ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

Gypsies: Romani Language

Updated on February 9, 2015
Vincent van Gogh's "Encampment of Gypsies with Caravans" is in the public domain in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less.
Vincent van Gogh's "Encampment of Gypsies with Caravans" is in the public domain in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of the author plus 100 years or less. | Source

What language do gypsies speak?

This article answers the question posed by Melanie Shebel (melbel) "What language do gypsies speak?"

What is a Gypsy?

Gypsies are a nomadic people originally from northern India who migrated to Asia, Europe, North America, and Australia.

Gypsy is the name in English of those people belonging to the Romani (Romany) ethnic group. In the Romani language, the Romani people are called several names, among them Roma, Romane, Romani, Romanies, and Roms.

The term "gypsy" comes from the mistaken belief that the Romani people originated in Egypt. The term, derived from the word Egyptian, is considered derogatory by many Romanies.

Milei Vencel photographed these Romani people from Transylvania, Romania in 2012.
Milei Vencel photographed these Romani people from Transylvania, Romania in 2012. | Source

Romani Language Dialects

The following chart lists the most common Romani dialects and the countries in which that dialect is usually spoken.

ROMANI LANGUAGE DIALECT
AREAS ASSOCIATED WITH THE DIALECT
Finnish Kale
Finland, Sweden
Iberian Kale
Spain, Portugal, Latin America, Southern France
Manush
French-speaking areas in Central Europe
Roma
Europe, North America, South America, Australia
Romanichal
United Kingdom, United States, Australia
Romanisæl
Sweden, Norway
Sinti
German-speaking areas in Central Europe
Welsh Kale
Wales
The copyright of this image of a Gypsy Caravan is owned by Evelyn Simak and is licensed for reuse under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 license. The photograph was taken on May 14,2008.
The copyright of this image of a Gypsy Caravan is owned by Evelyn Simak and is licensed for reuse under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 license. The photograph was taken on May 14,2008. | Source

No Written Romani Language Until Recently

Until recently, there was no written Romani language. Depending upon the Internet source you use, Romani, an Indo-Aryan language, is spoken by two miilion people worldwide or 4.8 million people worldwide or 10 million people worldwide.

University of Manchester Romani Linguistics Project

The School of Languages, Linguistics, and Cultures at the University of Manchester in Manchester, England has conducted extensive research into the Romani language and its dialects. Using one of the University's databases, I have produced a chart indicating translations of the word "love" and a sentence using the word in several Romani dialects.

Athough there are some similarities among the dialects, the translations appear to be of distinct languages.

ROMANI DIALECT
THE WORD "LOVE" (VERB)
SENTENCE USING THE WORD "LOVE"
 
 
It seems to me that she is in love with him.
(AL-001) Měckari
kamava tut
manje dičhola sar okuva kamela la
(BG-001) Velingrad Yerli
dukhava
kərəla pəs mandə, če oj si vljubimə ləstə
(BG-007) Kalajdži
severim
mange pes avel pes kaj voj bienir les
(BG-008) Kalburdžu
seviim
phaklem mor ogi galba oj mangel kav čhave
(BG-009) Kalajdži
but severim
me akhjarav či si vljubeno/voj či mangel les
(BG-010) Muzikantska Roma
dukhava
sruvizela man či odja vljubime lesti
(BG-011) Goli Cigani
sevijom
mislizaa či oj … sevijor les
(BG-012) Rešitari / Čergari
mangav
maj voj mangel les
(BG-013) Kalajdži
običizava
mislizava mange či odeja i vljubime an leste
(BG-014) Kalajdži
mangav
galiba voj mangel le
(BG-015) Xoraxani
sevijerim
zannedijerim či odja mangela les
(BG-016) Kalajdži
mangava
misizava kaj voj mangela le
(BG-023) Xoraxani
sevijerim
me dikhava oj enǝ mangela les
(BG-024) Sofia Erli
dehav
dikhjol kaj oj mangel les
(BG-045) Sindel
sevīm
odoja āšǝki lehke
(CZ-001) Czech Vlax
te milovalij les
dikhav hotj kamel les
(EST-005) Čuxny
te kames
 
(FIN-002) East Finnish Romani
ikkavel
manna cikkila at joi hin kamjatas les
(FIN-005) West Finnish Romani
ikkaven
pi me tikkās et jou ikkina lesta
(FIN-006) East Finnish Romani
kammaa/ ikkila
me tikkaa ta joo hin kammas les
(FIN-008) East Finnish Romani
kamlavaa
me tenkavaa at joj kammavaa les
(FIN-011) West Finnish Romani
 
me tenkataa että touva ikkaavaa les
(Fin-012) East Finnish Romani
rikkila
me tenkavaa että jou ikkila lesta
(GR-002) Romacilikanes
kamama
 
(GR-004) Sofades
mangava
nomina oti voj mangela les
(HR-001) Gurbet
kamlipe
me gəndiv kaj si oj zaljubime ande leste
(HR-002) Čurjarja Arilje
mangipe
voj izgledil mange kaj si voj zaljublime ande leste
(HR-003) Manuša Čurjarja
voleti
me gǝndiv kaj voj le volil
(HU-004) Lovari
me kamav les
kade gindi me odj kamel les/kade dikhav odj kamel les kadi žuvlji/dičhol odj kamel les
(HU-007) Gurvari
kamel
kadi ka voj kamel les
(IT-007) Molise
kamma
pakja joj innamurinja-p tar kava
(IT-010) Molise
kamma-l bene
pena ta joj innammurinja-p de kuako
(LT-005) Lithuanian Romani
te kamel
mange kazynel-pe so joj kamel les
(LT-007) Lithuanian Romani
kamel
me duminow so jej kamja-pe po leste
(LT-008) Lithuanian Romani
kames
mange zdajse so jej kamel les
(LT-009) Polska Roma
kamom
me duminow so joj ukamni-pes de leste
(LV-005) Čuxny (Latvian Romani)
kama
mange leki sy jej kamel les
(LV-006) Lotfitka (Latvian Romani)
kama
... dufina sy jej kamel les
working

This website uses cookies

As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://corp.maven.io/privacy-policy

Show Details
Necessary
HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
Features
Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
Marketing
Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
Statistics
Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)
ClickscoThis is a data management platform studying reader behavior (Privacy Policy)