village of Alex Haily's ancestors.You are not afraid to talk the truth sir!

    • A M Werner profile image

      Allen Werner 

      7 years ago from West Allis

      I'm speechless sir. I study Native American history and have heard and read this tale in many forms and this one ranks among the best. You did an outstanding job. There are many conservatives that think revisionist history doesn't need to be heard, that the losers should not have a voice. When victory is the result of fraud, theft, lies, murder and massacre; then the victory is not deserved. In most any other walk in life, a victor would be stripped of any and all honor they obtained in this manner. In America, many want to keep the lies embellished for the sake of a false patriotism. Keep up the great work. Love and Peace

    • Micky Dee profile imageAUTHOR

      Micky Dee 

      7 years ago

      God bless y'all! I have people telling me that there is no such thinhg as an American terrorist Below - you will see a picture of an American terrorist. Above this guy Chivington was an American terrorist! The (bloodless-then bloody) Third Colorado Calvary and the 7th Calvary were full of terrorists.

      Thank you AA, Always God bless you! Yes ma'am Fossillady, I love that movie. It's hard to watch in so many parts but it is so funny in parts too. It shows the ridiculousness of this era, God bless.

      Thank you Jeremy.

      Long live Shitinski!

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Great job Mick. Indeed, it was a sad chapter of humanity. Great presentation old son.

    • Jeremey profile image


      7 years ago from Arizona

      The painful truth.

    • Fossillady profile image


      7 years ago from Saugatuck Michigan

      In scheme of the universe humans have only evolved as far as kindergarten! We need to follow the golden rule, every religion and culture has one and they all mean the same thing...treat others as you would want them to treat you. Do you recall the movie "Little Big Man" starring Dustin Hoffman? It has some comical spots, but ends very tragic...He was raised by Native Americans and went back and forth between them and his white man roots...I fell in love with NA during this movie and will never forget it! Great information and hub Micky! Bless you

    • always exploring profile image

      Ruby Jean Richert 

      7 years ago from Southern Illinois

      My God, how horrible ! How could anyone treat another with such hate. I am so ashamed of our history, first the Native Indians, slavery, what next ? The poor. When the first settlement arrived here, the Indian helped them, then greed raised it's evil head. Thank you Micky, keep writing, maybe someday we will get it. I know this took a lot of research. It is written so well. I felt sick at my stomach while reading, but it needed to be told. The truth surely hurts.

      God Bless

    • A.A. Zavala profile image

      Augustine A Zavala 

      7 years ago from Texas

      This was absolutely fascinating and sad. When European settlers came to this nation, they labeled the Native American as savages. Yet, they had a sophisticated form of government, justice system, belief system. The foreigners seemed to be more savage than their host. Thanks again for sharing.

    • Micky Dee profile imageAUTHOR

      Micky Dee 

      7 years ago

      God bless y'all. I'm a bit ill right now. I have one repugnant that hates getting his clock cleaned. I've been "followed" by fools who think I'll go along with the Obama hate train. I've spent two days now going at a hubpage of haters that spew venom so nasty I had to cut their knees off. I'm sick of this hate party. The smell of bigotry has all but stopped my nose up.

      I have never voted for a democrat. I've not voted for a republican and that ain't ever happening.

      I'm against both parties as is. But this hate from republicans - I just wish there were just an iota of decency about them. That party is taking Christians to hell right here.

      Thank y'all. God bless you. Thank you for your support!

    • PegCole17 profile image

      Peg Cole 

      7 years ago from Northeast of Dallas, Texas

      Micky Dee - This was a beautifully written, sad piece of our history and speaks volumes about our love for one another as humans on the same planet. "As long as skys are blue and grass is green" this is your land.

    • Amy Becherer profile image

      Amy Becherer 

      7 years ago from St. Louis, MO

      Dear Micky man, I had to stop to compose myself as it's difficult to read through tears. Genocide is such a civil word for the ugly end result of hatred. I agree with BobbiRant. Superiority, intolerance and disrespect for differences, and solving those differences through violence...and history keeps repeating itself. And what does it take to stop ignorance? I wish I knew. God bless you, Micky Dee, in your strength to keep trying with the truth.

    • Micky Dee profile imageAUTHOR

      Micky Dee 

      7 years ago

      Oh Poohgranma! You know I love you now! Oh my, God bless you!

    • Poohgranma profile image


      7 years ago from On the edge

      Micky, I have a weak stomach and pain, torture and fear always sets off gagging and/or vomiting. It's not that I don't want to know about it, so as to help prevent it, I just have a hair trigger stomach.

      I have long known the atrocities of what the white man has done, and still does to the Native Americans, to those we were "at war" with and how we used citizens of these great United States and our own soldiers to experiment with the affects of syphilis gone untreated. How we used our soldiers as guinea pigs, having them watch the test explosions of atom bombs up close and personal so they could then test the amount of radiation present in their bodies ... I could go on of course.

