ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Kerala: How It Made History, Fighting Flood

Updated on September 17, 2019
Paul Dickens profile image

Paul Joseph is a popular freelance journalist and column writer. He is famous on the internet for his matchless poetical language and style

First Time In History

This write-up will explain how Kerala, the small southwestern Indian state gained worldwide attention and admiration in three days by fighting against the most devastating flood it witnessed in this century.

Kerala, fondly called Gods Own Country, was already famous for its tourist destinations, higher literacy rate, and healthcare status. It had made another remarkable achievement earlier by preventing the spread of a deadly contagion Nipah within a week after the first case was reported. (Nipah is a nightmare even for developed nations). The destructive flood occurred in 2018 would have wiped out the entire population of the state if the government and the people had not acted intelligently on time. The state could set up more than 100 relief camps and start the rescue operation with the help of ordinary men and NGOs across the state overnight.

Monsoons In Kerala

Kerala has two monsoons every year. One is the southwest monsoon that comes to Kerala by mid-May and recedes by mid-July. The other one, caused by the Northeastern monsoon, arrives in mid-October. Each season is unique in its characteristics. The Southwest monsoon pours heavily but typically does not disturb the social life. However, the latter pours heavily mostly every afternoon accompanied by the reverberating noise of thunder, and it often causes substantial damage.

This time, in 2018, Kerala witnessed an early onset of rain by the end of May. Since its inception, the rain showered heavily, and it resulted in the worst flood that the state had ever seen in its history. The rain hit almost all regions of Kerala heavily, breaking the record of a hundred years' rain history of this region.

Although the rainfall remained within the normal range until July last, between June 1 and July 31, there was hardly 17 percent excess rain. However, on August 7, the situation changed and it marked over 317 percent surplus rainfall, and on August 15, it became 915 percent excess. By August 21, Kerala got 41 percent excess, i.e., 2387 mm against 1688 mm. Since 15th August, unfortunate incidents like landslides and deluge were reported from different parts of the state.

Intensity of the Damage

By 21st August, 370 people died while at least 90,000 people were rescued from flood-affected cities and villages. Except for two districts (Thiruvananthapuram and Kasaragod), all 12 districts confronted massive damage and loss. Moreover, among them, Idukki, Malappuram, Thrissur, Pathanamthitta, Ernakulam, Kottayam, and Alappuzha witnessed the most critical condition. Thousands of people got stranded at Chengannur, Aluva, Kuttanad, Pandalam, Aranmula, Iritty, and Chalakkudi two days and nights without having enough food and drinking water.

Another scene of landslide
Another scene of landslide
Districts
Most Affected Areas
Kasaragod
-----
Kannur
Iritty
Wayanad
Padinjarathara, Kottathara
Kozhikode
Thiruvambady, Nechoolipoyil
Malappuram
Tirur, Ponnani
Palakkad
Attappady, Kallamala
Thrissur
Arattupuzha, Chalakudi, Ettumuna
Ernakulam
Aluva, Paravur, Perumbavoor.
Idukki
Munnar, Cheruthoni
Kottayam
Kumarakom, Pala
Pathanamthitta
Pandalam, Ranni
Alappuzha
Chengannur, Kuttanad
Kollam
----
Thiruvananthapuram
-----

The table shows only the most affected areas

Source

Kerala Fights Flood

Some power stations in the affected regions were already shut down for safety reasons. Many people lost access to rescue team as their mobile phone batteries drained out. Hundreds of people including, men, women, and children posted live videos, pleading for assistance. The administrative system worked 24/7 to coordinate various departments and NGOs for the rescue operation. The condition deteriorated when thirty-three dams were opened at a time as they had exceeded the storage limit. It happened for the first time in the history of Kerala. When the lowland cities flooded, some hilly districts like Wayanad and Idukki witnessed severe landslides. Altogether, the condition was too pathetic for a small state like Kerala to withstand.

People from the non-affected areas realized that it was time for them to act intelligently. They came forward voluntarily and joined the rescue forces in every affected area. The rescue team consisted of the Indian Army, Navy, the National Disaster Response Force, Kerala Police, Kerala Fire and Rescue Services, various NGOs and the civilians. However, gradually things went out of control because due to incessant rainfall, roads and bridges had collapsed. The big surge of water and darkness impeded the operation. Airlifting also became difficult as the teams in choppers could not locate people due to unfavorable weather. At night, the air force could save only those who had a torch in their hands to give some signals.

A child being rescued
A child being rescued

People posted their contact numbers on social media sites and offered free drives, food and shelter, and all assistance. Social media was transformed into control rooms and helpline

Intelligence Works!

The youth of Kerala, within and outside the state, passed messages to each other, and all of a sudden social media turned into disaster management control rooms. IT companies became the helplines and information centers. Nodes and websites were created only for this purpose overnight. Kerala’s IT cell and The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) came together and created a special node for addressing rescue requirements and queries.

