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A Sedentary Lifestyle is the New Smoking
The bottom line for prevention is being aware, eating healthy and routinely exercising.
Risk factors can be defined as “something that increases your chances of getting a disease” (Myers, 2006). The text Health, the Basics states that some common risk factors that are preventable are, Tobacco use, saturated fat intake, high LDL cholesterol caused from eating fatty foods and then stored in the cells in your body, not eating enough foods that are high in fiber and contain vitamins through consumption of vegetables will help reduce the chance of elevated LDL (Donatelle, 2009). You should also maintain a healthy weight; get plenty of exercise because obesity causes many illnesses such as: type II diabetes, heart disease, hypertension which can lead to stroke.
Hypertension is defined as, “a sustained high blood pressure, the higher the blood pressure that greater the risk for Cardiovascular disease (CVD)” (Donatelle, 2009). CVD is referred to as the silent killer because it actually has no symptoms. Hypertension is dangerous because it can cause strokes and heart attacks. Prevention can include dietary changes which reduces sodium and calorie intake, and the possible use of diuretics and or other medications. Consistent exercise and the practice of medication and stress release techniques.
“Common cancers include lung, breast, colon and rectal, prostate, skin, testicular,”(Donatelle, 2009). One’s way of life can create risk factors for lung cancer the text provides information on the increased chances of developing lung cancer at a “23 times higher” for smoker verses non smokers.(Donatelle, 2009). Increased weight in menopausal women can increase the risk of breast cancer. A non active life can increase the risks of contracting colon, rectal and prostate cancer. “Over the age of 40 years old and being an African American can increase the probability of prostate cancer” (Rosen, 2011 American Cancer Society). Skin Cancer can affect, at a greater rate those who have fair skin, a history of sunburns, excessive sun exposure, and sunny or high altitude climates. “A family history of skin cancer may be a precursor” (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2010). Some causes of testicular cancer are, having a undecended testicle, family history and contraction of HIV or aids (Mayo Clinic Staff, 2010).
An individual may do all the correct things
Cardio metabolic risk (CMR) “is a constellation of risk factors such as high blood pressure, abnormally high glucose, elevated triglycerides, low good cholesterol, abdominal obesity, smoking, and physical inactivity” (2007, American Heart Association, americanheart.org). All of these risks are preventable, to a certain extent. An individual may do all the correct things to reduce the risk, but unfortunately genetics also have a say in our health. An estimated 47 million U.S residents have cardio metabolic risk which includes one out of ten children ages 12 – 19 and a 43.5% prevalence rate among adults ages 60-69. This is fueled in part by the increasing obesity rates, which has doubled over the past twenty-five years. According to a statement by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the American Heart Association (AHA), excess body weight has become a major public health problem in the U.S., with nearly two-thirds of adults either overweight or obese.Data shows no racial or ethnic group, region of the country, or socioeconomic group has not been affected by obesity (2007, American Heart Association, americanheart.org).
- CRP: The Test | C-Reactive Protein
Describes how the C-reactive protein (CRP) test is used, when a CRP test is ordered, and what the results of a CRP test might mean
C-reactive protein test
Researchers have also discovered that hypertension may not be the only warning sign to heart disease. There is a condition caused from poor eating habits that creates inflammation in the wall of the arteries, blocking the blood flow to in and out of the heart. The C-reactive protein test “measures low levels of CRP using laser Nephelometry"(Lab Tests Online, 2011). The test is rather inexpensive, at ten dollars. Everyone that isn’t already on medication and being treated for a heart condition should be tested. The bottom line for prevention is being aware, eating healthy and routinely exercising.
American Heart Association, (2007). What is Cardio metabolic Risk? Retrieved March 16, 2011 from Americanheart.org
- Skin cancer: Risk factors - MayoClinic.com
Skin cancer — Comprehensive overview covers prevention and treatment and includes skin cancer pictures.
- American Cancer Fund
To educate, support and empower all whose lives have been impacted by Cancer. Your first and best cancer information resource.
Zelefsky MJ, Eastham JA, Sartor OA, Kantoff P.