ArtsAutosBooksBusinessEducationEntertainmentFamilyFashionFoodGamesGenderHealthHolidaysHomeHubPagesPersonal FinancePetsPoliticsReligionSportsTechnologyTravel

How to make a crossover cable -UTP

Updated on November 19, 2009

What you require for this workshop

A minimum of two plastic RJ-45 connectors, a 5 meter CAT5 cable (the length will depend on your requirement), and RJ-45 crimping tool.

Tips: CAT 5 Maximum Length = 100 meters

Step 1
Step 1

Step 1

Measure the required distance between the laptop and the desktop and cut off the required length of the CAT 5 cable. Now take one end of the cable and peel off approximately 2.5 cm of the insulating sleeve using the stripper portion of the crimping tool.

Step 2
Step 2

Step 2

Separate the four colored wire pairs from each other.

Note: Some cables have white wires coded with lines or dots to mark the pair while some cables don't. Remember that each wire pair will be twisted around each other to denote the pair.

Step 3
Step 3

Step 3

Cut off any two pairs that you won't be using to make the cross cable. (Only four wires or two pairs are needed for connectivity). We chose to keep blue and orange pair and chopped off the remaining two pairs.

Step 4
Step 4

Step 4

Now straighten all the wires in a neat line and align them in the following manner;

  • White Orange : Orange : White Blue : Blue.

Step 5
Step 5

Step 5

The next step is to cut off the edges of the wire using the cutter of the crimping tool in a manner that all the wires are now of the exact same length.

Note: Do not cut the wires too much because if the length of the wires is too short, they may not be properly crimped inside the RJ45 connector. The length of the wires coming out of the sleeve should not be longer or shorter than 1.5 cm.

Step 6
Step 6

Step 6

Now separate the last wire (Blue) from the others keeping a gap of around 1/2 cm. This is because the first three wires would connect to pin numbers 1, 2 & 3 and the last wire would connect to pin number 6 of the RJ45 connector.

Step 7
Step 7

Step 7

Take a good look at the RJ45 connector. Hold it in the same direction as shown in the image with the plastic lock facing away from you and the golden leads facing upwards. Now note the pin numbers (see picture) because the next steps would completely depend on straining your eye correctly insert the right wire into the right groove. Also note that each pin or lead has a groove to let only one wire reach the lead.

Step 8
Step 8

Step 8

Now carefully insert the wires into the pins and confirm they are in the right order and groove. Double check the connection for each respective wire and pin. Insert the wires all the way inside the connector by pushing it with a little force. Wire colours should be matched in the manner as illustrated in the picture.

Step 9
Step 9

Step 9

After you have aligned and pushed all the wires deep inside the RJ45 connector, it is the time to take a final check. Turn the connector on both sides and look closely to confirm if each wire has reached the extreme top of the connector and the sleeve of the CAT 5 cable has crossed the lock zone (see image). If the wires are not reaching the end and/or if the sleeve does not cross the lock zone, there are chances of bad connections and/or the wires may get damaged respectively. Ensure proper fitting to avoid problems. If you find that wires are too short or long, start the entire process again ;). Do not take any risks because once the connector is crimped to the wire. you cannot undo it. In such case, the connector will be wasted and the wire will get shorter.

Step 10
Step 10

Step 10

Finally after ensuring that all wires are in place inside the connector, it's time for crimping. Insert the connector, by holding the wire in the crimping tool. While doing this, apply a little force on the cable to push the sleeve and the wires as far as it can go into the connector and immediately press the handles to crimp the connector.

Press the tool firmly to ensure a good crimped connector and to avoid loose connections, You should also here a click when you are crimping which indicates that the sleeve as been locked in position inside the connector,

Step 11
Step 11

Step 11

to crimp the other end with a connector, follow the procedure from Step 1 to Step 10 but the only difference will be the order of the cable colour. Here follow the order of the colour as follows;

  • White Blue : Blue : White Orange : Orange

The rest of the procedure us the same. Your cable should now be ready for use.

Comments

    0 of 8192 characters used
    Post Comment

    No comments yet.

    working

    This website uses cookies

    As a user in the EEA, your approval is needed on a few things. To provide a better website experience, hubpages.com uses cookies (and other similar technologies) and may collect, process, and share personal data. Please choose which areas of our service you consent to our doing so.

    For more information on managing or withdrawing consents and how we handle data, visit our Privacy Policy at: https://hubpages.com/privacy-policy#gdpr

    Show Details
    Necessary
    HubPages Device IDThis is used to identify particular browsers or devices when the access the service, and is used for security reasons.
    LoginThis is necessary to sign in to the HubPages Service.
    Google RecaptchaThis is used to prevent bots and spam. (Privacy Policy)
    AkismetThis is used to detect comment spam. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide data on traffic to our website, all personally identifyable data is anonymized. (Privacy Policy)
    HubPages Traffic PixelThis is used to collect data on traffic to articles and other pages on our site. Unless you are signed in to a HubPages account, all personally identifiable information is anonymized.
    Amazon Web ServicesThis is a cloud services platform that we used to host our service. (Privacy Policy)
    CloudflareThis is a cloud CDN service that we use to efficiently deliver files required for our service to operate such as javascript, cascading style sheets, images, and videos. (Privacy Policy)
    Google Hosted LibrariesJavascript software libraries such as jQuery are loaded at endpoints on the googleapis.com or gstatic.com domains, for performance and efficiency reasons. (Privacy Policy)
    Features
    Google Custom SearchThis is feature allows you to search the site. (Privacy Policy)
    Google MapsSome articles have Google Maps embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    Google ChartsThis is used to display charts and graphs on articles and the author center. (Privacy Policy)
    Google AdSense Host APIThis service allows you to sign up for or associate a Google AdSense account with HubPages, so that you can earn money from ads on your articles. No data is shared unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Google YouTubeSome articles have YouTube videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    VimeoSome articles have Vimeo videos embedded in them. (Privacy Policy)
    PaypalThis is used for a registered author who enrolls in the HubPages Earnings program and requests to be paid via PayPal. No data is shared with Paypal unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook LoginYou can use this to streamline signing up for, or signing in to your Hubpages account. No data is shared with Facebook unless you engage with this feature. (Privacy Policy)
    MavenThis supports the Maven widget and search functionality. (Privacy Policy)
    Marketing
    Google AdSenseThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Google DoubleClickGoogle provides ad serving technology and runs an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Index ExchangeThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    SovrnThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Facebook AdsThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Unified Ad MarketplaceThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    AppNexusThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    OpenxThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Rubicon ProjectThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    TripleLiftThis is an ad network. (Privacy Policy)
    Say MediaWe partner with Say Media to deliver ad campaigns on our sites. (Privacy Policy)
    Remarketing PixelsWe may use remarketing pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to advertise the HubPages Service to people that have visited our sites.
    Conversion Tracking PixelsWe may use conversion tracking pixels from advertising networks such as Google AdWords, Bing Ads, and Facebook in order to identify when an advertisement has successfully resulted in the desired action, such as signing up for the HubPages Service or publishing an article on the HubPages Service.
    Statistics
    Author Google AnalyticsThis is used to provide traffic data and reports to the authors of articles on the HubPages Service. (Privacy Policy)
    ComscoreComScore is a media measurement and analytics company providing marketing data and analytics to enterprises, media and advertising agencies, and publishers. Non-consent will result in ComScore only processing obfuscated personal data. (Privacy Policy)
    Amazon Tracking PixelSome articles display amazon products as part of the Amazon Affiliate program, this pixel provides traffic statistics for those products (Privacy Policy)