Schools, colleges, churches, temples, mosques, auditoriums, clubs, and public libraries became relief camps. Individuals posted their contact numbers on Facebook, WhatsApp, and other platforms, offering free drives, food and shelter, and other services. Stranded people’s details were sorted out and posted on facebook incessantly. Professionals like doctors, nurses, and others signed up on the government’s website as volunteers choosing their nearest location for free service. More than 2000 fishermen with their boats rushed to the affected areas when they heard that the official rescue team had confronted troubles. They rowed vigorously and sometimes swam against the current to reach the areas where the military boats could not reach. Finally, they succeeded in their effort. The fishermen alone saved thousands and became superheroes in this event.

Likely Causes of the Flood
1. Excess Rainfall
2. 33 Dams' Shutters opened at a time
3. Farming in landslid-prone areas
4. Improper paddy field reclamation
5. Unscientific infrastructure development

Causes of the flood is a topic for further research. The opposition parties argue that the incident was due to the opening of 33 dams at a time.

A house collapsed due to landslide
A house collapsed due to landslide

Helping Hands

The incident aroused broad discussion across the world within a few hours. As a result, funds flowed from different countries and agencies to the Chief Minister's Relief Fund . Several individuals and business groups from within and outside the state donated clothes, medicines, and other essential commodities. Many restaurants and individuals supplied free food to relief camps. Textile owners and other business people provided whatever each relief camp needed. Finally, by 19th evening the rain receded, and the rescue mission almost came to an end. People from all over the world were observing how such a small state could battle the bad weather. Leaders of other nations appreciated the unity and intelligence of the people of Kerala. Many of them offered to fund for the state’s relief programs and development. The total loss of Kerala was around Rs. 20,000 crores. Some of the areas in Alappuzha and Kottayam remained under water again for a long time, and thousands of people had to continue in relief camps for a long time

The success story of Kerala is an excellent example of the practical use of net assisted technology like social media. The higher literacy rate of the state is another factor that made this disaster management easy. Also, the active involvement of self-help groups, which is one of the main characteristics of Kerala, also contributed to the success of this rescue task. Although people in Kerala believe in different religions and political ideologies, they always make intelligent decisions and stay united for good causes.

The state confronted a second flood in 2019 as well, and that added to its death toll and fiscal loss. It's interesting to learn how the flood-hit Kerala is now fixing the post-flood scenario by adopting the Japanese Model of Sustainable Development in the affected areas.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment
    • profile image

      JKMathew 

      2 years ago

      Your write up about the the flood of 2018 pin pointed the reasons flood and described how the People of Kerala faced it bravely, but the 2nd deluge in 2019 shown that as a community we haven't learned anything from the first flood. Still the People of Kerala merrily ignore the environmental issues for their own peril, forgetting the fact that man and his achievements are nothing before the elements of nature. Kerala must give due importance to environmental issues urgently otherwise massive disaster is awaiting it,

    • Paul Dickens profile imageAUTHOR

      Paul Joseph 

      3 years ago from India

      Thanks Biju for your valuable time and comment

    • profile image

      Biju Mappila 

      3 years ago

      U r greate, good

    • Paul Dickens profile imageAUTHOR

      Paul Joseph 

      3 years ago from India

      Thank you Nishy for spending your time for reading it

    • Paul Dickens profile imageAUTHOR

      Paul Joseph 

      3 years ago from India

      Thank you Soby for reading and commenting on it. I tried my level best to be honest about the incident details. If there's any updation you can point out so that I can edit and make the content perfect

    • profile image

      Soby Philip 

      3 years ago

      The survival story is very well described.Fantastic effort Paul.

    • Paul Dickens profile imageAUTHOR

      Paul Joseph 

      3 years ago from India

      Thank for your appreciation Jian

    • profile image

      Jian Aqua 

      3 years ago

      One of the best articles with articulate n point blank overview of the disaster.

      Congratulations Paul, my pal.

    • profile image

      Joseph Mathew 

      3 years ago

      An excellent work indeed. congrats..

    • Paul Dickens profile imageAUTHOR

      Paul Joseph 

      3 years ago from India

      Elijah A Alexander Jr ,

      How genuinely and perfectly you assessed the situation I described! Thanks for the appreciation.

    • The0NatureBoy profile image

      Elijah A Alexander Jr 

      3 years ago from Washington DC

      Very well revealed, Paul, showing how that seemingly less resourceful nation exceeded the relief operations of two U.S. floods, 2005 (I think) New Orleans, Louisiana and 2017 Houston, Texas rescued operations. Volunteers were being prohibited from helping in those two areas in tis highlyindustrialzed nation.

      Thanks for the presentation.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://corp.maven.io/privacy-policy

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
    ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)