      I wanted to return to say what a brilliantly written piece this is, how well researched and presented when I had digested the horror and could address the merits of your writing. Keep telling the truth!!!

    • Micky Dee profile imageAUTHOR

      Micky Dee 

      7 years ago

      God bless you Dim. This type hub hurts me. It hurts people to see this. Let's never see this up close. God bless you!

    • Dim Flaxenwick profile image

      Dim Flaxenwick 

      7 years ago from Great Britain

      This was wonderfully written. Thank you Micky, though you made me cry again.

      The music to ¨How the west wass lost ¨ I have on a cd called sacred spirit. All the tracks are beautiful.

      Why oh why? So much land, such a Big Country. There was room for both cultures. You did a marvellous job on this . Thank you. love, Dim x

    • Micky Dee profile imageAUTHOR

      Micky Dee 

      7 years ago

      God bless you Hummingbird! The Native Americans were a superior race. The Native American could live without all the pollution and neuroses that plague us today.

      Obviously - the Native American was a superior being.

    • Hummingbird5356 profile image


      7 years ago

      This is a terrible episode in history and the governments are no different now.

      The whites didn't want to accept that the Indians were a superior and refined people. It is not the house you live in that defines you but what you are as a person.

      Thank you for this hub.

    • Micky Dee profile imageAUTHOR

      Micky Dee 

      7 years ago

      God bless you PAPA-BEAR!

      Yo brother Mentalist acer- let's keep our faith!

    • Mentalist acer profile image

      Mentalist acer 

      7 years ago from A Voice in your Mind!

      An important and devestating document of true reality over rhetoric Micky.;)

    • PAPA-BEAR profile image

      John W Townsend 

      7 years ago from London England UK

      Sadly it is all so common in life today, the same vile attitudes that destroy. Thank you for a brilliant hub.

    • Micky Dee profile imageAUTHOR

      Micky Dee 

      7 years ago

      Thank you Ken. It's nice to have you here.

      God bless you Eiddwen! You are so right!

    • Eiddwen profile image


      7 years ago from Wales

      What a great hub Micky and so very sad. However a very important piece of history, sadly when we look around us today has humanity all learnt a lesson from this ?? The sad answer is 'no !!'

      Thanks for sharing this one and all the hard work you've obviously put into it certainly shows.

      Take care Micky,


    • Ken R. Abell profile image

      Ken R. Abell 

      7 years ago from ON THE ROAD

      What a tragic, brutal piece of history. Our forebears have no place to hide--the Indians were systematically lied to, abused, stolen from, & slaughtered, yet more & more, these horrific incidents are sanitized or in some cases the pages are removed from history books.

      Great Hub, Micky Dee. Voted up & useful. I hope it goes viral & gets a ton of exposure.

    • Micky Dee profile imageAUTHOR

      Micky Dee 

      7 years ago

      God bless you brother Vietnam Vet!

      God bless you Bobbi!You are so right on dear. It's a sordid past America has. What bothers me most is how a bulk of America will not recognize the true history. This story is a grain of sand on the beach. Today's politicians are indeed, "making their ancestors very proud." It's all a business and we are all "workers" and this America needs to be a CO-OP and not a corporation. We are people.

    • BobbiRant profile image


      7 years ago from New York

      You know, when I watch 'The Last of the Mohicans' and read 'Bury My Heart a Wounded Knee' I realize our American government has always been ruthless and our country was formed from violence and 'taking' whatever they pleased. So today's politicians are being true to form, making their ancestors very proud. Love this hub!

    • vietnamvet68 profile image


      7 years ago from New York State

      Micky Dee - Such an excellent well written story of the Indians. Thing is the Indians are still lied to and treated like crap today, I see it right here in NY on the two reservations here. Great write Micky I really enjoyed this one. Thanks

      God Bless Brother man

    • Micky Dee profile imageAUTHOR

      Micky Dee 

      7 years ago

      Hi Poogranma. I couldn't write this any other way. I wanted to. I thought about a "warning" at the top of the page.

      This "truth stuff" really hurts. I had to write it to keep us sick of this atrocity. It's going on now. Same stuff. Different location. This write hurts me to read. Japan is painful right now to me. The whole Earth is in tears. God bless you dear!

    • Poohgranma profile image


      7 years ago from On the edge

      Micky, I shadow all that SilverGenes has written and voted this up/useful/awesome but I'll come back tomorrow to finish my comments, after I stop throwing up.

    • Micky Dee profile imageAUTHOR

      Micky Dee 

      7 years ago

      Thank you SilverGenes. It's a horrible piece of history. But folks don't learn so well. God bless!

    • profile image


      7 years ago

      Micky this is an incredibly sad story. You have done your research and have presented it very well. You've done an excellent job reporting a terrible time in history.


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