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Updated on October 3, 2013

Dr. Howard Gardner


The main fact I am writing about intelligence is because of the way the Department of Education wants to stick everybody in the same can, as if we were made from a clone. As I've seen they really just care about the money they could get into their pockets with federal helps; coming from proposals. Instead of how to deal and meet children's necessities with the transforming days.

My experience as a mother of three and being an almost retired teacher of Special Education (Which has made me encounter many students from kinder to twelfth grade); has led me to the knowledge that our differences as humans are so diverse holding within us a universe. So, I will add my faith in God also. I believe that the many intelligence and individual differences theories has a part of how God created us. Psalm 119:73 says "Your hands made me and formed me; give me understanding to learn your commands".

Our children do not belong to the Department of let's gain knowledge and try to help, understand and reeducate "unstuck" them. The "input" they need... to have a critical mind, become mentally healthy and a productive individual; can be fed when we know how learning is achieved.

I learned that: "If a child doesn't learn the way he/she is thought; teach the way he/she learns". In order to know how they learn we need to identified their intelligence.

Nothing new under the sun

There is nothing new under the I selected links, a well done chart and videos in behalf of a good understanding of the theme.

Intelligence is the capacity for learning, reasoning, understanding, and similar forms of mental activity, aptitude in grasping truths, relationships, facts, meanings, etc. So it is just not about ABC and 1,2,3.

We will also need to understand The theory of the four temperaments to add our knowledge of diversity; and we need to learn the different strategies of teaching. Teaching strategies are based from the multiple intelligences within us and for the multiple intelligences in each children. An example will be constructivist teaching; but to find the best strategy we need to answer: who. what, where and when.

The theory of multiple intelligences

When I made my master of arts in education degree; I studied The theory of multiple intelligences of Dr. Howard Gardner (professor of education at Harvard University) in 1983. I became admirable of his research. He proposes eight different intelligences to account for a broader range of human potential in children and adults. That is why knowing the different intelligences and knowing how we learn will help us to try to understand how to approach or expect from others.

The multiple intelligences are:Linguistic intelligence, Logical mathematical intelligence, Spatial intelligence, Bodily kinesthetics intelligence, Musical intelligence, Interpersonal intelligence, Intra-personal intelligence and Naturalist intelligence.

Multiply Intelligence


Linguistic Intelligence

Ability to use words and language.

Who are these linguistic intellectual: politicians, lawyers, poets, journalists, translators, writers, teachers. Example: TS Eliot


Ability to use reason, logical and numbers.

These are: mathematicians, researchers, scientists, accountants, engineers and computer programmers. Example: Albert Einstein

Spatial intelligence

Ability to perceive the visual.

Found in: visual artist, inventors, mechanics, architects, sculptures also in navigators. Example: Pablo Picasso.

Bodily kinesthetics intelligence

Ability to control body movements and handle objects skillfully.

Where to find these learners: in dancers, artisans, athletes, actors and firefighters. Example: Martha Graham.

Musical intelligence

Ability to produce and appreciate music.

These musical intellectuals are: musicians, singers, composers and disc jockey. Example: Igor Stravinsky.

Interpersonal intelligence

Ability to relate and understand others.

These are:salespersons, politicians, counselors and business persons. Example: Mahatma Gandhi.

Intra-personal intelligence

Ability to self-reflect and be aware of one's inner state of being.

Skills from this intelligence are in: philosophers, theorists and researchers. Example: Sigmund Freud.

Naturalist intelligence

Ability to tune with nature and aware of their environments.

These are: farmers, biologists, conservationist and gardeners. Example: Charles Darwin.

Final words

I certainly know that many of us fit in one or even more of these intelligences and we could help others as ourself to gain strength to our skills. "His divine power has given us everything we need for life and godliness through our knowledge of him who called us by his own glory and goodness" (2 Peter 1:3).

© Maria Magdalena Ruiz O'Farrill


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    • profile image


      4 years ago

      Thank you, Geraldine! Your comments and fcadbeek are invaluable to me, and I appreciate your taking the time to drop by. And If you're interested in guest blogging, let's be in touch. I love to support others who are out there providing great content, and my reach is pretty considerable (if I do say so myself).

    • Lastheart profile imageAUTHOR

      Maria Magdalena Ruiz O'Farrill 

      6 years ago from Borikén the great land of the valiant and noble Lord

      Talebo80, thanks! I do not why I am seeing comments I didn't see before...sorry for my late reply.

    • Taleb80 profile image

      Taleb AlDris 

      7 years ago

      A real informative hub.

      I voted Useful, thanks.

    • Lastheart profile imageAUTHOR

      Maria Magdalena Ruiz O'Farrill 

      7 years ago from Borikén the great land of the valiant and noble Lord

      Interesting comment steveamy, thanks.

    • steveamy profile image


      7 years ago from Florida

      Intelligence is a tricky topic. While I think Garginer's typology is a useful tool I think it would be problematic if it were taken as gospel as his is not the only theory of intelligence out there. Personally, I am partial to Sternberg's Triarchic Theory of Intelligence but that is the beauty of theoretical perspectives as there are usually competing that is how science progresses..That said nice Hub.

    • Lastheart profile imageAUTHOR

      Maria Magdalena Ruiz O'Farrill 

      7 years ago from Borikén the great land of the valiant and noble Lord

      Thanks for the nice encouraging comments.

    • atuljayakrishnan profile image


      7 years ago from INDIA

      Extremely insightful and informative. good work

    • jacobkuttyta profile image

      Siny J 

      7 years ago from Delhi, India

      Nice and informative hub.


    • Froggy213 profile image

      Greg Boudonck 

      7 years ago from Returned to an Isla Del Sol - Puerto Rico Will Rise Strong

      Very, very good hub. I learned a lot.

    • Da Filkman profile image

      Da Filkman 

      7 years ago

      I personally was not aware of the precise dynamics involved in teaching and learning via these multiple intelligences.

      Very good read, and should fill all who see it with an even greater appreciation of enlightened educators such as yourself!


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